Carolina spring beauty

(Claytonia caroliniana var. caroliniana)

Conservation Status

 

No image available

 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

Carolina spring beauty was listed by the Minnesota DNR as a state special concern species in 1984. Plant surveys found it to be more widespread and more common than previously believed, and it was delisted in 2013

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Carolina spring beauty is a 3 to 6 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises on 1 to a few stems from a rounded, vertical, thickened corm. This is a spring ephemeral.

The stems are hairless and light green or reddish green.

There are 6 to 21 basal leaves rising on long leaf stalks. The blades are egg-shaped or spatula-shaped. The stem has a single pair of opposite leaves. They are hairless and on stalks that are clearly distinct from the leaf blades. The blades are egg-shaped or spatula-shaped, 13 16 to 4 long but usually no longer than 2, and to 13 16 wide but usually no wider than . All of the leaves are 3 to 8 times as long as wide.

The inflorescence is an unbranched, elongated, loose cluster at the end of the stem, with several flowers on slender flower stalks.

The flowers are fragrant and to ½ in diameter. They have 5 petals that are white or pinkish with fine pink stripes. There are only 2 sepals beneath the petals. On sunny days the flowers open and the stems become erect. On cloudy days and at night the buds remain closed and the stalks droop.

The fruit is an egg-shaped capsule with several seeds.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

3 to 6

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White or pinkish with fine pink stripes

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Virginia spring beauty (Claytonia virginica var. virginica) has linear leaves that are at least 8 times as long as wide. The stem leaves are stalkless or on short stalks that are not clearly differentiated from the leaf. It is far more common in eastern Minnesota.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moderate moisture. Woods. Dappled sunlight.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to June

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 28, 30.

 
  4/18/2021      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Subclass Rosidae  
  Superorder Caryophyllanae  
 

Order

Caryophyllales (pinks, cactuses, and allies)  
 

Family

Montiaceae (pussypaw)  
  Genus Claytonia (spring beauty)  
  Section Claytonia  
  Species Claytonia caroliniana (Carolina spring beauty)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

broad-leaf spring-beauty

Carolina spring beauty

Carolina springbeauty

Carolina spring-beauty

spring beauty

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Corm

A short, solid, vertical, thickened, underground stem that serves as a storage organ.

 

Linear

Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.

 

Spring ephemeral

Early blooming, short-lived wildflower that emerges in early spring and disappears by early summer. They develop above-ground parts in March or April, quickly flower and go to seed, then die back to their underground parts by May or June.

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

Share your photo of this plant.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.
 
 

 

 
 

 

 
           
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

 

 
           
           

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Spring Beauty (Claytonia caroliniana)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Spring Beauty (Claytonia caroliniana)  

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

Share your video of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more videos or YouTube links and, if you like, a caption.

       
       
Other Videos
 
       
       
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

Report a sighting of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.

     
     
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
   

 

 

 

Binoculars


Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2021 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.