common purslane

(Portulaca oleracea)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

common purslane

NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FAC - Facultative

Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

Nativity

Nativity unknown. Probably introduced. Widely naturalized.

Occurrence

Common and widespread

Habitat

Dry to moderate moisture. Gardens, roadsides, agricultural fields, sidewalk cracks, and other disturbed sites. Full sun.

Photo by Bill Reynolds
Flowering

June to September

 
Flower Color

Yellow

 
Height

2 to 6

 

Identification

This is a 2 to 6 tall annual forb that rises on many stems from a stout, ¾ to 4 long, taproot. It forms large mats.

The stems are X¾ to 22 long and lay flat on the ground (prostrate). They are repeatedly branched, round in cross section, thick, fleshy, and juicy (succulent). They are hairless and usually purplish brown, sometimes light green with a reddish tinge.

The leaves are alternate, flat, succulent, spatula-shaped to inversely egg-shaped or wedge-shaped, to 1 long, and 1 16 to ½ wide. They are green and glossy, often becoming reddish-tinged in strong sunlight. They are stalkless or on very short leaf stalks and are often crowded at the end of the branch. They are rounded to nearly straight across at the tip and taper slightly to the base. The upper and lower surfaces are hairless. The margins are untoothed.

The inflorescence is a solitary flower or a small cluster of flowers of 2 or 3 at the end of the stem.

The flowers are to ¼ in diameter. There are 2 sepals, 5 petals, 6 to 10 stamens, and 1 style. The sepals are green and usually enclose the flower, opening only on sunny mornings. The petals are yellow, oblong, to 3 16long, and 1 16 to wide. They are not joined at the base. The stamens have translucent yellow filaments and yellow anthers. The style has 5 branches.

The fruit is a round to egg-shaped, to in diameter capsule. It is not winged. It splits around the middle when ripe to release many seeds.

 
Similar
Species

 


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 22, 24, 28.


Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Portulacaceae (purslane family)

 
Synonyms

Portulaca neglecta

Portulaca retusa

Portulaca oleracea ssp. granulatostellulata

Portulaca oleracea ssp. impolita

Portulaca oleracea ssp. nicaraguensis

Portulaca oleracea ssp. nitida

Portulaca oleracea ssp. oleracea

Portulaca oleracea ssp. papillatostellulata

Portulaca oleracea ssp. stellata

 
Common
Names

akulikuli-kula

common purslane

duckweed

garden purslane

little hogweed

 

little-hogweed

portulaca-weed

purslane

pusley

wild portulaca


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

prostrate

Laying flat on the ground.

 

sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

 

succulent

Having thick leaves, stems, or roots that store water. Succulent tissues appear fleshy externally and juicy internally.

 

wing

A thin, flat, membranous, usually transparent appendage on the margin of a structure.

       

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Bill Reynolds


  common purslane    

       
       

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Other Videos

 
  Portulaca oleracea | Purslane (Pt 1 of 2)
SurvivalPlantsMemory
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 21, 2012

Visit Website: http://www.survivalplantsmemorycourse.com/

Photos used under protection of the "fair use" section (107) of the U.S. copyright act of 1976. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S521VcjhvMA&feature=player_embedded

 
     
  Portulaca oleracea | Purslane (Pt 2 of 2)
SurvivalPlantsMemory
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 21, 2012

MNEMONIC EXPLAINED: Vividly imagine seeing a group (many branches; creeping along the ground; mat-like) of oar (oar-shaped leaves) snakes (stems and leaves are thick, succulent and fleshy like snakes [this is a snake plant not a skinny worm plant]). They have torn a lemon (flowers are yellow) apart. Some are eating it (flowers develop where the "stalkless" leaf meets the stem [this "Y" section represents the snake's mouth with the yellow/lemon inside of it]) while others are passing it (after the snakes eat the lemon they poop the lemon and the lemon poop piles up at the tail [this reminds you that yellow flowers can also be found in clusters at the end of branches/snakes]). When they spot you they rise up (plant grows up to 6 inches tall [about average for a rising snake I guess]) and try to bite, so you take your knife and chop the snakes in half. Now watch until the very last drop of blood (stems are reddish) and lemon juice (this plant can be distinguished from it's look-alike by it's clear sap [not milky]) drains out (after the snakes have been drained of it's blood and lemon juice, the skin is no longer reddish but is green now [this reminds you that the stems/snakes can also appear green.

 
     
  Common Purslane (Portulaca oeracea) - 2013-08-22
W3stlander
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 3, 2013

Portulaca oleracea (Common Purslane, also known as Verdolaga, Pigweed, Little Hogweed, or Pursley, and Moss rose) is an annual succulent in the family Portulacaceae, which may reach 40 cm in height.

---------
Postelein (Portulaca oleracea, synoniem: Portulaca sativa) is een eenjarige plant, die behoort tot de posteleinfamilie (Portulacaceae).

52.01775 4.29993

 
     
  Wild edibles 24: Purslane vs. Spurge
Journey Outdoors
 
   
 
About

ploaded on Jul 12, 2011

Is it nutritious Purslane or Toxic Spurge? I'll show you how to tell the difference along with some video I took of Sea purslane which is a great survival food since it is found on beaches worldwide.

 
     

 

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Bill Reynolds
12/1/2013

Location: Pennington County

 

common purslane


     
     
 

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