hookedspur violet

(Viola adunca var. adunca)

Conservation Status
hookedspur violet
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Midwest

FAC - Facultative

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

The flowers of hookedspur violet occur on stalks rising from leaf axils. The petals are pale violet to violet. The lower petal is whitish with violet veining. The spur is over half of the length of the lower petal. The lower side petals are bearded. The leaves are heart-shaped, are not elongated, are not lobed, and have coarse, blunt teeth.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

3 to 6

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Violet

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moist to dry. Woods.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to June

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

 
  1/18/2012      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Rosanae  
 

Order

Malpighiales (nances, willows, and allies)  
 

Family

Violaceae (violet)  
  Subfamily Violoideae  
  Tribe Violeae  
  Genus Viola (violet)  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Viola adunca ssp. ashtonae

Viola adunca var. bellidifolia

Viola adunca var. cascadensis

Viola adunca ssp. radicosa

Viola adunca ssp. typica

Viola adunca ssp. uncinulata

Viola adunca var. uncinulata

Viola aduncoides

Viola bellidifolia

Viola cascadensis

Viola montanensis

Viola subvestita

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

blue violet

hook violet

hooked-spur violet

hookedspur violet

sand violet

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Plant

  hookedspur violet   hookedspur violet
       
  hookedspur violet    
       

Inflorescence

  hookedspur violet   hookedspur violet
       

Flower

  hookedspur violet   hookedspur violet
       
       

 

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slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Early Blue Violet (Viola adunca)
Wandering Sole TV
 
   
 
About

Published on May 22, 2013

The early blue violet (Viola adunca) also goes by the names of hookedspur violet, sand violet, and western dog violet. It can grow in dry or moist meadows, open woods, grasslands, or disturbed ground. It blooms in the springtime.

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Tags: spring flowers, Alaska violet, spring perennials, perennial flowers, blue flowers, purple flowers, small flowers, mountain wildflowers, small blue flowers, wild violets

   
       

 

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