ponderosa pine

(Pinus ponderosa)

Conservation Status
ponderosa pine
Photo by Randy
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

UPL - Obligate upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

UPL - Obligate upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Ponderosa pine is a very common and widespread coniferous tree rising on a straight trunk from a vigorous taproot and a deep root system. It is moderately fast growing and long-lived, often reaching ages of 300 to 600 years. The variety most likely to be found in Minnesota is 40 to 78 in height and up to 59 in diameter at breast height.

On young trees (less than 100 years old) the bark is grayish-black and scaly. On older trees the bark is orangish-brown and furrowed into flat, broadly rectangular, scaly plates.

There are usually three, sometimes only two, 4 to 6¾ long needles per bundle (fascicle).

The seed cones are 3 to 6 long. Each scale on the seed cone is armed with a sharp spine.

_____________________

The description above refers to Rocky Mountain ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum).

 
     
 

Height

 
 

40 to 78

 
     
 

Record

 
 

 

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Mostly in pure stands in mountains; also in mixed coniferous forests. In Minnesota, individuals planted in parks and cemeteries.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Pollination

 
 

May 25 to June 15

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 29, 30.

 
  3/11/2021      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native to western United States and Canada, including North Dakota and South Dakota. Occasionally planted in Minnesota.

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Ponderosa pine is the most widespread and the most common pine in North America. It is common and widespread in western United States, rare in Minnesota.

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Pinopsida (conifers)  
  Subclass Pinidae  
 

Order

Pinales (pines)  
 

Family

Pinaceae (pines)  
  Subfamily Piceoideae  
 

Genus

Picea (spruce)  
  Subgenus Pinus (hard pines)  
  Section Trifoliae (American hard pines)  
  Subsection Ponderosae  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa var. benthamiana)

ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa var. brachyptera)

ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa)

Rocky Mountain ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum) ?

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

blackjack pine

bull pine

ponderosa pine

rock pine

western yellow pine

yellow pine

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Fascicle

A small bundle or cluster, often sheathed at the base, as with pine needles.

       
Visitor Photos
   

Share your photo of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.

       
Randy
       

Ponderosa pine, Freeborn County, MN, 2016

  ponderosa pine    
       

Ponderosa pine, Freeborn Co, December 2016

  ponderosa pine    
       

Ponderosa pine bark, Freeborn Co, December 2016

  ponderosa pine    
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Pinus ponderosa
Blake C. Willson
 
  Pinus ponderosa  
 
About

Ponderosa Pine

 
     
  Ponderosa Pine - Tree Spot No. 1
Nebraska Forest Service
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 10, 2014

Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), also called western yellow pine, is one of the most widely distributed pines in western North America. A major source of timber, ponderosa pine forests are also important as wildlife habitat, for recreational use, and for esthetic values. Within its extensive range, two varieties of the species currently are recognized: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa (Pacific ponderosa pine) (typical) and var. scopulorum (Rocky Mountain ponderosa pine) (10). Arizona pine (P. arizonica), sometimes classified as a variety of ponderosa pine (12,36,51), is presently recognized as a separate species (45).

 
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

Share your video of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more videos or YouTube links and, if you like, a caption.

       
       
Other Videos
 
  Trees with Don Leopold - ponderosa pine
ESFTV
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 21, 2011

   
       
  Ponderosa Pine Tree
CSUExtension
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 29, 2016

Music by bensound.com
Opening ram footage courtesy of www.tonybynum.com.

Deryn Davidson, Horticulture Agent, Boulder County Colorado, discusses the Ponderosa Pine tree.

   
       
  Ponderosa Pine / Pinus ponderosa
Doug's Plant World
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 1, 2016

   
       
  Ponderosa Pine | Fire Ecology
Exploring the Nature of Wyoming | UWyo Extension
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jan 5, 2009

Fire is a naturally occurring phenomena in Ponderosa Pine dominated plant communities.

Exploring the Nature of Wyoming is produced by:
University of Wyoming Extension
Sustainable Management of Rangeland Resources

http://www.uwyo.edu/uwe/programs/ag-and-natural-resources.html

If you have range management questions we can help:
http://www.uwyo.edu/uwesupport/ask_an_expert.html

   
       
  38 PonderosaPine TeddyHildebrant
Grand Junction ParksandRec
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 19, 2012

Lincoln Park Arboretum, Lincoln Park, Grand Junction, Colorado

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

Report a sighting of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.

Randy
2016

Location: Freeborn Co., MN

Ponderosa pine

ponderosa pine


Randy
December 2016

Location: Freeborn Co.

Ponderosa pine

ponderosa pine


     
     
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
   

 

 

 

Binoculars


Created: 12/24/2016

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2021 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.