tiger lily

(Lilium lancifolium)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

 

No image available

NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

Minnesota

not listed

Nativity

Native to China, Japan, and Korea. Introduced and escaped cultivation. Naturalized in eastern North America.

Occurrence

Uncommon

Habitat

Moist. Roadsides, railroad banks, near dwellings, yards. Partial sun.

Flowering

July to August

     
Flower Color

Orange to reddish-orange with purple-brown spots near the throat

     
Height

3 to 6

     
 
Identification

This is an erect perennial rising from a white, egg-shaped bulb.

The stem is leafy, purplish, and densely covered with long, tangled, white hairs, especially near the top.

The leaves are alternate, untoothed, and linear to narrowly lance-shaped. They are attached to the stem without a leaf stalk. They are held horizontally and droop at the tips. The margins have short, rounded, nipple-like bumps. The tips are densely covered with long, tangled, white hairs. The lower leaves are 4 to 6 long and have pointed tips. The upper leaves have rounded tips and rounded bases that partly surround the stem but do not fuse at the base. There are 1 to 3 small dark purple bulblets in the axils of the upper leaves. The bulblets can propagate the plant.

The inflorescence is a terminal, branched, elongated, cluster of 3 to 6 flowers. The flowers hang downward at the end of stout, widely spreading flower stems.

The large flowers are up to 4 wide, Turk’s-cap shaped, and are not fragrant. They consist of 6 tepals, 3 inner tepals (petals) that are similar in appearance but slightly wider than the 3 outer tepals (sepals). The tepals spread outward and bend backward to their base. They are uniformly orange to reddish-orange with purple-brown spots except near the tips. The stamens project well beyond the tepals and curve widely outward.

The fruit is a 3-celled seed capsule. The seeds are infertile. The plant reproduces from bulb scales and bulblets.

 
Similar
Species

This species is easily identified by its truly lance-shaped, alternate, widely sessile leaves and purple-black bulbils in the upper leaf axils.

Michigan lily (Lilium michiganense) has a hairless stem. The leaves are whorled except near the top, where they are single, in pairs, or in partial whorls. The inflorescence is an umbel. The flowers are 2½ to 3 wide, reddish-orange with a yellowish-orange throat and purple or maroon spots near the throat.

Orange daylily (Hemerocallis fulva) is shorter, 2 to 4 at maturity. It has a basal rosette of grass-like leaves and no leaves on the flowering stem. The flowers are funnel-shaped, tannish-orange with a yellow throat and a red stripe. They do not have spots. They are semi-erect or horizontal—they do not hang downward. They last only one day.

Wood lily (Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum) is much shorter, 1 to 3 at maturity. The stem is hairless. The leaves are scattered, more or less alternate, except the uppermost, which are in a whorl. The inflorescence is an umbel. The flowers are 2½ wide, widely bell shaped and erect—they do not hang downward. The tepals are spoon-shaped, clawed, erect, and flaring, and bend backward slightly toward their tips. The tips come to a blunt point. They do not touch near the base. They are bright orange or reddish-orange with a yellow throat and purple spots near the throat.

 
Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5.

This plant has been recorded in only four counties: Lake of the Woods County, at Rocky Point; Itasca County, on a roadside embankment adjacent to Minnesota Highway 38, about 3½ miles north of Grand Rapids; Anoka County, in the Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve, at the old house site on the laboratory grounds; and in St. Louis County.

 
Comments

What’s in a Name?
The common name tiger lily is often applied to a number of other species of lily. However, that name properly applies only to this one.

 
Taxonomy

Family:

Liliaceae (lily)

 

Subfamily:

Lilieae

 

Tribe:

Lilioideae

 
Synonyms

Lilium tigrinum

 
Common
Names

devil lily

Easter lily

lance-leaf tiger lily

tiger lily

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Axil

The upper angle where the leaf stalk meets the stem.

 

Bulbil

A small bulb, formed in a leaf axil or at the base of a stem, that can produce a new plant.

 

Claw

A stalk-like narrowed base of some petals and sepals.

 

Sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

 

Sessile

Stalkless; attached at the base without a petiole, peduncle, pedicel, or stalk.

 

Tepal

Refers to both the petals and the sepals of a flower when they are similar in appearance and difficult to tell apart. Tepals are common in lilies and tulips.

 

Umbel

A flat-topped or convex umbrella-shaped cluster of flowers or buds arising from more or less a single point.

       
Visitor Photos
   
Share your photo of this plant.
 

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.

       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   
       
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Tiger Lilies (Lilium lancifolium)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Tiger Lilies (Lilium lancifolium)  

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       
Share your video of this plant.
   

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more videos or YouTube links and, if you like, a caption.

       
       
Other Videos
 
  Tiger Lily
WildFilmsIndia
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 26, 2014

The Tiger Lily, bears large, fiery orange flowers covered by spots. The name tiger probably refers to the spots on the petals.

The flowers of this perennial can grow up to three inches in width. The Tiger Lily is also known as the Ditch Lily.

The Tiger Lily has a strong, sweet and distinctively lily smell. Besides producing a stunning spectacle, most parts of this plant are edible. There are two varieties of the Tiger Lily:

The Oriental Variety: Propagates through bulbs that form at leaf axils.

The Common Wildflower Variety: Propagates by tuberous roots.

The Tiger Lily is known by a host of different names in different parts of the world.

Due to its wild growing nature, the Tiger Lily is incredibly easy to grow. Tiger lilies thrive well in moist to wet soils and hence grow well near the ditches. Early to mid-autumn is the best time to plant out the bulbs in cool temperate areas, in warmer areas they can be planted out as late as late autumn. The Tiger Lily is sterile and does not produce seeds. They can, however, be propagated through the bulbils (small bulbs) that grow in the axils of the leaves. Bulb scales can be removed from the bulbils and grown in moist peat in a cool dark place until they produce bulbets. They can be then grown in a nursery and later planted outside.

Source: theflowerexpert.com

This footage is part of the professionally-shot broadcast stock footage archive of Wilderness Films India Ltd., the largest collection of HD imagery from South Asia. The Wilderness Films India collection comprises of 50, 000+ hours of high quality broadcast imagery, mostly shot on HDCAM / SR 1080i High Definition, Alexa, SR, HDV and XDCAM. Write to us for licensing this footage on a broadcast format, for use in your production! We are happy to be commissioned to film for you or else provide you with broadcast crewing and production solutions across South Asia. We pride ourselves in bringing the best of India and South Asia to the world...

Please subscribe to our channel wildfilmsindia on Youtube for a steady stream of videos from across India. Also, visit and enjoy your journey across India at www.clipahoy.com , India's first video-based social networking experience!

Reach us at rupindang @ gmail . com and admin@wildfilmsindia.com

   
       
  Tiger Lily - Plants of the World
oldstuff4all
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 24, 2013

Tiger Lily is a lily from east of Asia. It's cultivated as an ornamental plant.

   
       
  "How to grow Tiger Lilies" Gardening 101 by Dr. Greenthumb
EWarehouseOnline
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 18, 2013

Play All http://bit.ly/14eapZs
Gardening 101 by Dr. Greenthumb Season 1 (Summer)
Free popular DIY video series hosted by James Miller.
Simple tricks, helpful hints and easy backyard gardening tips.
Nassau County Long Island New York USA Zone 7
Share with friends & leave a comment

   
       
  Lilium lancifolium
Brent and Beckys Bulbs
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 19, 2013

Brent takes a minute to stop and enjoy the Lilies in our Partier Garden and all of the butterflies that visit them!

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   
Report a sighting of this plant.
 
This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.

     
     
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

 

 

 

Binoculars

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2019 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.