white-cheeked jumping spider

(Pelegrina spp.)

               
Overview

Pelegrina is a genus of fairly small spiders called white-cheeked jumping spiders. It occurs throughout North America, in Central America, and in northern South America. There are at least 38 species worldwide, 26 species in North America north of Mexico, and at least 4 species in Minnesota. They are among the most common jumping spiders in North America.

white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina sp.)

  Photo by Scott Bemman
 

Some Pelegrina species are found low on the foliage of herbs and shrubs, some on grasses, some on understory vegetation, and others on conifers.

Identification

Males are brown with white stripes. Females are mottled brown, gray, or yellow, have more muted markings, and have four pale spots on top of the abdomen. On both sexes there is a stripe of white scales beginning behind the anterior median eyes (AMEs) and extending to the rear of the plate covering the front body segment (carapace). This is most noticeable on males. On males there is an extra white stripe below the AMEs. This is the feature that gives the genus its common name. Most have an inverted white V-shaped marking on the forehead.

 
Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 24, 29, 30.
 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Order:

Araneae (spiders)

 

Suborder:

Araneomorphae

 

No Rank:

Entelegynae (eight-eyed spiders)

 

No Rank:

RTA clade

 

No Rank:

Dionycha

 

Family:

Salticidae (jumping spiders)

 

no rank:

Salticoida

 

no rank:

Marpissoida

 

Subfamily:

Dendryphantinae

 

Genus:

Pelegrina (white-cheeked jumping spider)

   
 

All jumping spiders, including the genus Pelegrina, were formerly place in the genus Metaphidippus.

 
Subordinate Taxa

common white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina proterva)

grassland white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina arizonensis)

spotted white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina insignis)

yellowleg jumping spider (Pelegrina flavipes)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

white-cheeked jumping spider

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Carapace

The hard, upper (dorsal), shell-like covering (exoskeleton) of the body or at least the thorax of many arthropods and of turtles and tortoises. In crustaceans, it covers the cephalothorax.

 

 

       
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Scott Bemman
       
  white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina sp.)    
       
       
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  Pelegrina  
 
About

Family: Salticidae
Subfamily: Salticinae
Tribe: Dendryphantini

- Pelegrina (jumping spider)
- Pelegrina galathea/proterva (jumping spider)
- Pelegrina galathea (Peppered Jumper)
- Pelegrina proterva (Common White-cheeked Jumping Spider)

 

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Pelegrina Jumping Spiders
Torn80cj
 
   
 
About

Nov 1, 2012

Pelegrina jumping spiders are basically the same size as habronattus jumping spiders, somewhere around 6mm in length. They are some of the most difficult spiders to video because of their sudden movements and they seem to have this inability to stay in one spot for at least 5 seconds. They are very active and can usually be found around flowers, especially sunflowers which are very numerous in the area I live.

   
       

 

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Scott Bemman
9/15/2020

Location: McCarthy Beach State Park

white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina sp.)


 
         
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Created: 9/23/2020

Last Updated:

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