Minnesota Spiders

Order Araneae

Araneae (spiders) is the order of arachnids that is characterized by breathing air, having eight legs, and having chelicerae (mouth parts) with fangs that inject venom.

There are 43,678 known species in 3,705 genera in 109 families worldwide. There are about 3,400 species in North America and, as of July 15, 2015, 466 confirmed species in Minnesota.


banded argiope

Recent Additions

Brilliant jumping spider


Brilliant jumping spider (Phidippus clarus) occurs across North America from coast to coast. It is very common in Minnesota. A study in 1997 surveyed jumping spiders in 30 locations around Minnesota. The author collected 572 jumping spiders representing 15 species. Brilliant jumping spider was by far the most common, with 299 specimens (52%) collected.

Brilliant jumping spider is found from July to September in moderately moist fields on grasses and perennial plants. It is a small to medium-sized spider (order Araneae) but a relatively large jumping spider (family Salticidae). Adults are mostly black with four pairs of white spots and two red stripes on the abdomen.

The female is a paragon of parental perseverance. In the fall she creates a large white egg sac at the top of a tall grass or herbaceous plant and drops eggs into the sac. She prevents the eggs from drying out by repeatedly adding silk to cover the egg mass. She stays with the egg sac until the young disperse in about a month. During this time she does not feed and usually dies from starvation a few days later.

  brilliant jumping spider  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  

Marbled orbweaver


Orb weaver spiders (Aranidae) is the third largest family of spiders. There are about 3,100 species in 169 genera worldwide. They spin a large circular web that hangs vertically. This web is called an “orb”, which gives this family its common name.

Marbled orbweaver (Araneus marmoreus) is a medium-sized orb weaver spider. Females are about twice the size of males. They are highly variable in appearance, but all have a light colored abdomen with black, gray, and white markings, at least at the front edge, that give them a marbled appearance.

The marbled orbweaver orb is a closed hub, 20 to 30 in diameter, with 15 to 35 spokes (radii) that are not sticky. The radii extend to the center of the hub and are connected to each other by sticky threads that spiral outward from the center. The spider also makes a retreat out of silk near one edge of the orb. The retreat is connected by a signal thread to the center of the web, allowing the spider to feel vibrations of prey. The web is usually consumed and a new web constructed each evening.

  marbled orbweaver  
    Photo by Christa Rittberg  

Bold jumper


Bold jumper (Phidippus audax) is an extremely common jumping spider in eastern United States. It is a medium-sized spider but a very large jumping spider. It can be found from spring to fall in old fields, prairies, open woodlands, backyards, gardens, and human houses.

The most distinctive feature of this spider is the iridescent green or blue mouthparts. Both sexes share this feature, but when courting, the male will wave its forelegs and sense organs (palps), showing off his colorful parts.

Bold jumpers hunt during the day, not at night. They sneak up on their prey and pounce, releasing silk while jumping as a drag line to prevent falling. They will bite if molested but are usually too quick and wary to be caught. They can jump 10 to 50 times their body length.

There are about 5,000 species of jumping spiders. Bold jumper is distinguished by its large size; conspicuous, iridescent green or blue mouthparts; massive, high, front body segment with rounded sides; four pairs of matte black spots on the abdomen; the arrangement of usually four pairs of white spots on the abdomen; and its occurrence in the northern United States.

  bold jumper  
    Photo by Terry Hayes  

Slender ant-mimicking jumping spider


Slender ant-mimicking jumping spider (Synemosyna formica) is often overlooked and mistaken for an ant. It is found in bushes and tall grass from Vermont to Georgia west to Minnesota and Texas.

Most jumping spiders have furry round bodies. Ant-mimicking jumping spider is a Batesian mimic, evolved to imitate the appearance of ants which are avoided by ants, mantises, and larger jumping spiders. The ant-like modifications include a constricted abdomen and front legs that are curved, mimicking ant antennae.

There are more than 300 species of spiders that are ant mimics. Ant-mimicking jumping spider is distinguished by a sharp downward slope between the head portion and the thorax portion of the cephalothorax; narrow, parallel-sided rear portion of the cephalothorax; white or pale marks at the abdominal constriction; and in the palpal bulbs of the male the embolus is fixed to the tegulum.

  slender ant-mimicking jumping spider  
    Photo by Terry Hayes  

Dark fishing spider


Dark fishing spider (Dolomedes tenebrosus) is a large, robust, nursery web spider (family Pisauridae). The common name is misleading, as this spider is most often found in deciduous forests, often far from water.

This is the largest fishing spider (genus Dolomedes). The adult female body can be up to 1 long with a legspan of over 3. The male is about half that size and one-fourteenth the weight. The body is light brown with dark markings and the legs have alternating light and dark bands.

The male never survives the mating process. This is not because it is killed by the female, as with black widow spiders. The male has evolved to die spontaneously after mating, providing the female with a meal to nourish her eggs.

Fishing spiders are similar to, and often mistaken for, wolf spiders. They are distinguished by the arrangement of their eyes and the mode of perching. Dark fishing spider is similar in appearance to striped fishing spider (Dolomedes scriptus) but is larger and has less white marking on the abdomen.

  dark fishing spider  
    Photo by Brian Johnson  
Other Recent Additions

bordered orbweaver (Larinioides patagiatus)

jumping spider (Phidippus spp.)

hammock spider (Pityohyphantes costatus annulipes )

American green crab spider (Misumessus oblongus)

northern crab spider (Mecaphesa asperata)

white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina spp.)

  bordered orbweaver  
    Photo by Mike Poeppe  









This list includes only spiders that have been recorded in Minnesota, but not all of the spiders found in Minnesota.

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American green crab spider (Misumessus oblongus)

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American nursery web spider (Pisaurina mira)


antmimic (Castianeira longipalpa)


Apache jumping spider (Phidippus apacheanus)


arabesque orbweaver (Neoscona arabesca)


arrowshaped micrathena (Micrathena sagittata)

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Asiatic wall jumping spider (Attulus fasciger)

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banded argiope (Argiope trifasciata)


barn funnel weaver (Tegenaria domestica)

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barn spider (Araneus cavaticus)

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black and yellow argiope (Argiope aurantia)

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bold jumper (Phidippus audax)

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bordered orbweaver (Larinioides patagiatus)


boreal combfoot (Steatoda borealis)


boreal tufted jumping spider (Phidippus borealis)

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brilliant jumping spider (Phidippus clarus)

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bronze jumping spider (Eris militaris)


brush-legged wolf spider (Schizocosa ocreata)


burrowing wolf spider (Geolycosa missouriensis)


Canada pirate wolf spider (Piratula canadensis)


candy-striped spider (Enoplognatha ovata)


Carolina wolf spider (Hogna carolinensis)


cat-faced spider (Araneus gemmoides)


cobweb weaver (Family Theridiidae)


common candy-striped spider (Enoplognatha ovata)


common grass funnel weaver (Agelenopsis potteri)

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common Hentz jumping spider (Hentzia palmarum)


common house spider (Parasteatoda tepidariorum)


common leaf-beetle jumping spider (Sassacus papenhoei)


common stretch spider (Tetragnatha extensa)

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common white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina proterva)


contrasting spurred woodland funnelweaver (Coras lamellosus)

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crab spider (Mecaphesa spp.)


cross orbweaver (Araneus diadematus)

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dark fishing spider (Dolomedes tenebrosus)


dark-tipped pirate wolf spider (Pirata aspirans)

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dimorphic jumper (Maevia inclemens)


drumming wolf spider (Gladicosa gulosa)


dwarf spider (Ceraticelus fissiceps)


eastern parson spider (Herpyllus ecclesiasticus)

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false black widow (Steatoda grossa)


flea jumping spider (Naphrys pulex)


flower jumping spider (Calositticus floricola)


forest wolf spider (Pardosa xerampelina)


four-lined slender jumping spider (Marpissa lineata)


giant lichen orbweaver (Araneus bicentenarius)

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goldenrod crab spider (Misumena vatia)

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grass spider (Agelenopsis spp.)


grassland white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina arizonensis)


grayish jumping spider (Phidippus princeps)


Great Lakes pirate wolf spider (Pirata montanoides)


green longjawed orbweaver (Tetragnatha viridis)


Greenland wolf spider (Pardosa groenlandica)


ground crab spider (Xysticus alboniger)


ground wolf spider (Trochosa terricola)


hackled-banded dictynid spider (Emblyna annulipes)

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hammock spider (Pityohyphantes costatus annulipes )


Hart’s jumping spider (Tutelina harti)

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Hentz’s orbweaver (Neoscona crucifera)


Hoy’s jumping spider (Evarcha hoyi)


humpbacked orbweaver (Eustala anastera)


jumping spider (Calositticus palustris)

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jumping spider (Family Salticidae)

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jumping spider (Phidippus spp.)


jumping spider (Sitticus concolor)

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jumping spider (Tutelina spp.)


lance wolf spider (Schizocosa avida)


lattice orbweaver (Araneus thaddeus)


lesser spurred woodland funnelweaver (Coras juvenilis)


lined orbweaver (Mangora gibberosa)


little banded wolf spider (Pardosa modica)


longbodied cellar spider (Pholcus phalangioides)


longjawed orbweaver (Tetragnatha caudata)


longjawed orbweaver (Tetragnatha guatemalensis)


longjawed orbweaver (Tetragnatha pallescens)

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longjawed orbweaver (Tetragnatha spp.)


Mackenzie’s thin-legged wolf spider (Pardosa mackenziana)


marbled cobweb spider (Enoplognatha marmorata)

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marbled orbweaver (Araneus marmoreus)


marbled purple jumping spider (Phidippus purpuratus)


McCook’s split wolf spider (Schizocosa mccooki)


medicine spider (Coras medicinalis)


minute jumping spider (Talavera minuta)


Nell’s tiny jumping spider (Neon nelli)


nervous hammer-jawed jumping spider (Zygoballus nervosus)


northern black widow (Latrodectus variolus)


northern cobweb weaver (Steatoda borealis)

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northern crab spider (Mecaphesa asperata)


northern spurred woodland funnelweaver (Coras montanus)


northern yellow sac spider (Cheiracanthium mildei)

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oblong running spider (Tibellus oblongus)


Oklahoma grass funnel weaver (Agelenopsis oklahoma)


orchard orbweaver (Leucauge venusta)


pale thin-legged wolf spider (Pardosa distincta)


Pike slender jumping spider (Marpissa pikei)


pirate otter spider (Pirata piraticus)


rabid wolf spider (Rabidosa rabida)

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red running crab spider (Philodromus rufus vibrans)


redlined wolf spider (Arctosa rubicunda)

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reticulated pirate spider (Mimetus notius)


rustic wolf spider (Trochosa ruricola)


saxatile thin-legged wolf spider (Pardosa saxatilis)

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shamrock orbweaver (Araneus trifolium)


shiny wolf spider (Pardosa moesta)


shore spider (Pardosa milvina)


shoreline wolf spider (Arctosa littoralis)


short-bellied slender jumping spider (Marpissa formosa)


silver longjawed orbweaver (Tetragnatha laboriosa)

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six-spotted fishing spider (Dolomedes triton)


six-spotted orbweaver (Araniella displicata)

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slender ant-mimicking jumping spider (Synemosyna formica)


small pirate wolf spider (Piratula minuta)


snowbank wolf spider (Pardosa fuscula)


spined antmimic jumping spider (Synageles noxiosus)


spined micrathena (Micrathena gracilis)


spiny-legged pirate wolf spider (Pirata sedentarius)


spinyrib wolf spider (Alopecosa aculeata)

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splendid dwarf spider (Hypselistes florens)


spotted cobweaver (Thymoites unimaculatus)

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spotted white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina insignis)


starbellied orbweaver (Acanthepeira stellata)


stone spider (Pardosa lapidicina)


striped fishing spider (Dolomedes scriptus)


swift crab spider (Mecaphesa celer)


taiga wolf spider (Pardosa hyperborea)


tan jumping spider (Platycryptus undatus)


Texas ornamented jumping spider (Habronattus texanus)

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thick-spined jumping spider (Tutelina similis)

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thin-spined jumping spider (Tutelina elegans)


three-lined ground jumping dpider (Ghelna canadensis)


toothed slender jumping spider (Marpissa grata)


triangulate comb-foot (Steatoda triangulosa)


tripod antmimic jumping spider (Synageles occidentalis)


truncated thread meshweaver (Dictyna volucripes)


tuberculated crab spider (Tmarus angulatus)


tuftlegged orbweaver (Mangora placida)


two-spotted cobweb spider (Asagena americana)


twobanded antmimic (Castianeira cingulata)


Utah grass funnel weaver (Agelenopsis utahana)


wetland giant wolf spider (igrosa helluo)


Wheeler's thick-legged jumping spider (Admestina wheeleri)


white micrathena (Micrathena mitrata)

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white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina spp.)


white-jawed jumping spider (Hentzia mitrata)


white-lipped ornamented jumping spider (Habronattus cognatus)


white-striped jumping spider (Tutelina formicaria)


whitebanded crab spider (Misumenoides formosipes)


Whitman’s jumping spider (Phidippus whitmani)

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wide ribbon meshweaver (Emblyna sublata)

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wolf spider (Family Lycosidae)


wolf spider (Hogna helluo)


wolf spider (Schizocosa crassipes)


woodlouse hunter (Dysdera crocata)


yellowleg jumping spider (Pelegrina flavipes)

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zebra jumper (Salticus scenicus)


Acanthepeira stellata (starbellied orbweaver)

Admestina wheeleri (Wheeler's thick-legged jumping spider)

Agelenopsis oklahoma (Oklahoma grass funnel weaver)

Agelenopsis potteri (common grass funnel weaver)

Agelenopsis spp. (grass spider)

Agelenopsis utahana (Utah grass funnel weaver)

Alopecosa aculeata (spinyrib wolf spider)

Araneus bicentenarius (giant lichen orbweaver)

Araneus cavaticus (barn spider)

Araneus diadematus (cross orbweaver)

Araneus gemmoides (cat-faced spider)

Araneus marmoreus (marbled orbweaver)

Araneus thaddeus (lattice orbweaver)

Araneus trifolium (shamrock orbweaver)

Araniella displicata (six-spotted orbweaver)

Arctosa littoralis (shoreline wolf spider)

Arctosa rubicunda (redlined wolf spider)

Argiope aurantia (black and yellow argiope)

Argiope trifasciata (banded argiope)

Asagena americana (two-spotted cobweb spider)

Attulus fasciger (Asiatic wall jumping spider)

Calositticus floricola (flower jumping spider)

Calositticus palustris (jumping spider)

Castianeira cingulata (twobanded antmimic)

Castianeira longipalpa (antmimic)

Ceraticelus fissiceps (dwarf spider)

Cheiracanthium mildei (northern yellow sac spider)

Coras juvenilis (lesser spurred woodland funnelweaver)

Coras lamellosus (contrasting spurred woodland funnelweaver)

Coras medicinalis (medicine spider)

Coras montanus (northern spurred woodland funnelweaver)

Dictyna volucripes (truncated thread meshweaver)

Dolomedes scriptus (striped fishing spider)

Dolomedes tenebrosus (dark fishing spider)

Dolomedes triton (six-spotted fishing spider)

Dysdera crocata (woodlouse hunter)

Emblyna annulipes (hackled-banded dictynid spider)

Emblyna sublata (wide ribbon meshweaver)

Enoplognatha marmorata (marbled cobweb spider)

Enoplognatha ovata (candy-striped spider)

Enoplognatha ovata (common candy-striped spider)

Eris militaris (bronze jumping spider)

Eustala anastera (humpbacked orbweaver)

Evarcha hoyi (Hoy’s jumping spider)

Geolycosa missouriensis (burrowing wolf spider)

Ghelna canadensis (three-lined ground jumping dpider)

Gladicosa gulosa (drumming wolf spider)

Habronattus cognatus (white-lipped ornamented jumping spider)

Habronattus texanus (Texas ornamented jumping spider)

Hentzia mitrata (white-jawed jumping spider)

Hentzia palmarum (common Hentz jumping spider)

Herpyllus ecclesiasticus (eastern parson spider)

Hogna carolinensis (Carolina wolf spider)

Hogna helluo (wolf spider)

Hypselistes florens (splendid dwarf spider)

igrosa helluo (wetland giant wolf spider)

Larinioides patagiatus (bordered orbweaver)

Latrodectus variolus (northern black widow)

Leucauge venusta (orchard orbweaver)

Family Lycosidae (wolf spider)

Maevia inclemens (dimorphic jumper)

Mangora gibberosa (lined orbweaver)

Mangora placida (tuftlegged orbweaver)

Marpissa formosa (short-bellied slender jumping spider)

Marpissa grata (toothed slender jumping spider)

Marpissa lineata (four-lined slender jumping spider)

Marpissa pikei (Pike slender jumping spider)

Mecaphesa asperata (northern crab spider)

Mecaphesa celer (swift crab spider)

Mecaphesa spp. (crab spider)

Micrathena gracilis (spined micrathena)

Micrathena mitrata (white micrathena)

Micrathena sagittata (arrowshaped micrathena)

Mimetus notius (reticulated pirate spider)

Misumena vatia (goldenrod crab spider)

Misumenoides formosipes (whitebanded crab spider)

Misumessus oblongus (American green crab spider)

Naphrys pulex (flea jumping spider)

Neon nelli (Nell’s tiny jumping spider)

Neoscona arabesca (arabesque orbweaver)

Neoscona crucifera (Hentz’s orbweaver)

Parasteatoda tepidariorum (common house spider)

Pardosa distincta (pale thin-legged wolf spider)

Pardosa fuscula (snowbank wolf spider)

Pardosa groenlandica (Greenland wolf spider)

Pardosa hyperborea (taiga wolf spider)

Pardosa lapidicina (stone spider)

Pardosa mackenziana (Mackenzie’s thin-legged wolf spider)

Pardosa milvina (shore spider)

Pardosa modica (little banded wolf spider)

Pardosa moesta (shiny wolf spider)

Pardosa saxatilis (saxatile thin-legged wolf spider)

Pardosa xerampelina (forest wolf spider)

Pelegrina arizonensis (grassland white-cheeked jumping spider)

Pelegrina flavipes (yellowleg jumping spider)

Pelegrina insignis (spotted white-cheeked jumping spider)

Pelegrina proterva (common white-cheeked jumping spider)

Pelegrina spp. (white-cheeked jumping spider)

Phidippus apacheanus (Apache jumping spider)

Phidippus audax (bold jumper)

Phidippus borealis (boreal tufted jumping spider)

Phidippus clarus (brilliant jumping spider)

Phidippus princeps (grayish jumping spider)

Phidippus purpuratus (marbled purple jumping spider)

Phidippus spp. (jumping spider)

Phidippus whitmani (Whitman’s jumping spider)

Philodromus rufus vibrans (red running crab spider)

Pholcus phalangioides (longbodied cellar spider)

Pirata aspirans (dark-tipped pirate wolf spider)

Pirata montanoides (Great Lakes pirate wolf spider)

Pirata piraticus (pirate otter spider)

Pirata sedentarius (spiny-legged pirate wolf spider)

Piratula canadensis (Canada pirate wolf spider)

Piratula minuta (small pirate wolf spider)

Pisaurina mira (American nursery web spider)

Pityohyphantes costatus annulipes (hammock spider)

Platycryptus undatus (tan jumping spider)

Rabidosa rabida (rabid wolf spider)

Family Salticidae (jumping spider)

Salticus scenicus (zebra jumper)

Sassacus papenhoei (common leaf-beetle jumping spider)

Schizocosa avida (lance wolf spider)

Schizocosa crassipes (wolf spider)

Schizocosa mccooki (McCook’s split wolf spider)

Schizocosa ocreata (brush-legged wolf spider)

Sitticus concolor (jumping spider)

Steatoda borealis (boreal combfoot)

Steatoda borealis (northern cobweb weaver)

Steatoda grossa (false black widow)

Steatoda triangulosa (triangulate comb-foot)

Synageles noxiosus (spined antmimic jumping spider)

Synageles occidentalis (tripod antmimic jumping spider)

Synemosyna formica (slender ant-mimicking jumping spider)

Talavera minuta (minute jumping spider)

Tegenaria domestica (barn funnel weaver)

Tetragnatha caudata (longjawed orbweaver)

Tetragnatha extensa (common stretch spider)

Tetragnatha guatemalensis (longjawed orbweaver)

Tetragnatha laboriosa (silver longjawed orbweaver)

Tetragnatha pallescens (longjawed orbweaver)

Tetragnatha spp. (longjawed orbweaver)

Tetragnatha viridis (green longjawed orbweaver)

Family Theridiidae (cobweb weaver)

Thymoites unimaculatus (spotted cobweaver)

Tibellus oblongus (oblong running spider)

Tmarus angulatus (tuberculated crab spider)

Trochosa ruricola (rustic wolf spider)

Trochosa terricola (ground wolf spider)

Tutelina elegans (thin-spined jumping spider)

Tutelina formicaria (white-striped jumping spider)

Tutelina harti (Hart’s jumping spider)

Tutelina similis (thick-spined jumping spider)

Tutelina spp. (jumping spider)

Xysticus alboniger (ground crab spider)

Zygoballus nervosus (nervous hammer-jawed jumping spider)


American green crab spider

American nursery web spider

Asiatic wall jumping spider

banded argiope

barn spider

black and yellow argiope

bold jumper

bordered orbweaver

brilliant jumping spider

bronze jumping spider

cobweb weaver (Family Theridiidae)

common Hentz jumping spider

common white-cheeked jumping spider

crab spider (Mecaphesa sp.)

dark fishing spider

dimorphic jumper

false black widow

goldenrod crab spider

grass spider (Agelenopsis sp.)

hammock spider

Hentz's orbweaver

jumping spider (Family Salticidae)

jumping spider (Phidippus sp.)

jumping spider (Tutelina sp.)






longjawed orbweaver (Tetragnatha sp.)

marbled orbweaver









northern crab spider

oblong running spider

red running crab spider

reticulated pirate spider

shamrock orbweaver

six-spotted fishing spider

slender ant-mimicking jumping spider

splendid dwarf spider

spotted white-cheeked jumping spider






thick-spined jumping spider

thin-spined jumping spider













white-cheeked jumping spider (Pelegrina sp.)





wide ribbon meshweaver

wolf spider (Family Lycosidae)

zebra jumper



No Species Page Yet?

If you do not see a linked page for a spider in the list at left you can still upload a photo or video as an email attachment or report a sighting for that spider. Click on one of the buttons below and type in the common name and/or scientific name of the spider in your photo, video, or sighting. A new page will be created for that spider featuring your contribution.

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Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.


Capitalization of Common Names

The 1997 version of Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms, published by the Entomological Society of America (ESA), contains only 9 spider species. Two of those are placed in the wrong family and four are unrecognized common names. The inadequate coverage of arachnids by the ICZN spurred the American Arachnological Society (AAS) to develop their own list, Common Names of Arachnids. While the ESA has no rule or guideline that addresses capitalization of common names, the AAS does. Capital letters should not be used unless 1) the name begins a sentence, then the first letter of the name should be capitalized; or 2) the common name begins with a proper name, and that proper name begins with a capital letter (place name or person’s last name). MinnesotaSeasons.com will adhere to the convention adopted by AAS.





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