zebra jumper

(Salticus scenicus)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

zebra jumper

 

NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common

Season

 

Habitat/Host

Forests, meadows, gardens, fences, and buildings; often indoors

Size

Female Body Length: to ¼ (4 to 6.5 mm)

Male Body Length: to 3 16 (4 to 5.5 mm)

Legspan: ¼ to 5 16 (6 to 8 mm)

Photo by Alfredo Colon

Identification

Zebra jumper is a small but common and easy to recognize jumping spider. It occurs across Europe and North America. It is common in Minnesota.

The female is to ¼ (4 to 6.5 mm) long not including the legs. The male is a little smaller, 3 16 to ¼ (5 to 7 mm) long. The legs are ¼ to 5 16 (6 to 8 mm) long.

The plate covering the cephalothorax (carapace) is dark brown, about 1½ times longer than wide, and moderately convex when viewed from the side. The face is vertical. The jaw-like mouthparts (chelcerae) on the male are very long and project forward and outward. At the tip of each chelcera there is a long fang that fits into a groove under the chelcera when not extended. In the groove there is a single large tooth near the base of the fang, a smaller tooth one third from the base, and an even smaller one much further down. On the female the chelcerae are vertical and are normal in size. There are four pairs of eyes arranged in what appears to be three rows occupying a little less than half of the length of the carapace. The first row of four eyes, consisting of the anterior median eyes (AMEs) and anterior lateral eyes (ALEs), is curved backward. The AMEs are the middle and forward-most pair of these. They are by far the largest of all of the eyes and can be moved. The AMEs are about twice as large as the ALEs. The second row of two eyes are the posterior median eyes (PMEs). They are very small and are barely or not at all noticeable on most photos. The third row of eyes is the posterior lateral eyes (PLEs). The PLEs are set far back on the head and are almost exactly as far apart as the ALEs. The plate on the face above the mouth (clypeus) is white. A white stripe extends along each lateral margin of the carapace from the clypeus to the rear margin. On the upper (dorsal) side, there is usually a white spot in the center just above the AMEs and a white spot behind each PLE.

The abdomen is brown and iridescent, with a white band at the base, two pairs of white oblique bands, and a little white at the tip near the spinnerets. On the female the abdomen is lighter and less iridescent.

The legs on the male are pale with many dark rings and streaks. On the female they are less prominently marked.

 
Similar
Species

 


Food

 

 
Life Cycle

 

 
Behavior

 


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 24, 29, 30.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Order:

Araneae (spiders)

 

Suborder:

Araneomorphae

 

No Rank:

Entelegynae (eight-eyed spiders)

 

No Rank:

RTA clade

 

No Rank:

Dionycha

 

Family:

Salticidae (jumping spiders)

 

no rank:

Salticoida

 

Subfamily:

Salticinae

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

zebra jumper

zebra jumping spider


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Carapace

The hard, upper (dorsal), shell-like covering (exoskeleton) of the body or at least the thorax of many arthropods and of turtles and tortoises. In crustaceans, it covers the cephalothorax.

 

Cephalothorax

The front part of a spider’s body, composed of the head region and the thoracic area fused together. Eyes, legs, and antennae are attached to this part.

 

Chelicerae

The pair of stout mouthparts, corresponding to jaws, in arachnids and other arthropods in the subphylum Chelicerata.

 

Clypeus

On insects, a hardened plate on the face above the upper lip (labrum).

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
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Alfredo Colon


  zebra jumper   zebra jumper
       
  zebra jumper   zebra jumper
       
  zebra jumper   zebra jumper
       
  zebra jumper    

       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Zebra Jumper (Salticus scenicus) (O)
Bill Keim
 
  Zebra Jumper (Salticus scenicus) (O)  
     
  Zebra Jumper (Salticus scenicus)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Zebra Jumper (Salticus scenicus)  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
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Other Videos

 
  UK Zebra Jumping Spider ( Salticus Scenicus )
The Spiderman
 
   
 
About

Published on May 27, 2018

Salticus species are typically marked with a black and white pattern, with some featuring transverse stripes, often gaining them the popular name "zebra spiders". Mature males have very long chelicerae on which they rest their long, thin pedipalps. Females are from 3.5 to 7 mm long, males up to 5 mm

 
     
  Meet the Zebra spider (Salticus scenicus) Jumping spider
Tropical Discovery Workshops
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 28, 2016

This is a male of a jumping spider specie here in the UK. They're very common, often found on walls & fences hunting small flies & other inverts like ants etc. They dont make webs to catch prey but pounce on they're victims. They as many other hunting spiders, have 6 eyes instead of 8, they have evolved 2 larger eyes at the front with binocular vision!!! I'll try & bring you a video of one hunting in the wild. :)

 
     

 

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Alfredo Colon
8/27/2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

zebra jumper


     
     
 

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