zebra jumper

(Salticus scenicus)

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

zebra jumper



NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked


not listed






Forests, meadows, gardens, fences, and buildings; often indoors


Female Body Length: to ¼ (4 to 6.5 mm)

Male Body Length: to 3 16 (4 to 5.5 mm)

Legspan: ¼ to 5 16 (6 to 8 mm)

Photo by Alfredo Colon

Zebra jumper is a small but common and easy to recognize jumping spider. It occurs across Europe and North America. It is common in Minnesota.

The female is to ¼ (4 to 6.5 mm) long not including the legs. The male is a little smaller, 3 16 to ¼ (5 to 7 mm) long. The legs are ¼ to 5 16 (6 to 8 mm) long.

The plate covering the cephalothorax (carapace) is dark brown, about 1½ times longer than wide, and moderately convex when viewed from the side. The face is vertical. The jaw-like mouthparts (chelcerae) on the male are very long and project forward and outward. At the tip of each chelcera there is a long fang that fits into a groove under the chelcera when not extended. In the groove there is a single large tooth near the base of the fang, a smaller tooth one third from the base, and an even smaller one much further down. On the female the chelcerae are vertical and are normal in size. There are four pairs of eyes arranged in what appears to be three rows occupying a little less than half of the length of the carapace. The first row of four eyes, consisting of the anterior median eyes (AMEs) and anterior lateral eyes (ALEs), is curved backward. The AMEs are the middle and forward-most pair of these. They are by far the largest of all of the eyes and can be moved. The AMEs are about twice as large as the ALEs. The second row of two eyes are the posterior median eyes (PMEs). They are very small and are barely or not at all noticeable on most photos. The third row of eyes is the posterior lateral eyes (PLEs). The PLEs are set far back on the head and are almost exactly as far apart as the ALEs. The plate on the face above the mouth (clypeus) is white. A white stripe extends along each lateral margin of the carapace from the clypeus to the rear margin. On the upper (dorsal) side, there is usually a white spot in the center just above the AMEs and a white spot behind each PLE.

The abdomen is brown and iridescent, with a white band at the base, two pairs of white oblique bands, and a little white at the tip near the spinnerets. On the female the abdomen is lighter and less iridescent.

The legs on the male are pale with many dark rings and streaks. On the female they are less prominently marked.





Life Cycle




Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 24, 29, 30.




Araneae (spiders)





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Entelegynae (eight-eyed spiders)


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RTA clade


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Salticidae (jumping spiders)


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zebra jumper

zebra jumping spider










The hard, upper (dorsal), shell-like covering (exoskeleton) of the body or at least the thorax of many arthropods and of turtles and tortoises. In crustaceans, it covers the cephalothorax.



The front part of a spider’s body, composed of the head region and the thoracic area fused together. Eyes, legs, and antennae are attached to this part.



The pair of stout mouthparts, corresponding to jaws, in arachnids and other arthropods in the subphylum Chelicerata.



On insects, a hardened plate on the face above the upper lip (labrum).



Visitor Photos
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Alfredo Colon
  zebra jumper   zebra jumper
  zebra jumper   zebra jumper
  zebra jumper   zebra jumper
  zebra jumper    
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos



  Zebra Jumper (Salticus scenicus) (O)
Bill Keim
  Zebra Jumper (Salticus scenicus) (O)  
  Zebra Jumper (Salticus scenicus)
Andree Reno Sanborn
  Zebra Jumper (Salticus scenicus)  



Visitor Videos
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Other Videos
  UK Zebra Jumping Spider ( Salticus Scenicus )
The Spiderman

Published on May 27, 2018

Salticus species are typically marked with a black and white pattern, with some featuring transverse stripes, often gaining them the popular name "zebra spiders". Mature males have very long chelicerae on which they rest their long, thin pedipalps. Females are from 3.5 to 7 mm long, males up to 5 mm

  Meet the Zebra spider (Salticus scenicus) Jumping spider
Tropical Discovery Workshops

Published on Jul 28, 2016

This is a male of a jumping spider specie here in the UK. They're very common, often found on walls & fences hunting small flies & other inverts like ants etc. They dont make webs to catch prey but pounce on they're victims. They as many other hunting spiders, have 6 eyes instead of 8, they have evolved 2 larger eyes at the front with binocular vision!!! I'll try & bring you a video of one hunting in the wild. :)




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Alfredo Colon

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

zebra jumper

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings





Created: 8/3/2019

Last Updated:

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