black and yellow argiope

(Argiope aurantia)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

black and yellow argiope

NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common

Season

Large females seen late summer and fall

Habitat

Gardens, fields, roadsides

Size

Female: ¾ to 1 long

Male: ¼ to long

         
         
         
          Photo by Tom Baker

Identification

This may be the largest web-building spider in northern United States.

The adult female body is ¾ to 1 long.

The abdomen is egg-shaped and black. There is a vertical row of bold yellow spots on each side of the abdomen and two or three pairs of yellow spots in the middle.

The covering (carapace) of the front segment of the spider’s body (cephalothorax) is densely covered with short, silvery hairs. The sternum is black with a yellow vertical stripe.

The legs are ¾ to 2¾ long. The front legs are black with black femurs. The other legs are black with yellow femurs. Sometimes there are yellow bands on the legs. There are three claws on each foot.

The male is much smaller, ¼ to long.

 
Web

The web is constructed vertically in a sunny location with a nearby retreat. It is flat, circular, and up to 24 or more in diameter, with 30 to 50 lines (spokes) radiating from the center. It is decorated with a pair conspicuous, zigzag, vertical lines (stabilimenta), one above and one below the center. The stabilimenta are made of multiple threads of non-sticky silk.

The purpose of the stabilimenta is a matter of debate. Some think that because they are highly reflective of ultraviolet light their purpose is to attract insects. Others believe that their purpose is to prevent damage to the web by making it visible to low flying birds. A study in 1998 supports the latter position.

 
Similar
Species

 


Food

Large flying insects

 
Life Cycle

After mating, the female produces usually 1 to 3, rarely 4, egg sacs and attaches them to her web. Each egg sac is round, papery, up to 1 in diameter, and contains 300 to 1,400 eggs. The eggs hatch in late summer or fall. The hatchlings overwinter in the egg sac, not leaving it until the spring of the following year.

Adults die in the first frost of the fall, having lived just over one year.

 
Behavior

Adults are active day and night. The female sits head down in the center of her web, or concealed nearby in a rolled leaf, waiting for prey to be caught in the web.


Distribution Distribution Map   No information available

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Order:

Araneae (spiders)

 

Suborder:

Araneomorphae

 

No Rank:

Entelegynae (eight-eyed spiders)

 

No Rank:

Orbicularia

 

Superfamily:

Araneoidea

 

Family:

Araneidae (orb weavers)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

black and yellow garden spider

black and yellow argiope

corn spider

writing spider

yellow garden argiope


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

carapace

On spiders, the hard, upper, shell-like covering of the cephalothorax.

 

cephalothorax

The front part of a spider’s body, composed of the head region and the thoracic area fused together. Eyes, legs, and antennae are attached to this part.

 

stabilimentum

A decoration of the web of certain orb spiders; thought to attract prey and conceal the spider.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
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Tom Baker


  black and yellow argiope   black and yellow argiope
       
  black and yellow argiope   black and yellow argiope

       
       

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Slideshows

   
  Black and Yellow Garden Spider
DianesDigitals
 
  Black and Yellow Garden Spider  
 
About

Copyright DianesDigitals

 
     
  Black-and-Yellow Argiope (Argiope aurantia)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Black-and-Yellow Argiope (Argiope aurantia)  
     
  Black-and-yellow Argiope (Argiope aurantia)
Bill Keim
 
  Black-and-yellow Argiope (Argiope aurantia)  
     
  Argiope aurantia (Yellow Garden Argiope)
Allen Chartier
 
  Argiope aurantia (Yellow Garden Argiope)  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
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Other Videos

 
  Garden Spider (Argiope Aurantia) vs. Cicada Killer (Sphecius Speciosus) PLEASE READ INFO
IloveSPIDERZ
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Nov 22, 2008

This is probably the best video I have concerning the Black and Yellow Argiope Spider. The largest garden spider of the northern United States vs. one of the largest wasps in the world. This cicada killer was considerabaly alot larger than the Black and Yellow Argiope Spider, and I have never seen anything like this!

Please Enjoy, and Happy Thanksgiving!

Best to watch in High qaulity!!!

THINGS TO WATCH FOR:
-At 3:52, you can see the wasp's huge stinger
-From 2:55-end of video, blurriness is GONE!!
-From 3:57- 4:40, the spider wraps the wasp for the last time
-From 4:40-4:53, you can see the spider biting the wasp with her fangs (better if watched in high qaulity).

I will continue posting more wildlife videos. Please feel free to subscribe!

 
     
  Female Black and Yellow Argiope Orb Weaver Spider - (Argiope aurantia)
Thomas Shahan
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Nov 22, 2009

She probably won't live much longer - these Argiopes supposedly live only a year and die during the winter - and it's already getting cold here.

For more spider photography and videos, head on over to www.ThomasShahan.com

 
     
  Argiope Aurantia Wrapping Egg Sack (5)
IloveSPIDERZ
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 8, 2007

This is about three hours after the argiope spider was persistently working on the egg sack, shown in the last video I posted. She is still working on the protective covering of that egg sack.

Please subscribe, and thanks for watching!

 
     

 

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Visitor Sightings

   
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Tom Baker
8/24/2012

 

black and yellow argiope


     
 

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