Bear’s Head Tooth

(Hericium americanum)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

Bear’s Head Tooth

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Fairly common in eastern Minnesota

Season

August through November

Habitat/Hosts

Forests and woodlands; hardwoods.

 

 

   
   
 

 

    Photo by Jill Jacobson
 
Identification

Bear’s Head Tooth is a fairly common and widespread edible fungus. It occurs in the United States east of the Great Plains, in southern Canada, and in Central America. In the United States it is most common in the Northeast and upper Midwest. It is fairly common in eastern Minnesota. Reports of it in the west may be misidentified specimens of Hericium abietis. It is found in woodlands where it gets its nutrients from decaying wood (saprobic), and possibly from living wood (parasitic) when it first appears. It grows alone or in groups on dead hardwood logs and stumps, and on wounds of living hardwoods. It rarely grows on conifers.

When it first appears, the fruiting body is knobby and toothless. At this stage it cannot be distinguished from the two other Hericium species that also occur in Minnesota. The mature fruiting body is a 6 to 12 (15 to 30 cm) in diameter compact cluster of forked, spine-bearing branches. It is white when young, turning yellowish or brownish as it ages. The branches rise from a thick base. At the end of each branch there is a cluster of numerous, densely packed spines that hang downward like icicles. The spines can be 3 16 to 1½ (5 to 40 mm) long, but are mostly more than long. There is often also a row of spines hanging from the underside of the branch like the teeth of a comb.

The flesh is white and edible when young and still white. It does not discolor when cut.

The spore print is white.

 
Similar
Species

Coral Tooth Fungus (Hericium coralloides) spines are short, no more than long.

Lion’s Mane (Hericium erinaceus) is an unbranched, cushion-shaped mass of closely packed spines. The spines are ¾ to 2 long or longer. It is rare in Minnesota.

 
Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 4, 24, 26, 29, 30, 77.

 
Comments

Taxonomy
This species was first described in 1984. Older texts often used the name Hericium coralloides for this species and the name Hericium laciniatum for what is now called Hericium coralloides.

What’s in a Name?
The common name Lion’s Mane refers to the species Hericium erinaceus. It is also the name of the genus Hericium.

 
Taxonomy

Division:

Basidiomycota (club fungi)

 

Subdivision:

Agaricomycotina (jelly fungi, yeasts, and mushrooms)

 

Class:

Agaricomycetes (mushroom-forming fungi)

 

No Rank:

Agaricomycetes incertae sedis

 

Order:

Russulales

 

Family:

Hericiaceae

 
Synonyms

Hericium coralloides

 
Common
Names

Bear’s Head Tooth

Bear’s Head Tooth Fungus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Saprobic

Obtaining nutrients from non-living organic matter, such as decaying plant or animal matter.

       
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Jill Jacobson
       
  Bear’s Head Tooth    
       
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Other Videos
 
  Bear's Head Tooth - Hericium americanum
EdibleWildFood.com
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 19, 2017

Hericiums are easy to identify and they are edible. Always eat a very small amount in the beginning to find out whether your digestive system objects in any way. Just because a fungi is deemed "edible" does not mean some of us may have some reaction to it.

In the video I gave this particular Hericium the wrong name - and I apologise for this. Bear's Head Tooth is what you see in the video which is Hericium americanum. Western Canada and US there is lion's mane (Hericium erinaceus). There is also another edible look-a-like, Comb Tooth Fungus (Hericium coralloides).

These easy-to-identify fungi are highly beneficial to our health in many ways. For more information please check out the following links:

http://www.ediblewildfood.com/blog/2016/10/lions-mane-edible-and-medicinal-fungi/

http://www.ediblewildfood.com/bears-head-tooth.aspx

http://www.ediblewildfood.com/comb-tooth-fungus.aspx

https://latitudes.org/lions-mane-can-tame-anxiety/

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf404463v

   
       
  Lion's Mane / Hericium Americanum Mushroom ~ Hunt, & Identify ~ Minnesota Mushrooms
Twin Cities Adventures
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 8, 2018

lions mane mushroom,

   
       

 

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Jill Jacobson
9/11/2019

Location: Maplewood State Park

Bear’s Head Tooth


     
     
 
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Created: 9/22/2019

Last Updated:

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