Purple-gilled Laccaria

(Laccaria ochropurpurea)

Conservation Status
Purple-gilled Laccaria
Photo by Kirk Nelson
  IUCN Red List

not listed


not listed


not listed


Purple-gilled Laccaria is an easily recognized, robust, gill mushroom. It is common and widespread in eastern United States east of the Great Plains.

The vegetative (non-reproductive) part of the fungus (mycelium) grows on the rootlets of many species of trees and shrubs. It exists in a mutually beneficial (mycorrhizal) relationship, obtaining sugars and amino acids from the host while helping the host absorb water and nutrients. The fungus and the host need each other to survive.

The fruiting structure (mushroom) is 2 to 8 tall. It is found on the ground alone, scattered, or in clusters, in deciduous, coniferous, and mixed forests. The mushroom is short-lived, not surviving the winter. The mycelium may survive for decades.

The cap is 1 to 4¾ in diameter. It is broadly convex at first, becoming flat or with raised edges, sometimes with a depression in the middle, at maturity. It is light purplish-brown when young, becoming light brown when mature, and fading to grayish-white with age. The upper surface is dry and hairless or finely hairy. The margins rolled under at first, flattening out then becoming uplifted and sometimes wavy at maturity.

The gills are thick, somewhat waxy, well-spaced, and usually broadly attached to the stem, sometimes slightly continuing down the stem. The are dark purple or bright amethyst purple at first, fading with age and becoming dusted with white spores.

The stalk is 1¾ to 7½ tall, 3 16 to 1 thick, often curved, slightly swollen at the base, and evenly tapered to the top. It smooth or slightly scaly and colored the same as the cap.

The flesh is thick and colored similar to the cap or paler. It is edible but not tasty and not often collected for human consumption.

The spore print is white.


Similar Species

Habitat and Hosts

On the ground in deciduous and mixed forests




July to November


Distribution Map



4, 7, 24, 26, 29, 30, 77.




Common and widespread in eastern United States east of the Great Plains

  Kingdom Fungi (fungi)  
  Subkingdom Dikarya  
  Division Basidiomycota (club fungi)  
  Subdivision Agaricomycotina (jelly fungi, yeasts, and mushrooms)  
  Class Agaricomycetes (mushroom-forming fungi)  
  Subclass Agaricomycetidae  
  Order Agaricales (common gilled mushrooms and allies)  
  Family Hydnangiaceae  
  Genus Laccaria (laccarias)  

The genus Laccaria was formerly placed in the family Tricholomataceae, a waste-basket family containing a large number of genera that do not fit into another family or have not (yet) been separated into a distinct family. Some authors placed it into a separate family, Hydnangiaceae, based on its unique spore type. Subsequent DNA studies support this separation.




Agaricus ochropurpureus

Clitocybe ochropurpurea


Common Names


Purple Laccaria

Purple-gilled Laccaria










The vegetative part of a fungus; consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae, through which a fungus absorbs nutrients from its environment; and excluding the fruiting, reproductive structure.



A symbiotic, usually beneficial relationship between a fungus and the tiny rootlets of a plant, usually a tree.

Visitor Photos

Share your photo of this fungus.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.

Kirk Nelson


  Purple-gilled Laccaria    


  Purple-gilled Laccaria    
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos






Visitor Videos

Share your video of this fungus.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach a video, a YouTube link, or a cloud storage link.

Other Videos
  Purple Laccaria (Laccaria ochropurpurea), Lactarius volemus, Old Man of the Woods

Published on Sep 14, 2016




  On Purple-Gilled Laccarias
The Richest Fare

Published on Nov 2, 2016

In this video I give a brief overview of the Purple-Gilled Laccaria as a wild edible mushroom.

Go to therichestfare.com for more about real food, healthy living and spiritual encouragement.




Visitor Sightings

Report a sighting of this fungus.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.

Kirk Nelson

Location: Lebanon Hills Regional Park

Purple-gilled Laccaria

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings




Created: 9/16/2017

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2022 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.