Saffron Milk Cap

(Lactarius deliciosus)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

 

No Image Available

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Widespread and common

Season

Summer to fall

Habitat/Hosts

Mycorrhizal with spruces and other conifers


Identification

This is a common, large, brightly colored mushroom. It is found on the ground in hardwood and mixed hardwood and coniferous forests in the summer and fall. It grows on the roots of spruces and other conifers.

When young the cap is convex. There is a depression at the center of the cap and the margin is rolled inward. It is yellow-orange to orange with numerous purplish or saffron blotches, and may have concentric rings of color. It is dry, smooth, and 1½ to 6 in diameter. It exudes a carrot-colored latex or “milk” that does not change color. It is sticky or slimy when wet. As it ages the cap becomes broadly funnel-shaped. Older caps are irregularly tinged greenish.

The gills are pinkish-orange to saffron when young, becoming orange, then pistachio green at maturity. They are crowded and attached to the stem, running down the stem on mature mushrooms.

The stem is orange, smooth, short, stout, 1¼ to 2 tall, and to ¾ in diameter. It becomes hollow when it ages.

The flesh is pale yellowish. The taste is mild.

The spore print is pale ochre.

 
Similar
Species

Lactarius thyinos has orange milk and does not bruise green.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 4, 26, 29, 30.


Comments

 


Taxonomy

Division:

Basidiomycota (club fungi)

 

Subdivision:

Agaricomycotina (jelly fungi, yeasts, and mushrooms)

 

Class:

Agaricomycetes (mushroom-forming fungi)

 

No Rank:

Agaricomycetes incertae sedis

 

Order:

Russulales

 

Family:

Russulaceae

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

Delicious Milk Cap

Red Pine Mushroom

Saffron Milk Cap


 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

mycorrhizal

A symbiotic, usually beneficial relationship between a fungus and the tiny rootlets of a plant, usually a tree.

       

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Slideshows

   
  Saffron Cup Mushroom
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Saffron Cup Mushroom  
 
About

Lactarius deliciosus

 
     

 

slideshow

     

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Other Videos

 
  lactarius deliciosus
Domenico Memoli
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 15, 2011

No description available.

 
     
  Minnesota Saffron Milk Caps
Alan Bergo
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 8, 2013

No description available.

 
     
  Saffron Milk Caps
JsunLau
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 9, 2012

This abundant mushroom is a culinary pleasure, can be dried and pickled.

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this fungi or lichen.

JJ
9/12/2015

Location: 55606 (Hovland, MN)

found under dense stands of balsam fir. I've found these for a number of years in the area, typically while hunting hedgehogs.


     
     
 

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