Indian blanket

(Gaillardia pulchella var. pulchella)

Conservation Status
Indian blanket
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N4? - Apparently Secure

SNA - Not applicable

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

UPL - Obligate upland

     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

UPL - Obligate upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Indian blanket is a showy, easily identified, 4 to 24 tall, erect, annual forb that rises from a taproot.

The stems are usually erect, sometimes ascending, and usually branched. They are finely ridged and moderately to densely covered with soft, curled hairs.

The leaves are alternate, linear, oblong, or spoon-shaped, to 4¾ long, and to 1 wide. Lower leaves are on short leaf stalks, middle and upper leaves are stalkless, upper leaves are more or less clasping. The leaf blades may be unlobed or shallowly or deeply lobed (pinnatifid). The upper and lower surfaces are somewhat rough to the touch and are densely covered with short, curled hairs. The margins may be toothed or untoothed and may be wavy.

The inflorescence is a solitary flower head on a 1¼ to 8 long stalk at the end of the stem and branches.

The whorl of bracts at the base of the flower head (involucre) is cup-shaped, 5 16 to long, and 11 16 to 1 in diameter. The bracts of the involucre are narrowly triangular and usually fringed with hairs. They are spreading or bent backward at flowering.

The flower head is 1 to 3 in diameter. There are 8 to 14 ray florets and 40 to 100 or more disk florets. The ray florets are ½ to 13 16 long, narrow at the base, broad in the middle, and 3-lobed at the tip. They are reddish to purplish, rarely yellow, from the base to above the middle, yellow or orange at the tip. The outer (lower) surface of the ray florets is hairy. The disk florets are yellowish to purple or brown.

The fruit is a dry, one-seeded, 1 16 long seed capsule (cypsela).

 
     
 

Height

 
 

4 to 24

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Reddish to purplish and yellow

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Blanket flower (Gaillardia aristata) is a native perennial. The rays have more yellow—at least the outer half of the ray is yellow or yellow tinged with red. The cypselas are twice as long, to 3 16 long.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry. Full sun.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

May to August

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 7, 28, 30.

 
  9/3/2020      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native to Nebraska, Colorado, Montana, Virginia, Florida, and northern Mexico. Introduced.

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Uncommon, scattered

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Asterales (sunflowers, bellflowers, fanflowers, and allies)  
 

Family

Asteraceae (sunflowers, daisies, asters, and allies)  
  Subfamily Asteroideae  
  Supertribe Helianthodae  
  Tribe Helenieae (sneezeweed)  
  Subtribe Gaillardiinae  
  Genus Gaillardia  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Gaillardia drummondii

Gaillardia neomexicana

Gaillardia picta

Gaillardia pulchella var. australis

Gaillardia pulchella var. pict

Gaillardia pulchella var. pulchella

Gaillardia villosa

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

firewheel

fire-wheel

Indian blanket

Indian blanket-flower

Indianblanket

rosering gaillardia

rose-ring blanket-flower

rose-ring gaillardia

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Clasping

Describing a leaf that wholly or partly surrounds the stem but does not fuse at the base.

 

Cypsela

A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded seed capsule, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed from the wall of the inferior ovary and also from other tissues derived from the receptacle or hypanthium, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.

 

Involucre

A whorl of bracts beneath or surrounding a flower or flower cluster.

 

Linear

Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.

 

Pinnatifid

Deeply cut, more than half way to the midrib but not to the midrib, into lobes that are spaced out along the midrib; the lobes do not form separate leaflets.

       
Visitor Photos
   

Share your photo of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.

       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Plant

  Indian blanket   Indian blanket
       
  Indian blanket    
       

Flower Head

  Indian blanket   Indian blanket
       
  Indian blanket    
       

Involucre

  Indian blanket    
       

Stem Leaves

  Indian blanket    
       

Basal Leaves

  Indian blanket    
       

Infructescence

  Indian blanket    
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Blanket Flower
DianesDigitals
 
  Blanket Flower  
 
About

Copyright DianesDigitals

 
     
  Indian Blanket (Gaillardia pulchella)
Bill Keim
 
  Indian Blanket (Gaillardia pulchella)  
     
  Gaillardia pulchella (Blanket-Flower)
Allen Chartier
 
  Gaillardia pulchella (Blanket-Flower)  
     
  Firewheels
RangeShots
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 3, 2013

Gaillardia pulchella: Firewheel, Indian Blanket - Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Native to U.S.

Firewheel or indian blanket is a popular annual growing 1-2 ft. tall. The hairy stem is usually much-branched and becomes woody at the base late in the season. Branched stems, mostly leafy near the base, have showy flower heads with rays red at base, tipped with yellow, each with 3 teeth at broad end. The well-known flower heads are 1-2 in. across with a red center and a yellow outer band. Occasionally the three-cleft rays are solid orange or yellow. The disk flowers in the center are brownish red.

Frequent along roadsides in the Southwest, these wildflowers stand like hundreds of showy Fourth of July pinwheels at the top of slender stalks. Varieties are popular in cultivation, for they tolerate heat and dryness. Among several species in the Southwest, some flowers are entirely yellow.

http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=GAPU

Happy Independence Day!

 
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

Share your video of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more videos or YouTube links and, if you like, a caption.

       
       
Other Videos
 
  Gaillardia pulchella Indian Blanket Flower
dullard69
 
   
 
About

Published on May 30, 2013

An attractive member of the daisy family. It is very salt tolerant and will take dry conditions.

   
       
  PlayMemories. Indian Blanket. Texas wildflowers.
Bloggie78660
 
   
 
About

Published on May 12, 2013

Gaillardia pulchella (Firewheel, Indian blanket, Indian Blanketflower, or Sundance). Texas wildflowers. Gilleland Creek Trail. May 12, 2013.

Indian blanket is commonly used in roadside & meadow plantings, tolerates heat and dryness.

Oklahoma designated Indian Blanket as the official state wildflower in 1986. Also called firewheel, the Indian blanket flower is a symbol of Oklahoma's scenic beauty as well as the state's Indian heritage. Kiowa considered it good luck.

Sony DSC-HX20V. 20x Optical Zoom.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

Report a sighting of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.

     
     
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

 

 

Binoculars


Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2022 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.