cut-leaved toothwort

(Cardamine concatenata)

Conservation Status
cut-leaved toothwort
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Cut-leaved toothwort is an erect, perennial forb that rises from rhizomes. The rhizomes are constricted at intervals of ¾ to 1 resembling a string of beads. It will often form colonies when conditions are optimal.

The stems are erect and unbranched. They are hairless near the base, and are covered with short, spreading hairs above the middle. A single whorl of 3 leaves appears on the stem above the middle.

Basal leaves are on long leaf stalks and are similar to stem leaves. They are usually gone by the time the plant is in full flower. Stem leaves are stalked, up to 3 long and across. They are deeply palmately divided into 3 narrow lobes. The two lateral lobes often have secondary lobes, giving the overall appearance of a 5 lobed leaf. The lobes are linear to lance-shaped, up to 2 long and wide. The margins may be shallowly or deeply toothed, or cut into narrow, irregular lobes.

The inflorescence is a loose, unbranched, elongated cluster at the end of the stem.

The flowers are to ¾ long and fragrant. They have 4 narrow, white to pink petals and 6 stamens.

The fruit is a narrow, ¾ to 1½ long, erect, cylindrical pod.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

8 to 16

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White to pink

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moderate moisture. Woods.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to May

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

 

 
     
 

Defense Mechanisms

 
 

This and other mustards (family Brassicaceae) produce chemical compounds when cells are damaged that are toxic to most animals, fungi, and bacteria.

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

 
  5/19/2020      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Subclass Rosidae  
  Superorder Rosanae  
 

Order

Brassicales (Mustards, Capers, and Allies)  
 

Family

Brassicaceae (mustard)  
  Tribe Cardamineae  
 

Genus

Cardamine (bittercress)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Cardamine laciniata

Dentaria concatenata

Dentaria concatenata var. coalescens

Dentaria laciniata

Dentaria laciniata var. integra

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

cut-leaf toothwort

cut-leaved toothwort

cutleaf toothwort

five-parted toothwort

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Palmately divided

Similar to a hand. Having more than three lobes that radiate from a single point at the base of the leaf.

 

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

       
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Kirk Nelson
       
  cut-leaved toothwort    
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Habitat

  cut-leaved toothwort   cut-leaved toothwort
       

Colony

  cut-leaved toothwort   cut-leaved toothwort
       
  cut-leaved toothwort    
       

Plant

  cut-leaved toothwort   cut-leaved toothwort
       
  cut-leaved toothwort   cut-leaved toothwort
       

Inflorescence

  cut-leaved toothwort   cut-leaved toothwort
       

Flowers

  cut-leaved toothwort    
       

Leaves

  cut-leaved toothwort    
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Cardamine concatenata
Zi W
 
  Cardamine concatenata  
     
  Cut-leaved Toothwort (Cardamine concatenata)
Bill Keim
 
  Cut-leaved Toothwort (Cardamine concatenata)  

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Cutleaf Toothwort By The Eno
adamitshelanu
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 24, 2013

Cutleaf Toothwort By The Eno

Uncle Steve examines a Spring wildflower just beginning to blossom by the Eno River upstream from the Cole Mill Access of the Eno River State Park in Durham County, North Carolina.

He has identified it as: Cutleaf Toothwort
Cardamine concatenata (Synonym: Dentaria laciniata)

Date: 23 MARCH 2013

[vado sansa canon avidemux audacity inkscape irfanview]

   
       
  Cutleaf toothwort(Cardamine concatenata
wvoutdoorman
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 23, 2012

Cutleaf toothwort(Cardamine concatenata

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
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Kirk Nelson
4/23/2016

Location: Prairie Creek Woods SNA

cut-leaved toothwort


     
     
 
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