hairy goldenrod

(Solidago hispida)

Conservation Status
hairy goldenrod
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Hairy goldenrod is a 8 to 40 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises usually on a single stem from a branched caudex. It usually does not produce rhizomes and it does not form clumps.

The stem is erect, unbranched, and leafy, with several fine, longitudinal ridges or grooves. It is moderately to densely covered with spreading hairs. Occasionally, the hairs are mostly appressed.

Stem leaves are alternate. Basal and lower stem leaves are attached to the stem on a long winged leaf stalk (petiole). They are 2to 8 long including the leaf stalk, and ½ to 2 wide. The leaf blades are broad, inversely lance-shaped to inversely egg-shaped, with the attachment at the narrow end, or elliptic. They are tapered to the winged petiole at the base and taper to a sharp point at the tip with straight sides along the tip. There is one main vein. The margins may have sharp, forward-pointing teeth or rounded teeth, or they may be almost untoothed. The upper and lower surfaces are moderately to densely covered with spreading hairs. Occasionally, the hairs are mostly appressed. Basal leaves are usually present at flowering. There is often an additional rosette of basal leaves on the ground near the stem.

Middle and upper stem leaves are lance-shaped to elliptic or inversely egg-shaped. They are to 3 long, becoming rapidly smaller as they ascend the stem. They are attached to the stem without a leaf stalk. The margins on the leaves near the top of the stem are untoothed.

The inflorescence is a branched cluster of short, unbranched clusters (racemes) rising from the upper leaf axils. The close spacing of the upper leaf axils and the shortness of the racemes combine to give the inflorescence the appearance of a spike at the end of the stem. This false spike can be 10 or more long and have 8 to 250 or more flower heads. The flower heads in the the racemes are oriented in several directions.

Each flower head has 6 to 14 yellow ray florets and 6 to 12 yellow disk florets.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

8 to 40

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Yellow ray flowers, yellow disk flowers

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moderate moisture to dry. Woods, roadsides. Full or partial sun.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

July to October

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

 

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28, 29, 30.

 
  5/20/2022      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Asterales (sunflowers, bellflowers, fanflowers, and allies)  
 

Family

Asteraceae (sunflowers, daisies, asters, and allies)  
  Subfamily Asteroideae  
  Supertribe Asterodae  
  Tribe Astereae (asters and allies)  
  Subtribe Solidagininae  
  Genus Solidago (goldenrod)  
  Section Solidago  
  Subsection Squarrosae  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Up to six varieties have been described based on pubescence and other minor variations. Most taxonomists do not recognize any varieties.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Solidago bicolor var. concolor

Solidago bicolor var. lanata

Solidago bicolor var. ovalis

Solidago bicolor var. tonsa

Solidago hispida var. arnoglossa

Solidago hispida var. hispida

Solidago hispida var. lanata

Solidago hispida var. tonsa

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

hairy goldenrod

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Axil

The upper angle where the leaf stalk meets the stem.

 

Caudex

A short, sometimes woody, persistent stem, at or below ground level, from which aerial stems arise each year.

 

Petiole

The stalk of a leaf blade or compound leaf that attaches the leaf blade to the stem.

 

Raceme

An unbranched, elongated inflorescence with stalked flowers. The flowers mature from the bottom up.

 

Winged leaf stalk

A leaf stalk with a leaf-like or membrane-like extension along both sides.

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

Share your photo of this plant.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.
 
 

Luciearl

 
    hairy goldenrod      
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Plant

 
    hairy goldenrod   hairy goldenrod  
           
    hairy goldenrod      
           
 

Inflorescence

 
    hairy goldenrod      
           
 

Leaves

 
    hairy goldenrod   hairy goldenrod  

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
Solidago hispida
Corey Raimond
  Solidago hispida  

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

Share your video of this plant.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach a video, a YouTube link, or a cloud storage link.
 
 

 

 
     
     
       
       
 
Other Videos
 
     
     
     

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Report a sighting of this plant.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.
 
  Luciearl
8/22/2018

Location: Fairview Twp., Cass County

hairy goldenrod  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
   

 

 

Binoculars


Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2022 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.