jeweled shooting star

(Primula fassettii)

Conservation Status
jeweled shooting star
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N4 - Apparently Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

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Description
 
 

Jeweled shooting star is a 8 to 24 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises from fibrous, slightly thickened roots. The roots produce a rosette of basal leaves and one or more flowering stalks.

There is no central stem.

The leaves are all basal. They are oblong or oblong lance-shaped, 2 to 8 long, but usually no longer than 4, and ¾ to 2½ wide. They are rounded or blunt at the tip, taper gradually to the leaf stalk, and are reddish at the base and along the single, conspicuous midvein. The margins are untoothed. The upper and lower surfaces are hairless.

The inflorescence is an umbel of 4 to 25 flowers at the end of a leafless, hairless, flowering stalk (scape).

The flowers are to 1 long and hang downward at the end of 1½ long, arching flower stalks. The 5 petals are usually magenta, occasionally lighter pink, rarely white, with a white band, a yellow band, and maroon spots near the base. They are bent back strongly near the base and are held mostly erect. There are 5 stamens with anthers fused into a cone-shaped tube. There is no floral scent.

The fruit is an egg-shaped, dark reddish-brown capsule, ¼ to long, about 3 times as long as wide, with many seeds. The wall of the capsule is thin and flexible. The capsule splits at the bottom.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

8 to 24

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Magenta or pink

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Prairie shooting star (Primula meadia) petals are white, light pink, or rosy pink, rarely magenta. The wall of the capsule is thick and firm.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moist. Hillsides. Full or partial sun.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to June

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

 
  12/30/2011      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Rare in Minnesota

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Ericales (heathers, balsams, primroses, and allies)  
 

Family

Primulaceae (primrose)  
  Subfamily Primuloideae  
  Tribe Primuleae  
 

Genus

Primula (shooting star, primrose)  
  Subgenus Auriculastrum  
  Section Dodecatheon (shooting star)  
       
 

Species in the section Dodecatheon were formerly placed in the genus Dodecatheon. They were transferred to the genus Primula, subgenus Auriculastrum, in 2007. The transfer made Primula monophyletic and valid, where it had previously been paraphyletic and invalid.

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
       
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Dodecatheon amethystinum

Dodecatheon meadi var. amethystinum

Dodecatheon radicatum var. radicatum

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

amethyst shooting star

jeweled shooting star

jeweled shooting-star

jeweled shootingstar

western shooting star

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Scape

An erect, leafless stalk growing from the rootstock and supporting a flower or a flower cluster.

 

Umbel

A flat-topped or convex, umbrella-shaped cluster of flowers or buds arising from more or less a single point.

       
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Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Dodecatheon amethystinum
Joshua Mayer
 
  Dodecatheon  amethystinum  
 
About

Jeweled Shooting Star

 
     

 

slideshow

       
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