pearly everlasting

(Anaphalis margaritacea)

Conservation Status
pearly everlasting
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N4N5 - Apparently Secure to Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Pearly everlasting is a 8 to 32 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises usually on a single stem from a slender, horizontal, underground stem (rhizome) and fibrous roots.

The stems are very leafy, usually erect, and often branched. They are densely and closely covered with white, woolly hairs. As the stem ages the hairs become tan to rust colored and less dense. There are no glands on the stem. The sap is not milky. The plant is not aromatic.

Stem leaves are alternate, numerous, stalkless, and linear to lance-shaped. Lower stem leaves are up to 4¾ long and up to about wide. The leaf blade is bluntly to sharply pointed at the tip. It is wedge-shaped and sometimes slightly expanded and clasping at the base. The base of the blade extends down the stem. There is a prominent central vein and two faint lateral veins that arch toward the tip. The lower surface is densely covered with white woolly hairs, becoming less hairy with age. The upper surface is dark green and usually less hairy, becoming almost hairless with age. There are no glands on the leaf surfaces, or, if present, the glands are very sparse and inconspicuous. The margins are untoothed and are sometimes curled under.

Basal leaves are similar in size and shape to lower stem leaves. They are usually absent by flowering time.

The inflorescence is a short, broad, rounded to almost flat-topped, branched cluster (panicle) of numerous crowded flower heads at the end of the stem and branches. The individual flower heads are no more than wide. They are globe-shaped and are on to 5 16 long, densely hairy stalks. Male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers are borne on separate plants. Female flower heads usually have a few staminate flowers, however the plants are not self-fertile. Separate male and female plants must be present to produce seed.

The base of the flower head (involucre) is broadly egg-shaped to cup shaped and 3 16 to ¼ high. It is composed of 8 to 12 overlapping series of modified leaves (bracts). The involucral bracts (phyllaries) are egg-shaped to nearly linear, mostly bluntly pointed at the tip, and mostly loosely appressed. They are bright white, opaque, and usually slightly shiny, at least above the middle, and brownish at the base. When the pistillate flower is in fruit the bracts dry and spread widely.

Female flower heads have a compact disk-like arrangement of 50 to 150 or more pistillate flowers and usually 2 to 4 staminate flowers at the center. The flowers are yellow to greenish-yellow. Male flower heads have 30 to 55 all staminate flowers.

The fruit is a dry, brown, one-seeded, 1 64 to 1 32 long seed capsule (cypsela) with a tuft of 10 to 20 short bristles (pappus) attached to the end. The pappi fall off readily.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

8 to 32

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White bracts, yellowish disk

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Rabbit-tobacco (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium) flower heads are narrow, twice as long as wide. All flower heads have marginal pistillate flowers and central perfect (with both staminate and pistillate parts) flowers.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry. Woodland and forest edges and openings, fields, roadsides, and other disturbed sites. Full sun to partial shade.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

July to September

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28

 
  12/26/2011      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Asterales (sunflowers, bellflowers, fanflowers, and allies)  
 

Family

Asteraceae (sunflowers, daisies, asters, and allies)  
  Subfamily Asteroideae  
  Supertribe Asterodae  
  Tribe Gnaphalieae (paper daisies)  
  Genus Anaphalis (pearly everlasting)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Anaphalis margaritacea var. angustior

Anaphalis margaritacea var. intercedens

Anaphalis margaritacea var. occidentalis

Anaphalis margaritacea var. revoluta

Anaphalis margaritacea var. subalpina

Anaphalis occidentalis

Gnaphalium margaritaceum

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

common pearleverlasting

pearly everlasting

pearly-everlasting

western pearly everlasting

western pearlyeverlasting

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk or flower cluster.

 

Cypsela

A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded seed capsule, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed from the wall of the inferior ovary and also from other tissues derived from the receptacle or hypanthium, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.

 

Involucre

A whorl of bracts beneath or surrounding a flower or flower cluster.

 

Linear

Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.

 

Panicle

A pyramidal inflorescence with a main stem and branches. Flowers on the lower, longer branches mature earlier than those on the shorter, upper ones.

 

Pappus

The modified calyx composed of awns, scales, bristles, or feather-like hairs in plants of the Asteraceae family.

 

Perfect

Referring to a flower that has both male and female reproductive organs.

 

Phyllary

An individual bract within the involucre of a plant in the Asteraceae family.

 

Pistillate

Referring to a flower that has a female reproductive organ (pistil) but does not have male reproductive organs (stamens).

 

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

Staminate

Referring to a flower that has a male reproductive organs (stamens) but does not have a female reproductive organ (pistil

 

       
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Luciearl
       
  pearly everlasting   pearly everlasting
       
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Plant

  pearly everlasting   pearly everlasting
       

Inflorescence

  pearly everlasting   pearly everlasting
       
  pearly everlasting    
       

Flower Heads

  pearly everlasting   pearly everlasting
       
  pearly everlasting    
       

Leaves

  pearly everlasting    
       
       

 

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Other Videos
 
  Western Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea)
Wandering Sole TV
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 26, 2013

Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea), a member of the Asteraceae (sunflower) family, growing in the East Kootenays of British Columbia. The flowers maintain their colour and shape until the first snows of winter, or when dried - giving the plant its "everlasting" name. They usually do not bloom until mid to late summer, but they really arrived early this year. I've been seeing them since early July.

The Nlaka'pmx peoples used the plant to treat rheumatic fever and coughs, while the Okanagan peoples made a tea from the roots in order to treat upset stomachs.

   
       
  Anaphalis margaritacea
wetvideocamera
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 12, 2013

Pearly Everlasting is a member of the Aster or Asteraceae family. Its showy white blooms can last into the winter.

   
       
  yellow jacket on pearly everlasting
Crystal Colby Mulry
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 29, 2013

No description available.

   
       
  Mountain Moment: Hover Fly Paradise
Mount Rainier National Park
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 13, 2013

Pearly everlasting is in peak bloom in the Paradise area of the park. Hover flies, which feed on wildflower pollen, also seem to be at their peak as is evident in this Mountain Moment. Hover flies mimic the bold yellow and black stripes of bees to avoid predators, but unlike bees have no stingers. In subalpine meadows, hover flies pollinate more flowers than bees. This footage was filmed alongside the Paradise Valley Road on September 3, 2013.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
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Luciearl
9/10/2020

Location: Lake Shore, MN

Growing in a nearby Tamarack swamp

pearly everlasting


     
     
 
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