silky prairie clover

(Dalea villosa var. villosa)

Conservation Status
silky prairie clover
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Silky prairie clover is a 8 to 20 tall, bushy, perennial forb that rises on one to several stems from a stout, woody taproot and caudex.

The stems ascending or reclining on the ground with just the tips ascending. They are branched at the base and are densely covered with long, soft, shaggy, unmatted hairs.

The leaves are alternate, numerous, crowded, 13 16 to 2 long, ½ to 1 wide, and on short stalks. They are pinnately divided into 9 to 21 leaflets, usually 11 to 17, always an odd number. There are often tight bundles of leaves in the leaf axils. At the base of the leaf stalk there is a pair of awl-shaped, leaf-like appendages (stipules).

The leaflets are closely spaces, narrowly elliptic or inversely lance-shaped, often more or less folded, 3 16 to long, and 1 16 to wide. The end leaflet is smaller than the two adjacent lateral leaflets. The upper and lower surfaces are densely covered with long, soft, shaggy, unmatted hairs. The margins are untoothed.

The inflorescence is a dense, cylinder-shaped spike of flowers at the end of each stem. When in fruit the spike is ¾ to 4 long and about 5 16 wide. The flowers at the base of the spike bloom first, progressing toward the tip, but more than half of the spike is in blossom at any one time. It often appears that the entire head is in flower at once.

The calyx is to 3 16 long, 10-ribbed, and densely covered with long, soft, shaggy, unmatted hairs. The flowers are about ¼ long and about ¼ wide, numerous, and pale rose-purple, rarely white. There have 5 white, long-clawed petals. The petals do not form the typical banner, wings and keel of most plants in the Pea family. Instead, there is a banner petal and four other petals fused at least part way with the 5 stamen bases and 4 staminodes into a floral tube.

The fruit is an oval pod about long with 1 seed.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

8 to 20

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Pale rose-purple

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea) stems, leaves, and calyces are hairless or sparsely hairy. The leaves have only 3 to 7, usually 5, leaflets. The leaflets are linear, not elliptic or lance-shaped. The flowering spike is no more than 2¾ long.

White prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida) stems, leaves, and calyces are hairless. The leaves have only 5 to 9, usually 7, leaflets. The flowering spike is no more than 2 long. The flowers are white.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry. Sandy prairies. Full sun.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

July to August

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

 
  1/5/2014      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Rosanae  
 

Order

Fabales (legumes, milkworts, and allies)  
 

Family

Fabaceae (peas, legumes)  
  Subfamily Faboideae (Papilionoideae)  
  Tribe Amorpheae  
 

Genus

Dalea (prairie clover)  
  Species Dalea candida (white prairie clover)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
       
       
 

Synonyms

 
  Petalostemon villosus  
       
 

Common Names

 
 

downy prairie-clover

silky prairie clover

silky prairie-clover

silky prairieclover

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Calyx

The group of outer floral leaves (sepals) below the petals, occasionally forming a tube.

 

Caudex

A short, thickened, woody, persistent enlargement of the stem, at or below ground level, used for water storage.

 

Pinnate

Having the leaflets of a compound leaf arranged on opposite sides of a common stalk.

 

Staminode

A modified stamen that produces no pollen. It often has no anther.

 

Stipule

A small, leaf-like, scale-like, glandular, or rarely spiny appendage found at the base of a leaf stalk, usually occurring in pairs and usually dropping soon.

       
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  silky prairie clover    
       

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  silky prairie clover   silky prairie clover
       
       

 

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