Fried Chicken Mushroom

(Lyophyllum decastes)

Conservation Status
Fried Chicken Mushroom
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

 
  NatureServe

not listed

 
  Minnesota

not listed

 
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Fried Chicken Mushroom is usually a small to medium-small mushroom, sometimes a larger mushroom when growing in clusters. It grows on the ground, usually in large, compact clumps, though solitary individuals are sometimes found.

The stalk is 1¼ to 3 long, to 1 thick, white to ivory, solid, fibrous, smooth, and dry. It sometimes turns brownish with age, especially near the base. There is no cup-like covering (volva) at the base of the stalk, and there are no remnants of a universal veil clinging to the stalk.

The cap is smooth, dark brown, grayish-brown, yellowish-brown, or tan, 1¼ to 4¾ in diameter, and sometimes lobed. It is sometimes deeply convex and bell-shaped, sometimes shallowly convex with a pointed center. The margins often turn up with age.

The flesh is white and has a mild odor.

The gills are closely spaced and white to grayish, becoming straw-colored with age. They are attached, sometimes completely attached (adnate), sometimes extending down along the stalk (decurrent), and sometimes completely attached but with a notch near, but not at, the stem (notched).

The spore print is white.

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat and Hosts
 
 

Roadsides, woodland trails, disturbed sites.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

Summer to fall

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

4, 7, 26, 29, 30, 77.

 
  9/20/2021      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Fungi (fungi)  
  Subkingdom Dikarya  
  Phylum Basidiomycota (club fungi)  
  Subphylum Agaricomycotina (jelly fungi, yeasts, and mushrooms)  
  Class Agaricomycetes (mushroom-forming fungi)  
  Subclass Agaricomycetidae  
  Order Agaricales (common gilled mushrooms and allies)  
  Suborder Tricholomatineae  
  Family Lyophyllaceae  
  Genus Lyophyllum (domecaps)  
       
 

Lyophyllum decastes is a species complex. Included in the complex are a possibly 5 species that are reproductively isolated from each other and are morphologically diverse. What they have in common is that they are drab in color, they grow in disturbed sites, and the microscopic spore-producing structures (basidia) on the vertical walls of the gills contain particles that darken dramatically when heated in acetocarmine, a biological staining solution.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Agaricus aggregatus

Agaricus decastes

Agaricus decastes var. decastes

Agaricus molybdinus

Agaricus subdecastes

Clitocybe aggregata

Clitocybe aggregata f. reducta

Clitocybe decastes

Clitocybe molybdina

Clitocybe subdecastes

Gyrophila aggregata

Lyophyllum aggregatum

Tricholoma aggregatum

Tricholoma amplum sensu

 
 

Common Names

 
 

Brauner Rasling

Chicken Mushroom

Clustered Domecap

Fried Chicken Mushroom

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Basidium

A microscopic, club-shaped structure on the underside of the cap of club fungi that produces spores.

 

Universal veil

An egg-like structure that envelopes all or most of a developing gill mushroom. Remnants of the universal veil sometimes visible on a mature mushroom are patchy warts on the cap, a ring on the stem, and a volva at the base of the stem.

 

Volva

Also called cup. A cup-like covering at the base of a mushroom stem, sometimes buried. It is the remnants of the universal veil ruptured by the mushroom pushing through. It is found on Amanita, Volvariella, and some other mushrooms.

 
 
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Jim Southerland

 
    Fried Chicken Mushroom   Fried Chicken Mushroom  
           
 
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    Fried Chicken Mushroom   Fried Chicken Mushroom  
           
    Fried Chicken Mushroom   Fried Chicken Mushroom  
           
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Other Videos
 
  lyophyllum_decastes.mpeg
Domenico Memoli
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 19, 2011

No description available.

 

 

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  Jim Southerland
9/8/2021

Location: Bartow County Ga.

Fried Chicken Mushroom

 
 

Jim Southerland
9/1/2021

Location: Bartow County Ga.

Fried Chicken Mushroom

 
           
 
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