Peeling Puffball

(Lycoperdon marginatum)

Conservation Status
Peeling Puffball
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

not listed

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Peeling Puffball is a very common and widespread, medium-sized puffball. It appears on the ground, individually, scattered, or in groups, usually in sandy soil. It is often found in the woods under deciduous or coniferous trees, but is also found in the open on roadsides and in waste places. It obtains its nutrients from decaying organic matter (saprobic).

The fruiting body is ¾ to 2 in diameter, sometimes wider, and ¾ to 2high. It is nearly globe-shaped or somewhat flattened at first, becoming broader than tall and sometimes pear-shaped at maturity. It has a short, tapered, rooting, sterile, stalk-like base that is usually well developed but inconspicuous.

The skin (peridium) is white or pinkish when young. It is covered with short, erect spines. The spines often aggregate in groups of 2 to 4 creating pyramid-shaped warts. As it ages, the outer, warty or spiny skin sloughs off in thick, irregular patches or chunks revealing the smooth, pale to dark brown inner skin below. When mature, a pore-like mouth develops at the top (apex) through which spores are released.

The flesh (spore mass) is white and firm when young, becoming greenish-brown and granular as it ages, and then grayish-brown and powdery when mature. It is reported as edible by some but reports vary and eating is not recommended.

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Gem-Studded Puffball (Lycoperdon perlatum) spines are smaller, do not aggregate into pyramidal warts, and rub off easily and individually. They do not break off in sheets.  
     
 
Habitat and Hosts
 
 

On the ground. In the woods under hardwoods or conifers; roadsides and waste places. Usually in sandy soil.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Season

 
 

June to October

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

4, 7, 24, 26, 29, 30.

 
  9/18/2020      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common and widespread

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Fungi (fungi)  
  Subkingdom Dikarya  
  Division Basidiomycota (club fungi)  
  Subdivision Agaricomycotina (jelly fungi, yeasts, and mushrooms)  
  Class Agaricomycetes (mushroom-forming fungi)  
  Subclass Agaricomycetidae  
  Order Agaricales (common gilled mushrooms and allies)  
  Suborder Suborder Agaricineae  
  Family Agaricaceae (field mushrooms and allies)  
  Genus Lycoperdon  
       
 

The genus Lycoperdon was formerly placed in the family Lycoperdaceae. Recent phylogenetic analysis showed that family to be a subgroup within the family Agaricaceae.

The genus name Lycoperdon is formed from the Latinized form of the Greek words lykos, meaning “wolf”, and perdesthai, meaning “to break wind”—wolf fart.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
  Lycoperdon candidum  
       
 

Common Names

 
 

Peeling Puffball

Spiny Puffball

White Puffball

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Peridium

The protective wall consisting of usually two, sometimes more layers, that encloses the spore mass of puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, false truffles and other gasteroid fungi.

 

Saprobic

Obtaining nutrients from non-living organic matter, such as decaying plant or animal matter.

       
Visitor Photos
   

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Jessica Marquez
       

Found some peeling puffballs/Lycoperdon marginatum at Oxbow Park in Byron, MN (Olmsted County) this morning.

Very prevalent along the mowed roadside trail where they are doing a prairie restoration. Must have been hundreds of them in various clusters (they weren't there last week so they recently appeared here!). I noticed our county didn't have any sightings listed for them on the map, so thought I'd shoot you an email! Attached is a picture.

  Peeling Puffball
       
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   
  Peeling Puffball   Peeling Puffball
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Lycoperdon marginatum - fungi kingdom
Nineli Lishina
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 24, 2015

Lycoperdon marginatum - fungi kingdom

 
     

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  puffball demise
Brett Litton
 
   
 
About

Published on Nov 19, 2012

the peeling puffball's final moments

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

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Jessica Marquez
9/16/2020

Location: Oxbow Park in Byron, MN (Olmsted County)

Found some peeling puffballs/Lycoperdon marginatum at Oxbow Park in Byron, MN (Olmsted County) this morning. Very prevalent along the mowed roadside trail where they are doing a prairie restoration. Must have been hundreds of them in various clusters (they weren't there last week so they recently appeared here!). I noticed our county didn't have any sightings listed for them on the map, so thought I'd shoot you an email! Attached is a picture.

Peeling Puffball


Joe Murphy
10/1/2018

Location: 44.154228, -91.971764

found near a sandy prairie bluff. Previously farmed strip


         
         
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