Stalked Scarlet Cup

(Sarcoscypha occidentalis)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

Stalked Scarlet Cup

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common

Season

Late spring to early autumn

Habitat/Hosts

Damp hardwood forests; fallen twigs and small branches, sometimes leaf litter.


Identification

This is a small, brightly colored but easily overlooked sac fungus. It is found singly or in clusters on fallen twigs of hardwoods on the forest floor, often burried under leaf litter. It sometimes appears to be growing out of the ground, but further inspection will uncover a buried twig.

The cap is cup-shaped or saucer-shaped and rarely more than ¾ in diameter. The inner (upper) surface of the cup is bright red and smooth. The outer surface is whitish and smooth. When young, the cup is curled unwards and has wavy, scalloped edges. On older specimens as the flesh dries the edges split and the color fades to yellow or orange.

The cap may be attached directly to the food source or with a stalk. When present, the stalk is white or whitish (more or less the color of the cap undersurface), to 13 16 long, and 1 32 to 1 16 thick.

The texture is fleshy or rubbery, becoming leathery as it dries.

 
Similar
Species

Scarlet Cup (Sarcoscypha austriaca) is much larger, ¾ to 2 in diameter, and does not have a stalk. It fruits early in the spring.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 4, 7, 26, 29, 30, 77.


Comments

 


Taxonomy

Division:

Ascomycota (sac fungi)

 

No Rank:

saccharomyceta

 

Subdivision:

Pezizomycotina

 

Class:

Pezizomycetes (apothecial fungi)

 

Order:

Pezizales (cup fungi)

 

Family:

Sarcoscyphaceae

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

Stalked Scarlet Cup

Western Scarlet Cup


 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this fungi or lichen.

       
       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
  Stalked Scarlet Cup   Stalked Scarlet Cup
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
     
     
     

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this fungi or lichen.

     
     

Other Videos

 
     
     
     
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this fungi or lichen.

     
     
 

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings

   


 

 

Binoculars

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2017 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.