Yellow Morel

(Morchella esculentoides)

Conservation Status
Yellow Morel
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

 
  NatureServe

not listed

 
  Minnesota

not listed

 
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Yellow Morel is a common, easily recognized mushroom. Morels are one of the “Foolproof Four”, the four most easily identified mushrooms.

It is found growing alone, scattered, or clustered on the ground under hardwoods, often poking through leaf litter.

The cap is hollow; usually egg-shaped with a blunt, cone-shaped tip; 1¼ to 4¼ long; and ¾ to 2wide. Sometimes it is round, cone-shaped, or irregular in shape. It is deeply pitted with irregularly shaped and randomly oriented pits. The edges of the pits are broadly angled, not sharp. The overall color of the cap is yellowish-brown. When young the cap is shallowly pitted, the ridges are yellow or whitish, and the pits are grayish-brown or dark brown. When mature the cap is deeply pitted and the ridges are the same color or slightly paler than the pits. The ridges do not darken or turn black with age. The margin of the cap is attached directly to the stalk but it is often creased at that point and may appear unattached.

The stalk is usually to 2 long, and to 1thick, usually shorter than the cap. In favorable conditions it may get much longer with age. It is hollow; whitish, pale yellowish-brown, or tan; and usually granular.

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  False Morel (Gyromitra esculenta) surface is folded, not pitted. The cap is not completely fused to the stem. The stem is not hollow. Poisonous.  
     
 
Habitat and Hosts
 
 

A wide variety of habitats, but especially in deciduous forests under a hardwood tree.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

May

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

4, 7, 24, 26, 29, 30.

 
  5/27/2022      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Fungi (fungi)  
  Subkingdom Dikarya  
  Phylum Ascomycota (sac fungi)  
  Subphylum Pezizomycotina  
  Class Pezizomycetes  
  Subclass Pezizomycetidae  
 

Order

Pezizales  
 

Family

Morchellaceae (morels and allies)  
 

Genus

Morchella (true morels)  
  Section Morchella (esculenta clade)  
       
 

This species was formerly knows as Morchella esculenta, a species common in both Europe and the United States. Recent extensive sampling showed the species to be endemic to Europe and the name could not be applied to North American morels. A taxonomic revision of Morchella published in 2017 renamed the North American morels previously known as M. esculenta as M. esculentoides.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Morchella esculenta

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

Common Morel

Yellow Morel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

State mushroom

Yellow Morel is the state mushroom of Minnesota.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Where to look

Morel hunters are notoriously loath to part with information about the location of morels, and will often give disinformation to those who ask. This is a tradition among morel hunters. Most print and online sources agree, however, that morels are often found at the base of elm trees that are either dead or are infected with dutch elm disease and dying.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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Bill Reynolds

 
    Yellow Morel   Yellow Morel  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
    Yellow Morel   Yellow Morel  
           
    Yellow Morel   Yellow Morel  

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
Morchella esculentoides (Yellow Morel)
Allen Chartier
  Morchella esculentoides (Yellow Morel)  

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

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Other Videos
 
  Morchella esculentoides The White Morel
Jack Skrceny
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Mar 28, 2007

A quick look at Morchella esculentoides. One of Michigan's spring time fungi. In Michigan, I think there are more morel pickers than deer hunters !

   
  The Mushroom Whisperer's
Jack Skrceny
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 11, 2009

Morchella esculentoides and Morchella Semilibera hunting May 10, 2009. A beautiful and productive day to be in the woods !!

   
  Morel Mushroom (Ascomycetes: Morchella esculentoides)
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 11, 2013

A mycological treat for epicurean foodies, a 20 cm Yellow Morel (Morchella esculentoides)! Photographed at the Turtle River State Park, North Dakota (11 June 2013).

   
  Morel mushrooms Morchella esculentoides
chefjoshuaj
 
   
 
About

Published on May 11, 2012

How to identify and find morels!

   

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

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  Bill Reynolds
5/27/2014

Location: Pennington Co Minnesota

I just check this area yesterday and not a sign.  Today, a couple of Morels freshly popping up.

Yes, that is Poison Ivy

Yellow Morel  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
   

 

 

Binoculars


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