Yellow Morel

(Morchella esculenta)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

Yellow Morel

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common

Season

May

Habitat/Hosts

A wide variety of habitats, but especially in deciduous forests under a hardwood tree.


Identification

This is a common, easily recognized mushroom. Morels are one of the “Foolproof Four”, the four most easily identified mushrooms.

It is found growing alone, scattered, or clustered on the ground under hardwoods, often poking through leaf litter.

The cap is hollow; usually egg-shaped with a blunt, cone-shaped tip; 1¼ to 4¼ long; and ¾ to 2wide. Sometimes it is round, cone-shaped, or irregular in shape. It is deeply pitted with irregularly shaped and randomly oriented pits. The edges of the pits are broadly angled, not sharp. The overall color of the cap is yellowish-brown. When young the cap is shallowly pitted, the ridges are yellow or whitish, and the pits are grayish-brown or dark brown. When mature the cap is deeply pitted and the ridges are the same color or slightly paler than the pits. The ridges do not turn black with age. The margin of the cap is attached directly to the stalk but it is often creased at that point and may appear unattached.

The stalk is usually to 2 long, and to 1thick, usually shorter than the cap. In favorable conditions it may get much longer with age. It is hollow; whitish, pale yellowish-brown, or tan; and usually granular.

 
Similar
Species

False Morel (Gyromitra esculenta) surface is folded, not pitted. The cap is not completely fused to the stem. The stem is not hollow. Poisonous.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 4, 7, 24, 26, 29, 30.


Comments

State Mushroom
This is the state mushroom of Minnesota.

Where to Look
Morel hunters are notoriously loath to part with information about the location of morels, and will often give disinformation to those who ask. This is a tradition among morel hunters. Most print and online sources agree, however, that morels are often found at the base of elm trees that are dead or infected with dutch elm disease and dying.


Taxonomy

Division:

Ascomycota (sac fungi)

 

No Rank:

saccharomyceta

 

Subdivision:

Pezizomycotina

 

Class:

Pezizomycetes (apothecial fungi)

 

Order:

Pezizales (cup fungi)

 

Family:

Morchellaceae (morels and allies)

 

Genus:

Morchella

 

No Rank:

Morchella esculenta clade

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

Common Morel

Yellow Morel


 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
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Bill Reynolds


  Yellow Morel   Yellow Morel

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
  Yellow Morel    
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Morchella esculenta (Yellow Morel)
Allen Chartier
 
  Morchella esculenta (Yellow Morel)  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this fungi or lichen.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  Morchella Esculenta The White Morel
Jack Skrceny
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Mar 28, 2007

A quick look at Morchella Esculenta. One of Michigan's spring time fungi. In Michigan, I think there are more morel pickers than deer hunters !

 
     
  The Mushroom Whisperer's
Jack Skrceny
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 11, 2009

Morchella Esculenta and Morchella Semilibera hunting May 10, 2009. A beautiful and productive day to be in the woods !!

 
     
  $ The Valuable Morel Mushroom (Morchella esculenta)
Journey Outdoors
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 22, 2012

How to find, identify and harvest Common Morels, Desired by chefs and sell for $50 a pound. Also know as yellow or white morel mushrooms, you must cook out the toxins before eating them and beware of "false morels". Morel hunting.

 
     
  Morel Mushroom (Ascomycetes: Morchella esculenta)
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 11, 2013

A mycological treat for epicurean foodies, a 20 cm Yellow Morel (Morchella esculenta)! Photographed at the Turtle River State Park, North Dakota (11 June 2013).

 
     
  Morel mushrooms morchella esculenta
chefjoshuaj
 
   
 
About

Published on May 11, 2012

How to identify and find morels!

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this fungi or lichen.

Bill Reynolds
5/27/2014

Location: Pennington Co Minnesota

I just check this area yesterday and not a sign.  Today, a couple of Morels freshly popping up.

Yes, that is Poison Ivy

Yellow Morel


     
     
 

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings

   

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

Minnesota Valley State Recreation Area
Lawrence Unit

Savage Fen SNA


 

 

Binoculars

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