Carolina geranium

(Geranium carolinianum var. carolinianum)

Conservation Status
Carolina geranium
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

 

     
  Midwest

 

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

 

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Carolina geranium is a 4 to 24 tall, annual forb rises on several stems from a central taproot. It is usually about 12 to 24 tall at maturity.

The stems are ascending, freely branched, and covered with soft, spreading hairs. Some of the upper branches have glandular hairs between the nodes.

The leaves are opposite, 1 to 2¾ wide, and palmately divided into 5 to 9 deep lobes, cut almost to the base. The leaf margins have widely spaced, deeply-cut teeth, that may amount to secondary lobes. The lobe tips are blunt.

The inflorescence is a tight cluster of many flowers in the upper leaf axils. The cluster is at the end of a long stalk. The individual flowers are on two shorter individual flower stalks that are about the same length as the sepals.

The flowers are to ½ (possibly ) wide with 5 petals and 5 sepals. The sepals have short, stiff bristles at their tips. The petals are pink and slightly notched at the tip.

The fruit is a 1 to 2 long, hairy capsule with a beak at the tip that is a little over 1/16 long. The fruit is in the shape of a crane’s bill, giving this plant one of its common names, Carolina Cranesbill.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

4 to 24

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Pink

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Bicknell’s cranesbill (Geranium bicknellii) leaves are divided into usually 5 deep lobes, cut almost to the base. The inflorescence is a cluster of 2 flowers at the end of a long stalk. The individual flowers are on two shorter individual flower stalks that are more than twice the length of the sepals. The fruit is ¾ to 1 long.

Meadow geranium (Geranium pratense) has no central stem, rather two basal leaves and a flowering stem with a single pair of opposite leaves. The leaf stalks and flower stalks are covered with sticky, glandular hairs. The inflorescence is a small cluster at the end of a long stalk. The flowers are large, 1 to 1½ wide. The flower petals are bright blue-violet and are rounded, not notched, at the tips. It is an introduced species. It has been recorded only in St. Louis County.

Robert’s Geranium (Geranium robertianum) leaves are divided into usually 3 to 5 leaflets. The leaflets are cut all the way to the base, with at least the terminal leaflet on an evident leaflet stalk. It has been recorded only in St. Louis County.

Siberian cranesbill (Geranium sibiricum) flowers occur singly or in pairs. The fruit has a beak at the tip that is a less than 1/16 long. It has been recorded only in Houston and Goodhue Counties.

Wild geranium (Geranium maculatum) has no central stem, rather two basal leaves and a flowering stem with a single pair of opposite leaves. The inflorescence is a flat or round topped cluster of 1 to 6 flowers at the end of a long stalk. The flowers are large, 1 to 1½ wide. The flower petals are rose-purple, pale purple, violet-purple or, rarely, white, with darker fine lines radiating from the center of the flower.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry. Disturbed areas. Full to partial sun.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

May to September

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

 
  1/1/2012      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Rosanae  
 

Order

Geraniales (geraniums, bridal wreaths, and allies)  
 

Family

Geraniaceae (geranium and cranesbill)  
 

Genus

Geranium  
  Subgenus Geranium  
  Section Geranium  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

Carolina geranium

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Axil

The upper angle where the leaf stalk meets the stem.

 

Glandular hairs

Hairs spread over aerial vegetation that secrete essential oils. The oils act to protect against herbivores and pathogens or, when on a flower part, attract pollinators. The hairs have a sticky or oily feel.

 

Node

The small swelling of the stem from which one or more leaves, branches, or buds originate.

 

Palmately divided

Similar to a hand. Having more than three lobes that radiate from a single point at the base of the leaf.

 

Sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

       
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Plant

  Carolina geranium    
       

Infructescence

  Carolina geranium    
       

Fruit

  Carolina geranium    
       
       

 

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Other Videos
 
  Carolina geranium
adamitshelanu
 
   
 
About

Published on May 3, 2013

Carolina geranium

Uncle Steve has been fishing along Crabtree Creek at Valley Mall in Raleigh, NC and finds clusters of the beautiful pink urban wildflower.

This wildflower (weed) is: Carolina geranium
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Cranesbill

Date: 01 MAY 2013

[vado avidemux audacity inkscape irfanview]

   
       
  アメリカフウロの花 / Bloom of Carolina cranesbill
nobushiryodang
 
   
 
About

Published on May 27, 2013

2013年5月1日撮影。和歌山県橋本市の紀ノ川堤防。アメリカフウロ(亜米利加風露­)の花。フウロソウ科フウロソウ属。北アメリカ原産の帰化植物。英名は"Caroli­na cranesbill, Carolina geranium"。花言葉は「誰か私に気付いて下さい」。

Translation:
Shooting May 1, 2013. Kinokawa embankment of Wakayama Hashimoto. Flowers (like America and Russia) Fuuro America. Geraniaceae Geraniales genus. Naturalized plants native to North America. The English name "Carolina cranesbill, Carolina geranium". "Please notice me someone" the language of flowers.

   
       

 

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