eastern fox squirrel

(Sciurus niger)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

eastern fox squirrel

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common

Habitat

Open woodlands with widely spaced trees and an open understory, hedgerows, city parks.

Lifespan

Adults live 8 to 18 years, but most young die before 1 year

Size

Head and body: 10 to 15

Tail: 9 to 14


Identification

This is a medium-sized tree squirrel, 10 to 15 in length not including the tail. The underside and backs of the ears are light reddish-brown. The guard hairs are tipped light reddish-brown. This is especially evident on the tail, which appears gray and reddish-brown.

 
Sign  
 
Similar
Species

Eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) is smaller, no more than 10 in length head to tail. The underside and backs of the ears are white or pale gray. The guard hairs are tipped whitish. The tail appears gray and white.


Food

 

 
Life Cycle

 

 
Behavior

 


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 7, 15, 29.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Order:

Rodentia (rodents)

 

Suborder:

Sciuromorpha (squirrels)

 

Family:

Sciuridae (chipmunks, marmots, squirrels)

 

Subfamily:

Sciurinae (tree squirrels, flying squirrels, and relatives)

 

Tribe:

Sciurini

 

Subtribe:

Sciurina

 

Genus:

Sciurus (tree squirrels)

 

Subgenus:

Sciurus

 
Subordinate Taxa

Bachman fox squirrel (Sciurus niger texianus)

Bachman’s fox squirrel (Sciurus niger bachmani)

big cypress fox squirrel (Sciurus niger avicennia)

Bryant’s fox squirrel (Sciurus niger bryanti)

Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel (Sciurus niger cinereus)

eastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger macroura)

eastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger ruber)

eastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger rubicaudatus)

eastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger sayii)

eastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger subauratus)

eastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger vicinus)

Louisiana fox squirrel (Sciurus niger ludovicianus)

northern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger neglectus)

Sherman’s fox squirrel (Sciurus niger shermani)

southeastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger niger)

Texas fox squirrel (Sciurus niger limitis)

vulpine Squirrel (Sciurus niger vulpinus)

western fox squirrel (Sciurus niger rufiventer)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

eastern fox squirrel

fox squirrel


 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

guard hair

A long, straight, coarse hair that projects beyond and lays over ground hairs; the two hair types, sometimes also with awn hairs, comprise the pelage in fur-bearing animals.

       

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
  eastern fox squirrel    
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Sciurus niger (Eastern Fox Squirrel)
Allen Chartier
 
  Sciurus niger (Eastern Fox Squirrel)  
     
  Fox Squirrel
Dan Dzurisin
 
  Fox Squirrel  
     
  Fox Squirrel Sciurus niger
HutsonScience
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 18, 2013

Tessa describes the importance of the fox squirrel to the shortgrass prairie.

 
     

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this mammal.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  Fox Squirrel (Sciurus, niger)
Kevin Cavallin
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Nov 6, 2011

This little guy started griping at me while I was filming him. I don't think he was happy with me.

 
     
  Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciuridae: Sciurus niger) Vocalizing
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 23, 2010

Photographed at Grand Forks, North Dakota (22 October 2010). Go here to learn more about this species: http://www.enature.com/fieldguides/detail.asp?recNum=MA0120

 
     
  mammals usa... fox squirrel
groenelantaarn
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 2, 2012

Sciurus niger
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA 27-07-2012

 
     

 

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