eastern fox squirrel

(Sciurus niger)

Conservation Status
eastern fox squirrel
Photo by Lynn Rubey
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

 
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

 
  Minnesota

not listed

 
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Eastern fox squirrel is a medium-sized tree squirrel, 10 to 15 in length not including the tail. The underside and backs of the ears are light reddish-brown. The guard hairs are tipped light reddish-brown. This is especially evident on the tail, which appears gray and reddish-brown.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Head and body: 10 to 15

Tail: 9 to 14

 
     
 

Sign

 
 

 

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) is smaller, no more than 10 in length head to tail. The underside and backs of the ears are white or pale gray. The guard hairs are tipped whitish. The tail appears gray and white.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Open woodlands with widely spaced trees and an open understory, hedgerows, city parks.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Behavior

 
 

 

 
     
 

Lifespan

 
 

Adults live 8 to 18 years, but most young die before 1 year

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

7, 15, 24, 29, 30, 76.

 
  8/18/2022      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Mammalia (mammals)  
  Subclass Theria  
  Infraclass Placentalia (placental mammals)  
  Superorder Euarchontoglires (primates, rodents, and allies)  
  Order Rodentiia (rodents)  
  Suborder Sciuromorpha (squirrels, dormice, and mountain beavers)  
 

Family

Sciuridae (squirrels)  
 

Subfamily

Sciurinae (typical and flying squirrels)  
  Tribe Sciurini (typical squirrels)  
  Subtribe Sciurina  
 

Genus

Sciurus (tree squirrels)  
  Subgenus Sciurus  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Bachman fox squirrel (Sciurus niger texianus)

big cypress fox squirrel (Sciurus niger avicennia)

Bryant’s fox squirrel (Sciurus niger bryanti)

Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel (Sciurus niger cinereus)

Delta fox squirrel (Sciurus niger subauratus)

Louisiana fox squirrel (Sciurus niger ludovicianus)

northern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger neglectus)

Sherman’s fox squirrel (Sciurus niger shermani)

southeastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger niger)

Texas fox squirrel (Sciurus niger limitis)

upland fox squirrel (Sciurus niger bachmani)

vulpine Squirrel (Sciurus niger vulpinus)

western fox squirrel (Sciurus niger rufiventer)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

eastern fox squirrel

fox squirrel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Guard hair

A long, straight, coarse hair that projects beyond and lays over ground hairs; the two hair types, sometimes also with awn hairs, comprise the pelage in fur-bearing animals.

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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Lynn Rubey

 
 

A Fox Squirrel alng a service road in The Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge. The Fox Squirrel is the largest tree squirrel native to North America.

  eastern fox squirrel  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
    eastern fox squirrel      

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
  Sciurus niger (Eastern Fox Squirrel)
Allen Chartier
 
  Sciurus niger (Eastern Fox Squirrel)  
  Fox Squirrel
Dan Dzurisin
 
  Fox Squirrel  
  Fox Squirrel Sciurus niger
HutsonScience
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 18, 2013

Tessa describes the importance of the fox squirrel to the shortgrass prairie.

 

 

slideshow

       
 
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Other Videos
 
  Fox Squirrel (Sciurus, niger)
Kevin Cavallin
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Nov 6, 2011

This little guy started griping at me while I was filming him. I don't think he was happy with me.

   
  Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciuridae: Sciurus niger) Vocalizing
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 23, 2010

Photographed at Grand Forks, North Dakota (22 October 2010). Go here to learn more about this species: http://www.enature.com/fieldguides/detail.asp?recNum=MA0120

   
  mammals usa... fox squirrel
groenelantaarn
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 2, 2012

Sciurus niger
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA 27-07-2012

   

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

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  Lynn Rubey
6/19/2019

Location: Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge

A Fox Squirrel alng a service road in The Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge. The Fox Squirrel is the largest tree squirrel native to North America.

eastern fox squirrel

 
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
   

 

 

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