coppery leafhopper

(Jikradia olitoria olitoria)

Conservation Status
coppery leafhopper
Photo by Alfredo Colon
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

not listed

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Coppery leafhopper is a common, medium-sized, slender leafhopper. It occurs throughout the eastern half of the United States and in adjacent Canadian provinces. In Minnesota it has been recorded only in the southeast quarter of the state. Little is known of the biology of leafhoppers in the subfamily Coelidiinae. Coppery leafhopper is said to feed on woody species. In 1975 it was suggested that the subspecies Jikradia olitoria floridana was a vector of strawberry pallidosis. This was later rejected when in 2006 the greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum was discovered to be the true vector of the disease.

Coppery leafhopper adults are ¼ to 516 (6 to 8 mm) in length and variable in color. They are usually light brownish-gray to medium brownish-black, sometimes dark and bluish, sometimes entirely light brownish-yellow. Females always have pale wing bands. Males are always dark brown or rusty brown and have no pale bands.

The head is narrower than the exoskeletal plate covering the thorax (pronotum). It is broadly rounded in front and is crowned just in front of the eyes. There are two large compound eyes and two tiny simple eyes (ocelli). The antennae are short and bristle-like. The plate on the lower face (clypeus) is long and narrow with parallel sides.

The pronotum does not extend over the abdomen. The width in the middle equals the width of the crown. The plate between the wing bases (scutellum) is large and triangular. It is slightly longer in the middle than the pronotum is wide.

There are two pairs of wings, and they are held tent-like over the body when at rest. The forewings (hemelytra) are thickened and long, extending almost to the tip of the abdomen. The veins on the hemelytra are distinct. The hindwings are thin, membranous, a little shorter than the hemelytra, and concealed beneath the hemelytra.

The fourth segment (tibia) of the hind leg has two rows of spines. The last part of the leg (tarsus), corresponding to a foot, has three segments.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total Length: ¼ to 516 (6 to 8 mm)

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

 

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

June to September

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

 

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Nymph Food

 
 

 

 
     
 

Adult Food

 
 

Plant juices from the stems and leaves of woody plants

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 27, 29, 30, 82, 83.

 
  7/10/2020      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)  
 

Suborder

Auchenorrhyncha (true hoppers)  
 

Infraorder

Cicadomorpha (spittlebugs, cicadas, leafhoppers and treehoppers)  
 

Superfamily

Membracoidea (leafhoppers and treehoppers)  
 

Family

Cicadellidae (typical leafhoppers)  
 

Subfamily

Deltocephalinae  
 

Tribe

Coelidiinae  
 

Genus

Jikradia  
       
 

This species was formerly classified as Coelidia olitoria. All New World species were transferred into the new genus Jikradia in 1979. The genus Coelidia now contains only Old World species.

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Three subspecies were described based on coloration. A recent review of the subspecies showed that individuals with the different color variations had the same male genitalia, and probably did not deserve subspecies ranking.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Coelidia olitoria

Jassus borealis

Jassus floridanus

Jassus fuscipennis

Jassus olitorius

Jassus semifasciatus

Jassus subbifasciatus

Jikradia olitorius

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

coppery leafhopper

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Clypeus

On insects, a hardened plate on the face above the upper lip (labrum).

 

Hemelytron

The forewing of true bugs (Order Hemiptera), thickened at the base and membranous at the tip. Plural: hemelytra.

 

Ocellus

Simple eye; an eye with a single lens. Plural: ocelli.

 

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

Scutellum

The exoskeletal plate covering the rearward (posterior) part of the middle segment of the thorax in some insects. In Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Homoptera, the dorsal, often triangular plate behind the pronotum and between the bases of the front wings. In Diptera, the exoskeletal plate between the abdomen and the thorax.

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Alfredo Colon
       
  coppery leafhopper   coppery leafhopper
       
  coppery leafhopper   coppery leafhopper
       
  coppery leafhopper   coppery leafhopper
       
  coppery leafhopper    
       
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Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Jikradia
Bill Keim
 
  Jikradia  
 
About

Family: Cicadellidae
Subfamily: Coelidiinae
Tribe: Teruliini
Genus: Jikradia

- Jikradia olitoria (Coppery Leafhopper)

 
     

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Coppery Leafhopper (Coelidia olitoria )
seahue
 
   
 
About

Aug 4, 2010

One beautiful leafhopper...looks like it is wearing a copper suit of armor.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
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Alfredo Colon
Summer 2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

coppery leafhopper


Alfredo Colon
8/29/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

coppery leafhopper


Alfredo Colon
8/9/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

coppery leafhopper


Alfredo Colon
8/7/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

coppery leafhopper


Alfredo Colon
8/2/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

coppery leafhopper


     
     
 
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Created: 7/10/2020

Last Updated:

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