coppery leafhopper

(Jikradia olitoria olitoria)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

coppery leafhopper

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common

Flight/Season

June to September

Habitat

 

Size

Total Length: ¼ to 516 (6 to 8 mm)

          Photo by Alfredo Colon
 
Identification

Coppery leafhopper is a common, medium-sized, slender leafhopper. It occurs throughout the eastern half of the United States and in adjacent Canadian provinces. In Minnesota it has been recorded only in the southeast quarter of the state. Little is known of the biology of leafhoppers in the subfamily Coelidiinae. Coppery leafhopper is said to feed on woody species. In 1975 it was suggested that the subspecies Jikradia olitoria floridana was a vector of strawberry pallidosis. This was later rejected when in 2006 the greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum was discovered to be the true vector of the disease.

Coppery leafhopper adults are ¼ to 516 (6 to 8 mm) in length and variable in color. They are usually light brownish-gray to medium brownish-black, sometimes dark and bluish, sometimes entirely light brownish-yellow. Females always have pale wing bands. Males are always dark brown or rusty brown and have no pale bands.

The head is narrower than the exoskeletal plate covering the thorax (pronotum). It is broadly rounded in front and is crowned just in front of the eyes. There are two large compound eyes and two tiny simple eyes (ocelli). The antennae are short and bristle-like. The plate on the lower face (clypeus) is long and narrow with parallel sides.

The pronotum does not extend over the abdomen. The width in the middle equals the width of the crown. The plate between the wing bases (scutellum) is large and triangular. It is slightly longer in the middle than the pronotum is wide.

There are two pairs of wings, and they are held tent-like over the body when at rest. The forewings (hemelytra) are thickened and long, extending almost to the tip of the abdomen. The veins on the hemelytra are distinct. The hindwings are thin, membranous, a little shorter than the hemelytra, and concealed beneath the hemelytra.

The fourth segment (tibia) of the hind leg has two rows of spines. The last part of the leg (tarsus), corresponding to a foot, has three segments.

 
Similar
Species

 

 
Larval Food

 

 
Adult Food

Plant juices from the stems and leaves of woody plants

 
Life Cycle

 

 
Behavior

 

 
Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 24, 27, 29, 30, 82, 83.

 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Order:

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)

 

No Rank:

Euhemiptera

 

No Rank:

Clypeorrhyncha

 

Suborder:

Auchenorrhyncha (free-living hemipterans)

 

Infraorder:

Cicadomorpha

 

Superfamily:

Membracoidea

 

Family:

Cicadellidae (leafhoppers)

 

Subfamily:

Coelidiinae

 

Genus:

Jikradia

   
 

This species was formerly classified as Coelidia olitoria. All New World species were transferred into the new genus Jikradia in 1979. The genus Coelidia now contains only Old World species.

 
Subordinate Taxa

There are two subspecies of coppery leafhopper. Only one, Jikradia olitoria olitoria, occurs in Minnesota.

 
Synonyms

Coelidia olitoria

Jassus borealis

Jassus floridanus

Jassus fuscipennis

 

Jassus olitorius

Jassus semifasciatus

Jassus subbifasciatus

Jikradia olitorius

 
Common
Names

coppery leafhopper

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Clypeus

On insects, a hardened plate on the face above the upper lip (labrum).

 

Hemelytron

The forewing of true bugs (Order Hemiptera), thickened at the base and membranous at the tip. Plural: hemelytra.

 

Ocellus

Simple eye; an eye with a single lens. Plural: ocelli.

 

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

Scutellum

The exoskeletal plate covering the rearward (posterior) part of the middle segment of the thorax in some insects. In Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Homoptera, the dorsal, often triangular plate behind the pronotum and between the bases of the front wings. In Diptera, the exoskeletal plate between the abdomen and the thorax.

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Alfredo Colon
       
  coppery leafhopper   coppery leafhopper
       
  coppery leafhopper   coppery leafhopper
       
  coppery leafhopper   coppery leafhopper
       
  coppery leafhopper    
       
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  Jikradia
Bill Keim
 
  Jikradia  
 
About

Family: Cicadellidae
Subfamily: Coelidiinae
Tribe: Teruliini
Genus: Jikradia

- Jikradia olitoria (Coppery Leafhopper)

 
     

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Coppery Leafhopper (Coelidia olitoria )
seahue
 
   
 
About

Aug 4, 2010

One beautiful leafhopper...looks like it is wearing a copper suit of armor.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
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Alfredo Colon
Summer 2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

coppery leafhopper


Alfredo Colon
8/29/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

coppery leafhopper


Alfredo Colon
8/9/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

coppery leafhopper


Alfredo Colon
8/7/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

coppery leafhopper


Alfredo Colon
8/2/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

coppery leafhopper


     
     
 
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Created: 7/10/2020

Last Updated:

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