downy leatherwing

(Podabrus tomentosus)

Conservation Status
downy leatherwing
Photo by Alfredo Colon
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Downy leatherwing is a small to medium-sized soldier beetle. It occurs in the eastern United States east of the Great Plains and adjacent Canadian provinces. It was once common but has been declining in the last 50 years, probably due to the introduction of competing non-native species. It is rare in the southeast, uncommon in Canada, more common in the Midwest, and less common in Minnesota where it is at the western edge of its range. It is found from late June to mid-August in prairies and meadows.

The body is soft, somewhat flattened, and elongated, ¼ to ½ (7 to 12 mm) long.

The exoskeletal plate covering the thorax (pronotum) is wider than long but less than 1.5 times as wide as long. It is widest just beyond the middle, slightly narrower at the front (apex) than at the rear (base), and the sides are broadly curved (bowed) outward. It is straight across at the front and does not conceal the head. It is glossy, entirely orangish-red, and sparsely covered with moderately short hairs. It is also sparsely covered with minute punctures. The space between the punctures is greater than the size of the punctures. On each side near the middle there is a small, raised, pear-shaped projection (tubercle) pointing to the center of the rear margin.

The wing covers (elytra) are black, leathery, flexible, 2.3 times as long as wide, almost 5 times as long as the pronotum, and completely cover the abdomen. They are almost parallel near the base, slightly and evenly tapered in the middle, and broadly rounded at the tip. The outer margins and the inner (sutural) margin are often orange. The surface is rough, covered with minute punctures, and densely covered with long, fine, gray hairs. The plate between the wing bases (scutellum) is well developed and visible but small and orangish-red.

The head is orangish-red. In front of the eyes it is wider than long. It narrows behind the eyes forming a distinct “neck” that is visible from above, not hidden by the pronotum. The edges of the collar-like plate wrapping around the head (postocciput) merge into a single closed suture (gular suture) on the throat. The face is orange. The plate on the lower face (clypeus) is sometimes dark brown. The compound eyes are small and black. The antennae have 11 segments. The first two segments are entirely orangish-red. The remaining segments are usually black with orange just at the base. The amount of orange is variable, and sometimes the segments are mostly orange with black just at the tip. The third segment is longer than the second.

The legs are long and slender. The third segment (femur) of each leg is orange. The fourth segment (tibia) may be entirely orange or orange just at the base becoming dark brown toward the tip. The end part of each leg (tarsus), corresponding to the foot, has 5 segments and may be dark brown or orange. On both sexes the claw at the end of the tarsus is broadly cleft and has a long narrowly angled tooth.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total Length: ¼ to ½

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Prairies and meadows

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

Late June to mid-August

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

 

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Larva Food

 
 

Larvae overwinter in the ground.

 
     
 

Adult Food

 
 

Aphids and other small, soft-bodied insects

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 29, 30.

 
  11/15/2018      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Once common but now declining

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Coleoptera (beetles)  
 

Suborder

Polyphaga (water, rove, scarab, longhorn, leaf and snout beetles)  
 

Infraorder

Elateriformia  
 

Superfamily

Elateroidea (click, firefly and soldier beetles)  
 

Family

Cantharidae (soldier beetles)  
 

Subfamily

Cantharinae  
 

Tribe

Podabrini  
 

Genus

Podabrus  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

This species has no common name. The common name of the family Cantharidae is soldier beetles, and is applied here for convenience.

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Clypeus

On insects, a hardened plate on the face above the upper lip (labrum).

 

Elytra

The hardened or leathery forewings on an insect used to protect the fragile hindwings, which are used for flying, in beetles and true bugs.

 

Femur

On insects and arachnids, the third, largest, most robust segment of the leg, coming immediately before the tibia. On humans, the thigh bone.

 

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

Scutellum

The exoskeletal plate covering the rearward (posterior) part of the middle segment of the thorax in some insects. In Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Homoptera, the dorsal, often triangular plate behind the pronotum and between the bases of the front wings. In Diptera, the exoskeletal plate between the abdomen and the thorax.

 

Tarsus

The last two to five subdivisions of an insect’s leg, attached to the tibia; the foot. Plural: tarsi.

 

Tibia

The fourth segment of an insect leg, after the femur and before the tarsus (foot).

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
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Alfredo Colon

 
    downy leatherwing   downy leatherwing  
           
 
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  Alfredo Colon
6/14/2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

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