green cone-headed planthopper

(Acanalonia conica)

Conservation Status
green cone-headed planthopper
Photo by Alfredo Colon
  IUCN Red List

not listed


not listed


not listed


A planthopper is an insect in the superfamily Fulgoroidea that resembles a leaf in its environment. It often hops like a grasshopper for transportation, but it usually walks slowly to avoid detection. There are more than 12,500 described planthopper species worldwide.

Green cone-headed planthopper occurs in the United States east of the Great Plains and in Ontario and Quebec Canada. It was recently introduced into northern Italy. It is common and widespread throughout the eastern United States. In Minnesota it has been recorded just in the Metro Region and south to Rice and Wabasha Counties.

Adults are yellowish-green and about ¼ (6 mm) long. The body is flattened laterally. From above it appears wedge-shaped.

The top of the head (vertex) is straight, flat, and horizontal. The upper part of the face (frons), corresponding to the forehead, is mostly keeled. When viewed from above the front of the head is pointed. When viewed from the side the face is straight, without a shelf-like step. The compound eyes are yellow or orangish-yellow. The antennae are attached on the sides of the head below the eyes. They are short, bristle-like, and three-segmented. The first segment is small and collar-like.

There are two small black dots between the wing bases.

The forewings are broadly oval and irregularly net-veined. They are held almost vertical when at rest. There is usually no stripe on the inner edge if the forewing. The leading (costal) margin is also net-veined—there are no parallel veins along the margin. Two anal veins meet beyond the middle of the wing to form a Y vein. The margin at the tip is green with brown, dash-like spots. The hindwings are fully developed.

On the hind leg, the fourth segment (tibia) has spines at the tip only, no lateral spines. The last part of the leg (tarsus), corresponding to a foot, has three segments. On the hind leg, the second tarsal segment is minute with a rounded tip and a spine at each side.

The nymph is green and hump-backed.




Total length: ¼ (6 mm)


Similar Species










It often hops, like a grasshopper, for transportation, but usually walks slowly to avoid detection.


Life Cycle




Nymph Food




Adult Food


It feeds on a wide variety of woody species and some herbaceous species.


Distribution Map



24, 29, 30, 82, 83.




Widespread and common



Hemiptera (true bugs, hoppers, aphids, and allies)



Auchenorrhyncha (true hoppers)

  Infraorder Fulgoromorpha  


Fulgoroidea (planthoppers)







  Tribe Acanaloniini  







Common Names


green cone-headed planthopper










The upper part of an insect’s face, roughly corresponding to the forehead.



On insects, the last two to five subdivisions of the leg, attached to the tibia; the foot. On spiders, the last segment of the leg. Plural: tarsi.



The fourth segment of an insect leg, after the femur and before the tarsus (foot). The fifth segment of a spider leg or palp.



The upper surface of an insect’s head.






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Alfredo Colon

    green cone-headed planthopper   green cone-headed planthopper  

Mike Poeppe

    green cone-headed planthopper      








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Other Videos
  Cone-headed Planthoppers (Acanalonia conica) on Passion Flower
Nature Documentaries

Jan 27, 2022

Cone-headed planthoppers (Acanalonia conica) on a passion flower vine (Passiflora incarnata) whose extrafloral nectaries are patrolled and defended by ants (Formica palidefulva). Filmed on August 9, 2014 at the Georgia State Botanical Garden in Athens, GA, USA.

iNaturalist record of the observation:

  Cone-headed Planthopper (Acanalonia conica) Saltaplantas Bambolero

Jan 2, 2019

Parece una hoja, pero es un hemíptero de amplia distribución en América. El color verde y la reticulada venación de sus alas, y su distintiva cabeza cónica, le permite camuflarse muy bien en el follaje. Permanece relativamente quieto, y aunque puede brincar, frecuenta desplazarse con un singular bamboleo. Se alimenta perforando las hojas de determinadas plantas para ingerir sus jugos. La gran variedad fenotípica de este género da la impresión de que es un grupo polifilético. Filmado en Trujillo Alto.

Google Translate: It looks like a leaf, but it is a widely distributed hemiptera in America. The green color and the reticulated venation of its wings, and its distinctive conical head, allow it to camouflage itself very well in the foliage. It remains relatively still, and although it can jump, it often moves with a singular wobble. It feeds by piercing the leaves of certain plants to ingest their juices. The great phenotypic variety of this genus gives the impression that it is a polyphyletic group. Filmed in Trujillo Alto.

  Acanalonia conica
scuola secondaria

Jul 5, 2022




Visitor Sightings

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  Alfredo Colon

Location: Albany, NY

green cone-headed planthopper  
  Mike Poeppe

Location: near Houston, MN

green cone-headed planthopper

  Alfredo Colon

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

green cone-headed planthopper  






Created: 8/23/2020

Last Updated:

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