green cone-headed planthopper

(Acanalonia conica)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

green cone-headed planthopper

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Widespread and common

Flight/Season

 

Habitat

 

Size

Total Length: ¼ (6 mm)

          Photo by Alfredo Colon
 
Identification

A planthopper is an insect in the superfamily Fulgoroidea that resembles a leaf in its environment. It often hops like a grasshopper for transportation, but it usually walks slowly to avoid detection. There are more than 12,500 described planthopper species worldwide.

Green cone-headed planthopper occurs in the United States east of the Great Plains and in Ontario and Quebec Canada. It was recently introduced into northern Italy. It is common and widespread throughout the eastern United States. In Minnesota it has been recorded just in the Metro Region and south to Rice and Wabasha Counties.

Adults are yellowish-green and about ¼ (6 mm) long. The body is flattened laterally. From above it appears wedge-shaped.

The top of the head (vertex) is straight, flat, and horizontal. The upper part of the face (frons), corresponding to the forehead, is mostly keeled. When viewed from above the front of the head is pointed. When viewed from the side the face is straight, without a shelf-like step. The compound eyes are yellow or orangish-yellow. The antennae are attached on the sides of the head below the eyes. They are short, bristle-like, and three-segmented. The first segment is small and collar-like.

There are two small black dots between the wing bases.

The forewings are broadly oval and irregularly net-veined. They are held almost vertical when at rest. There is usually no stripe on the inner edge if the forewing. The leading (costal) margin is also net-veined—there are no parallel veins along the margin. Two anal veins meet beyond the middle of the wing to form a Y vein. The margin at the tip is green with brown, dash-like spots. The hindwings are fully developed.

On the hind leg, the fourth segment (tibia) has spines at the tip only, no lateral spines. The last part of the leg (tarsus), corresponding to a foot, has three segments. On the hind leg, the second tarsal segment is minute with a rounded tip and a spine at each side.

The nymph is green and hump-backed.

 
Similar
Species

 

 
Nymphal Food

 

 
Adult Food

It feeds on a wide variety of woody species and some herbaceous species.

 
Life Cycle

 

 
Behavior

It often hops, like a grasshopper, for transportation, but usually walks slowly to avoid detection.

 
Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 24, 29, 30, 82, 83.

 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Order:

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)

 

No Rank:

Euhemiptera

 

No Rank:

Clypeorrhyncha

 

Suborder:

Auchenorrhyncha (free-living hemipterans)

 

Superfamily:

Fulgoroidea (planthoppers)

 

Family:

Acanaloniidae (acanaloniid planthoppers)

 

Subfamily:

Acanaloniinae

 

Tribe:

Acanaloniini

 

Genus:

Acanalonia

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

green cone-headed planthopper

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Frons

The upper part of an insect’s face, roughly corresponding to the forehead.

 

Tarsus

On insects, the last two to five subdivisions of the leg, attached to the tibia; the foot. On spiders, the last segment of the leg. Plural: tarsi.

 

Tibia

The fourth segment of an insect leg, after the femur and before the tarsus (foot). The fifth segment of a spider leg or palp.

 

Vertex

The upper surface of an insect’s head.

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Alfredo Colon
       
  green cone-headed planthopper    
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   
       
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Family: Acanaloniidae
Bill Keim
 
  Family: Acanaloniidae  
 
About

Order: Hemiptera
Suborder: Auchenorryncha
Superfamily: Fulgoroidea

- Acanalonia (acanaloniid planthopper)
- Acanalonia bivittata (Two-striped Planthopper)
- Acanalonia conica (Green Cone-headed Planthopper)

 
     

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Cone-headed Planthopper (Acanalonia conica) Saltaplantas Bambolero
VideotecaFaunaPR
 
   
 
About

Jan 2, 2019

Parece una hoja, pero es un hemíptero de amplia distribución en América. El color verde y la reticulada venación de sus alas, y su distintiva cabeza cónica, le permite camuflarse muy bien en el follaje. Permanece relativamente quieto, y aunque puede brincar, frecuenta desplazarse con un singular bamboleo. Se alimenta perforando las hojas de determinadas plantas para ingerir sus jugos. La gran variedad fenotípica de este género da la impresión de que es un grupo polifilético. Filmado en Trujillo Alto.

Google translation: It looks like a leaf, but it is a widely distributed hemiptera in America. The green color and reticulated venation of its wings, and its distinctive conical head, allows it to blend in very well in the foliage. It remains relatively still, and although it can jump, it frequently moves with a singular wobble. It feeds by piercing the leaves of certain plants to ingest their juices. The great phenotypic variety of this genus gives the impression that it is a polyphyletic group. Filmed in Trujillo Alto.

   
       

 

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Alfredo Colon
8/8/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

green cone-headed planthopper


     
     
 
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Created: 8/23/2020

Last Updated:

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