leafhopper

(Penthimia americana)

Conservation Status
leafhopper (Penthimia americana)
Photo by Alfredo Colon
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

not listed

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Penthimia americana is an rare and unusual leafhopper. It occurs in North America east of the Great Plains. It is rare throughout its range, including in Minnesota. It is unusual because it resembles a spittlebug, looking nothing like other leafhoppers.

Adults are short, 3 16 to ¼ (5 to 6 mm) long. The body is smooth, shiny, and oval when viewed from above, convex when viewed from the side. The overall color varies from reddish-brown to black with numerous, small, white or pale spots.

The head is short and very broad, almost as wide as the exoskeletal plate covering the thorax (pronotum). The back of the head (vertex) is very broadly rounded.

The pronotum is widest at the base, narrower toward the head. The rear margin is broadly concave. The surface has distinct horizontal grooves. The plate between the wing bases (scutellum) is large and triangular.

The forewings (hemelytra) are thickened, leathery, very broad, and short, though long enough to completely cover the abdomen. They are widest in the middle and broadly rounded to a blunt point at the tip. There is an extension (selvage) at each wingtip which overlaps the adjacent wing. The selvage is broadly rounded. The hindwings are thin, membranous, a little shorter than the hemelytra, and concealed beneath the hemelytra.

The fourth segment (tibia) of the hind leg has a row of spines. The last part of the leg (tarsus), corresponding to a foot, has three segments.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total Length: 3 16 to ¼ (5 to 6 mm)

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

 

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

 

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

When disturbed the adult is likely to remain still, relying on its camouflaged appearance for protection.

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Nymph Food

 
 

 

 
     
 

Adult Food

 
 

Plant juices from the leaves of trees and shrubs, including chokecherry, hickory, and maple.

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 27, 29, 30.

 
  1/27/2020      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Rare

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Hemiptera (true bugs, hoppers, aphids, and allies)  
 

Suborder

Auchenorrhyncha (true hoppers)  
 

Infraorder

Cicadomorpha (spittlebugs, cicadas, leafhoppers and treehoppers)  
 

Superfamily

Membracoidea (leafhoppers and treehoppers)  
 

Family

Cicadellidae (typical leafhoppers)  
 

Subfamily

Deltocephalinae  
 

Tribe

Penthimiini  
 

Genus

Penthimia  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

This species has no common name. The common name of the family Cicadellidae is leafhoppers, and is applied here for convenience.

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Hemelytron

The forewing of true bugs (Order Hemiptera), thickened at the base and membranous at the tip. Plural: hemelytra.

 

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

Scutellum

The exoskeletal plate covering the rearward (posterior) part of the middle segment of the thorax in some insects. In Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Homoptera, the dorsal, often triangular plate behind the pronotum and between the bases of the front wings. In Diptera, the exoskeletal plate between the abdomen and the thorax.

 

Tarsus

The last two to five subdivisions of an insect’s leg, attached to the tibia; the foot. Plural: tarsi.

 

Tibia

The fourth segment of an insect leg, after the femur and before the tarsus (foot). The fifth segment of a spider leg or palp.

 

Vertex

The upper surface of an insect’s head.

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

Share your photo of this insect.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.
 
 

Alfredo Colon

 
    leafhopper (Penthimia americana)   leafhopper (Penthimia americana)  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

 

 
           
           

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
 
     
     
     

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

Share your video of this insect.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach a video, a YouTube link, or a cloud storage link.
 
 

 

 
     
     
       
       
       
 
Other Videos
 
     
     
     
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Report a sighting of this insect.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.
 
  Alfredo Colon
Summer 2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

leafhopper (Penthimia americana)  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

Binoculars


Created: 1/27/2020

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2022 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.