leafhopper

(Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)

               
Overview

Gyponana is a genus of leafhoppers found throughout North and South America. There are at least 90 species of Gyponana in four subgenera. Three of the subgenera contain just one species each. The remainder are in the nominate subgenus Gyponana. Within the subgenus there are at least 23 species in North America north of Mexico and at least 7 species in Minnesota. Most feed on broad-leaved plants. Two species feed on conifers and at least three feed on deciduous shrubs.

leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)

  Photo by Alfredo Colon
   
Identification

The genus Gypoana includes leafhoppers with a “long, narrow appendix” and nearly pointed forewings (hemelytra). All but a few Gyponana leafhoppers are similar in appearance difficult or impossible to identify based on external characters.

Gyponana subgenus Gyponana adults are ¼ to 716 (7 to 11 mm) long. Most are pale green. On most, the head is distinctly narrower than the exoskeletal plate covering the thorax (pronotum). All have smooth textured hemelytra.

 
Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 24, 27, 30, 82.

 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Order:

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)

 

No Rank:

Euhemiptera

 

No Rank:

Clypeorrhyncha

 

Suborder:

Auchenorrhyncha (free-living hemipterans)

 

Infraorder:

Cicadomorpha

 

Superfamily:

Membracoidea

 

Family:

Cicadellidae (leafhoppers)

 

Subfamily:

Iassinae

 

Tribe:

Gyponini

 

Genus:

Gyponana

 

Subgenus:

Gyponana

 
Subordinate Taxa

eight-lined leafhopper (Gyponana octolineata)

leafhopper (Gyponana geminata)

leafhopper (Gyponana gladia)

leafhopper (Gyponana procera)

leafhopper (Gyponana salsa)

leafhopper (Gyponana striata)

leafhopper (Gyponana tenella)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

This subgenus has no common name. The common name of the family Cicadellidae is leafhoppers, and is applied here for the sake of convenience.

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Hemelytron

The forewing of true bugs (Order Hemiptera), thickened at the base and membranous at the tip. Plural: hemelytra.

 

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

 

       
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Alfredo Colon
       
  leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)   leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)
       
  leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)    
       
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Alfredo Colon
8/19/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)


Alfredo Colon
8/9/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)


     
     
 
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Created: 9/6/2020

Last Updated:

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