leafhopper

(Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)

Overview
leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)
Photo by Alfredo Colon
 
  Gyponana is a genus of leafhoppers found throughout North and South America. There are at least 90 species of Gyponana in four subgenera. Three of the subgenera contain just one species each. The remainder are in the nominate subgenus Gyponana. Within the subgenus there are at least 23 species in North America north of Mexico and at least 7 species in Minnesota. Most feed on broad-leaved plants. Two species feed on conifers and at least three feed on deciduous shrubs.      
           
 
Description
 
 

The genus Gypoana includes leafhoppers with a “long, narrow appendix” and nearly pointed forewings (hemelytra). All but a few Gyponana leafhoppers are similar in appearance difficult or impossible to identify based on external characters.

Gyponana subgenus Gyponana adults are ¼ to 716 (7 to 11 mm) long. Most are pale green. On most, the head is distinctly narrower than the exoskeletal plate covering the thorax (pronotum). All have smooth textured hemelytra.

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 27, 30, 82.

 
  9/6/2020      
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)  
 

Suborder

Auchenorrhyncha (free-living hemipterans)  
 

Infraorder

Cicadomorpha  
 

Superfamily

Membracoidea  
 

Family

Cicadellidae (leafhoppers)  
 

Subfamily

Iassinae  
 

Tribe

Gyponini  
 

Genus

Gyponana  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

eight-lined leafhopper (Gyponana octolineata)

leafhopper (Gyponana geminata)

leafhopper (Gyponana gladia)

leafhopper (Gyponana procera)

leafhopper (Gyponana salsa)

leafhopper (Gyponana striata)

leafhopper (Gyponana tenella)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

This subgenus has no common name. The common name of the family Cicadellidae is leafhoppers, and is applied here for convenience.

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Hemelytron

The forewing of true bugs (Order Hemiptera), thickened at the base and membranous at the tip. Plural: hemelytra.

 

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

 

 
 
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Alfredo Colon

 
    leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)   leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)  
           
    leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)      
           
 
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  Alfredo Colon
8/19/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)  
  Alfredo Colon
8/9/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)  
           
 
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Created: 9/6/2020

Last Updated:

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