red-banded leafhopper

(Graphocephala coccinea quadrivittata)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

red-banded leafhopper

 

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common

Flight/Season

Late June to early October

Habitat

Meadows, woodlands, and gardens

Size

Male: X¾ to X¾

Female: ¼ to 5 16

          Photo by Alfredo Colon

Identification

With about 19,500 species described, leafhoppers (Cicadellidae) is by far the largest family of true bugs (Hemiptera). There are about 2,500 leafhopper species in North America. Among the largest and most brightly colorful of these are the subfamily sharpshooters (Cicadellinae). One of the most common of the latter is the red-banded leafhopper. It occurs in the eastern United States and adjacent Canadian provinces. It is found in meadows, woodlands, and gardens on the leaves of a wide variety of plants.

Females are ¼ to 5 16 (7.2 to 8.4 mm) long, males a little smaller, ¼ (6.6 to 7.6 mm) long. The body is flattened laterally and tapered. From above they appear wedge-shaped. It is brightly colored with red stripes on a blue, turquoise, or green background (called green below).

The head is angular, pointed, flattened above, and yellow, with a narrow black band on the outer margin. There are two large compound eyes and two tiny simple eyes (ocelli). There are no longitudinal black lines between the eyes. The antennae are short and bristle-like. They are inserted on the head between the eyes.

The exoskeletal plate covering the thorax (pronotum) does not extend over the abdomen. It is green with an yellow submarginal band near the head. A large red spot on each side merges with the submarginal band. The plate between the wing bases (scutellum) is large, triangular, and red or yellow.

There are two pairs of wings, and they are held tent-like, almost vertically over the body when at rest. The forewings (hemelytra) are thickened, are longer than the body, and completely cover the sides of the body. On the female, the ovipositor extends beyond the wing bases. They comprised of a narrow area (clavus) behind the scutellum when the hemelytra are closed; and the remaining, broad, marginal area (corium). They are green with three red stripes, an inner stripe on the clavus and a middle and outer stripe on the clavus. The inner stripe extends along the outer margin of the clavus. When the hemelytra are closed the inner stripes of both hemelytra join to form a deep V. The middle and outer stripes extend from the base to the tip of the corium. They merge at each end creating an enclosed green area. The red stripes are broad and the hemelytra are usually mostly red. There is also a narrow black band around each blunt wingtip. There is no Y-vein in the anal area. The hindwings are thin, membranous, a little shorter than the hemelytra, and concealed beneath the hemelytra.

The legs are yellow. The fourth segment (tibia) of each hind leg has two rows of comb-like spines. The last part of the leg (tarsus), corresponding to a foot, has three segments.

 
Similar
Species

 


Larval Food

Same as adult

 
Adult Food

Sap of more than 50 species of plants

 
Life Cycle

The female lays eggs in the leaves of host plants. The eggs appear as small swellings of bumps of the leaf. Eggs overwinter and hatch in the spring. Nymphs pass through five stages (instars) before emerging as adults.

 
Behavior

Nymphs feed on the underside of leaves.

Adults are agile and can move as fast sideways as forward. They can jump to avoid predators or move to another plant.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 24, 27, 29, 30.


Comments

Subspecies
There are at least three subspecies of Graphocephala coccinea. Only G. c. quadrivittata is found in Minnesota.

Disease Vector
Red-banded leafhopper, and several other leafhopper species, are vectors of Pierce’s disease caused by the bacteria Xylella fastidiosa, which causes decline of woody plant species.


Taxonomy

Order:

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)

 

No Rank:

Euhemiptera

 

No Rank:

Clypeorrhyncha

 

Suborder:

Auchenorrhyncha (free-living hemipterans)

 

Infraorder:

Cicadomorpha

 

Superfamily:

Membracoidea

 

Family:

Cicadellidae (leafhoppers)

 

Subfamily:

Cicadellinae (sharpshooters)

 

Tribe:

Cicadellini

 

Genus:

Graphocephala

 

Subgenus:

Graphocephala

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

candy-striped leafhopper

red-and-blue leafhopper

red-banded leafhopper

scarlet-and-green leafhopper


 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Corium

The thickened basal portion of the front wing that lies between the clavus and the membrane of insects in the family Hemiptera.

 

Hemelytron

The forewing of true bugs (Order Hemiptera), thickened at the base and membranous at the tip. Plural: hemelytra.

 

Instar

The developmental stage of arthropods between each molt; in insects, the developmental stage of the larvae or nymph.

 

Ocellus

Simple eye; an eye with a single lens. Plural: ocelli.

 

Ovipositor

A long needle-like tube on the abdomens of some female insects, used to inject eggs into soil or plant stems.

 

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

Scutellum

The exoskeletal plate covering the rearward (posterior) part of the middle segment of the thorax in some insects. In Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Homoptera, the dorsal, often triangular plate behind the pronotum and between the bases of the front wings. In Diptera, the exoskeletal plate between the abdomen and the thorax.

 

Tarsus

The last two to five subdivisions of an insect’s leg, attached to the tibia; the foot. Plural: tarsi.

 

Tibia

The fourth segment of an insect leg, after the femur and before the tarsus (foot).

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this insect.

Alfredo Colon


  red-banded leafhopper   red-banded leafhopper

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
       
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Red-banded Leafhopper (Graphocephala coccinea)
Bill Keim
 
  Red-banded Leafhopper (Graphocephala coccinea)  
     
  Red banded leafhopper Graphocephala coccinea
Bruce Brethauer
 
  Red banded leafhopper Graphocephala coccinea  
     
  Xxxxxxxxxxx
Xxxxxxxxxxx
 
   
 
About

Xxxxxxxxxxxx

 
     

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this insect.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  Red-banded Leafhoppers (Cicadellidae: Graphocephala coccinea) Making Honeydew
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 6, 2010

Photographed at the Turtle River State Park, North Dakota (06 July 2010).

 
     
  Candy-Striped Leafhopper (Graphocephala coccinea)
Give it a Grow
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 8, 2017

The Candy-Striped Leafhopper (Graphocephala coccinea) has bright Red and Blue stripes with a Yellow head and legs.

Music: Hyperfun by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

Source: https://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1400038

Artist: http://incompetech.com/

 
     
  Red-banded Leafhopper - Graphocephala coccinea
Myk63
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 11, 2010

I don't understand the coloring for survival around here.

I left the background noise because I learned my nephew does the same thing to my sister so I feel a rant coming on. If I rant you will know what it's about.

 
     
  graphocephala coccinea
My Insect Videos
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 21, 2018

 
     
  Red-banded Leafhoppers (Cicadellidae: Graphocephala coccinea) Feeding
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 6, 2010

"In every walk with nature one receives far more than he seeks." --John Muir Photographed at the Turtle River State Park, North Dakota (06 July 2010).

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Report a sighting of this insect.

Alfredo Colon
6/10/2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

red-banded leafhopper


     
     
 

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings

   

 


 

 

Binoculars

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2019 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.