spined soldier bug

(Podisus maculiventris)

Conservation Status
spined soldier bug
Photo by Alfredo Colon
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Spined soldier bug is a medium-sized, predatory stink bug. The adult is 5 16 to ½ long, 5 16 wide, mottled brown to tan, and shield-shaped. Females are slightly larger than males. It is the most common predatory stink bug (subfamily Asopinae) in North America. It is considered beneficial because it preys on various crop pests. However, they do not occur in numbers high enough to control large infestations.

The plate over the first thoracic segment (pronotum) has a conspicuous, narrow, smooth-sided, spine-like projection on each side, the feature that gives this species its common name. The spines project outward, not forward. The sides of the pronotum are very concave. The plate over the second thoracic segment (scutellum) is large and triangular. It is not mottled with yellow.

On the underside of the second abdominal segment (sternite) there is a spine that reaches to between the base of the hind legs.

The wings are leathery at the base and for most of their length, membranous near the tip. At the membranous tip of each wing there is a narrow dark line. When the wings overlap, these form a single dark stripe.

On each hind leg there is a blackish dot near the end (apex) of the third and largest leg segment (femur).

First stage (instar) nymphs are black and red. On the fourth and fifth instars, the upper (dorsal) abdominal pattern has a yellowish outline or no outline. The abdomen and pronotum have dark edges.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total Length: 5 16 to ½

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Agricultural crops

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

Two or three generations per year: Mid-April through late October

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

 

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

Adults emerge from hibernation in mid-April and begin mating in May. The female lays eggs in a mass, one egg mass per day, on the underside of a plant leaf. The eggs hatch in 5 to 9 days. They pass through five instars in 27 to 38 days, depending on the temperature, before reaching the adult stage. Adults live 1 to 4 months. Those of the last generation overwinter.

 
     
 

Nymph Food

 
 

First instar nymphs feed on plant juices

 
     
 

Adult Food

 
 

A wide variety of insects, over 90 species including gypsy moth caterpillars and some crop pests.

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 29, 30.

 
  6/20/2018      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common in United States and southern Canada

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)  
 

Suborder

Heteroptera (true bugs)  
 

Infraorder

Pentatomomorpha (pentatomomorph bugs)  
 

Superfamily

Pentatomoidea  
 

Family

Pentatomidae (stink bugs)  
 

Subfamily

Asopinae (predatory stink bugs)  
 

Genus

Podisus  
 

Subgenus

Podisus  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

spined soldier bug

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Femur

On insects and arachnids, the third, largest, most robust segment of the leg, coming immediately before the tibia. On humans, the thigh bone.

 

Instar

The developmental stage of arthropods between each molt; in insects, the developmental stage of the larvae or nymph.

 

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

Scutellum

The exoskeletal plate covering the rearward (posterior) part of the middle segment of the thorax in some insects. In Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Homoptera, the dorsal, often triangular plate behind the pronotum and between the bases of the front wings. In Diptera, the exoskeletal plate between the abdomen and the thorax.

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Alfredo Colon
       
  spined soldier bug    
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   
       
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Spined Soldier Bug (Podisus maculiventris)
Bill Keim
 
  Spined Soldier Bug (Podisus maculiventris)>  

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Spined soldier bug (Podisus maculiventris) vs. inchworm caterpillar
Pests and Natural Enemies
 
   
 
About

Published on Dec 24, 2013

Spined soldier bugs are one of the predatory stink bug species, which, unlike many stink bug species in agricultural fields, are beneficial natural enemies rather than pests. They will prey upon a variety of pests, but are especially voracious predators of caterpillars and beetle larvae.

Created by: Ian Grettenberger

Check out the other videos on the "Pests and Natural Enemies" Channel!

Spined soldier bug (Hemiptera: Pentotomidae, Podisus maculiventris)

Bird cherry-oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi, Hemiptera: Aphididae)

This video is part of a USDA Northeast SARE (Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education) Graduate Student Grant (http://www.nesare.org/)

Music used: Treasure (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qlJMI7SW28M, http://www.mediafire.com/error.php?errno=320&origin=download)

   
       
  Spined Soldier Bug Nymphs Macro
timvid
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 2, 2012

http://www.WildlifeTheater.com

Found a mass of something on the bottom side of a Tulip Poplar leaf. I couldn't tell what it was until I got the camera on it. These are Spined Soldier Bugs, generally considered beneficial because they eat common garden pests.

   
       
  Spined Soldier Bug (Pentatomidae: Podisus maculiventris) on the Move!
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 19, 2012

Photographed at Grand Forks, North Dakota (19 June 2012). Thank you to 'v belov' (@Bugguide.net) for indefiying this specimen!

   
       

 

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Alfredo Colon
6/14/2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

spined soldier bug


     
     
 
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