anchor stink bug

(Stiretrus anchorago)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

anchor stink bug

 

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common in eastern United States, rare in Minnesota.

Flight/Season

Two generations: April to October

Habitat

Old fields, agricultural fields, and other open areas

Size

Total Length: 5 16 to 7 16

Photo by Alfredo Colon

Identification

Anchor stink bug is a colorful, medium-sized but robust, predatory stink bug. It is common in the eastern half of the United States, in Mexico, and in Central America. It is rare in Minnesota, where it is at the northern and western extents of its range.

Anchor stink bugs are highly variable in both color and markings, leading one entomologist to suggest, “In identifying asopines it helps to be color blind.” Several subspecies have been described, five of which occur in North America. The northern subspecies, Stiretrus anchorago anchorago, occurs in Minnesota and is described here.

Adults are 5 16 to 7 16 (8 to 11 mm) long and ¼ wide. The body is egg-shaped when viewed from above, widest in front and gradually narrowing toward the rear, and convex when viewed from the side.

The head is bluish-black and coarsely punctured. The sides of the head are nearly parallel. There are two large, bulging compound eyes and two simple eyes (ocelli). The ocelli are orange. There is a small orange near the middle of the rear margin (middorsal) that appears to be, but is not, a third ocellus. The front of the head (beak) is divided into a central lobe (tylus) and two lateral lobes (juga). The juga are a little longer than tylus. The beak-like projection of the head (rostrum) is long, very thick, and has four segments. The first segment is thickened and free, enabling it to be swung fully forward. The second segment is longer than the third. At the base of the rostrum there is a pair of raised plates (buccula). The bucculae are very short and cover only the base of the first segment of the rostrum. The antennae are brownish-orange and have five segments. The basal segment is very short, not reaching beyond the front of the head. All segments are densely covered with fine hairs.

The thorax is twice as wide as long. The exoskeletal plate covering the thorax (pronotum) is bluish-black and coarsely and irregularly pitted. It projects outward with a broadly rounded point in the shoulder (humeral) areas. The humeral areas are cream-colored. They are flushed with red, have two or three round black spots, and numerous black punctures.

There are two pairs of wings, and they are held flat over the body when at rest. The forewings (hemelytra) are as long as the abdomen but do not completely cover the sides of the abdomen. The sides of the abdomen are exposed. They are cream-colored, flushed with red, with black spots. They appear conspicuously striped when the wings are closed. The hemelytra have a thickened, leathery section at the base and a thin membranous section at the tip with a clear dividing line between the two. The thickened basal part is comprised of a triangular section (scutellum) at the base; a narrow area (clavus) behind the scutellum when the wings are closed; and the remaining, broad, marginal area (corium). The scutellum, the most distinguishing feature of this species, is very long and broad. The basal portion of the scutellum is broadly triangular. It is cream-colored and may be flushed with red on the sides, and has a large black spot in the middle. The lower portion is U-shaped and extends nearly to the tip of the abdomen. It is cream-colored and flushed with red, sometimes appearing mostly red. A pair of median, elongated, black spots are joined at the base an separated toward the tip. Joined with the spot on the basal portion of the scutellum, this forms a single, black, anchor-shaped spot, for which this species gets its common name. The clavus and corium are cream-colored and flushed with red, sometimes appearing mostly red. There is an irregular dark spot near the middle or toward the tip of each corium. The hindwings are thin, membranous, and concealed under the forewings.

The legs are brownish-orange. On the front legs the third segment (femur) has a blunt spine near the tip, and the fourth segment (tibia) is distinctly dilated. On the hind legs the fourth segment has a small spine on the inner surface.

The end part of the leg, corresponding to the foot, (tarsus) has only 3 segments.

 
Similar
Species

 


Larval Food

 

 
Adult Food

Beetle, moth, and butterfly larvae

 
Life Cycle

The last generation of adults overwinter in a state of suspended development (diapause). In the spring, the female lays a double row of usually about 12 oval, nearly black eggs. The eggs hatch in 8 to 11 days, and the larvae reach adult stage in 21 to 44 days.

 
Behavior

They emit a musty odor when handled.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 24, 27, 29, 30.


Comments

 


Taxonomy

Order:

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)

 

No Rank:

Euhemiptera

 

No Rank:

Neohemiptera

 

No Rank:

Prosorrhyncha

 

Suborder:

Heteroptera (true bugs)

 

No Rank:

Euheteroptera

 

No Rank:

Neoheteroptera

 

No Rank:

Panheteroptera

 

Infraorder:

Pentatomomorpha

 

Superfamily:

Pentatomoidea

 

Family:

Pentatomidae (stink bugs)

 

Subfamily:

Asopinae (predatory stink bugs)

 

Genus:

Stiretrus

 

Subgenus:

Oncogaster

 
Subordinate Taxa

Stiretrus anchorago anchorago (mostly northern subspecies)

Stiretrus anchorago diana

Stiretrus anchorago fimbriatus (mostly southern subspecies)

Stiretrus anchorago personatus (red pronotum)

Stiretrus anchorago violaceus (Pennsylvania and possibly Illinois; deep violet-black)

 
Synonyms

Cimex anchorago

Pentatoma pulchellus

Stiretrus fimbriatus

Tetyra anchorago

 
Common
Names

anchor stink bug


 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Femur

On insects and arachnids, the third, largest, most robust segment of the leg, coming immediately before the tibia. On humans, the thigh bone.

 

Hemelytron

The forewing of true bugs (Order Hemiptera), thickened at the base and membranous at the tip. Plural: hemelytra.

 

Ocellus

Simple eye; an eye with a single lens. Plural: ocelli.

 

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

Rostrum

The stiff, beak-like projection of the carapace or prolongation of the head of an insect, crustacean, or cetacean.

 

Scutellum

The exoskeletal plate covering the rearward (posterior) part of the middle segment of the thorax in some insects. In Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Homoptera, the dorsal, often triangular plate behind the pronotum and between the bases of the front wings. In Diptera, the exoskeletal plate between the abdomen and the thorax.

 

Tarsus

The last two to five subdivisions of an insect’s leg, attached to the tibia; the foot. Plural: tarsi.

 

Tibia

The fourth segment of an insect leg, after the femur and before the tarsus (foot).

 

 

 

 

 

       

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Alfredo Colon


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About

Published on Oct 10, 2014

Anchor Stink Bug (Nymph) - Stiretrus anchorago

Uncle Steve is in the Deep River Nature Trail in Randleman, Randolph County, North Carolina when he spotted this:

Anchor Stink Bug (Nymph)
Stiretrus anchorago
Family: Pentatomidae

Date: 08 OCTOBER 2014

[vado-g3 avidemux]

 
     

 

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Alfredo Colon
7/13/2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

anchor stink bug


     
     
 

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