white-lined sphinx

(Hyles lineata)

               
Hodges #

7894

white-lined sphinx
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common

Flight/Season

Two broods: May to October

Habitat

Meadows, gardens, woodland openings, and other open areas.

Photo by Tom Baker
Size

Wingspan: 27 16 to 39 16

 

Identification

This is a common, large to very large, sphinx moth. In poor light or at a distance it is easily mistaken for a hummingbird, due to similarities in both appearance and behavior. It has a wingspan of 27 16 to 39 16.

The forewing is long and narrow with a smooth, slightly convex outer margin. The upperside of the forewing is dark olive brown. A narrow tan band extends diagonally from the inner margin near the base to the wing tip. There are creamy white streaks along the veins; a pale spot in the basal area; and a small, irregular, white patch in the median area. The trailing edge (terminal area) has a broad, pale, gray or grayish-brown band, a narrow, dark, marginal border, and a short white fringe. The leading (costal) margin has a broad, pale brown border.

The hindwing is black with a white fringe; a narrow, light brown, marginal border; and a central, broad, pink band extending diagonally from the inner margin near the body to the outer margin near the apex.

The appendage (tegula) covering the forewing base is dark olive brown with a prominent white fringe, a thin black, marginal border, and a white stripe in the middle.

The thorax is dark olive brown with three white stripes, one middorsal and two subdorsal, extending forward from the base of the tegula.

The abdomen is black-and-white banded on the upper (dorsal) surface. A thin, white, middorsal stripe is bordered by two narrow black stripes and two broad pale brown stripes.

The head is dark olive brown with two subdorsal stripes that extend over the eyes to the mouth.

The antenna is thickened and club-like. The proboscis is long and is coiled under the head when not in use.

The caterpillar is up to 2¾ long. It may be either bright green or yellow and black. The head, prothoracic shield and anal plate are always the same color, either orange or green, and are dotted with minute pale spots. The markings on the thorax and abdomen are extremely variable. Many forms have a subdorsal stripe extending from the first thoracic segment to the eighth abdominal segment. On some forms this stripe is replaced by a row of black-rimmed, creamy yellow spots. Some forms have small to extensive black areas speckled with tiny, yellow or white, vertically aligned dots. A stout yellow to orange, often partially or completely blackened, horn extends from the middorsal surface of the eighth abdominal segment. The legs on the thorax and leg-like structures (prolegs) on the abdomen are usually orange.

Mature caterpillars can be found from July onward.

 
Similar
Species

 


Larval Food

Willow herb (Epilobium spp.), four o’clock (Mirabilis spp.), apple (Malus spp.), evening primrose (Oenothera spp.), elm (Ulmus spp.), grape (Vitis spp.), and common purslane (Portulaca oleracea).

 
Adult Food

Flower nectar of many species, especially those with tubular flowers, including ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea).

 
Life Cycle

Females attract males by releasing pheromones. Caterpillars moult five times before pupating. They pupate for 2 to 3 weeks in shallow burrows in the ground. The second brood overwinters as pupae.

 
Behavior

This moth is often spotted hovering with rapidly-beating wings near a flower. While they usually fly from dusk to dawn, they also sometimes fly during the day.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 7, 21, 24, 29, 30, 75.


Comments

 


Taxonomy

Order:

Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)

 

Suborder:

Glossata

 

Infraorder:

Neolepidoptera

 

Parvorder:

Heteroneura

 

No Rank:

Ditrysia

 

No Rank:

Obtectomera

 

Superfamily:

Bombycoidea (hawk-moths)

 

Family:

Sphingidae (hawk moths, sphinx moths, and hornworms)

 

Subfamily:

Macroglossinae

 

Tribe:

Macroglossini

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

white lined sphinx

white-lined sphinx

white-lined sphinx moth


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

anal plate

In snakes: the large scale in front of and covering the anus. In turtles: one of the posterior plates of the lower shell (plastron). In Lepidoptera: the often hardened shield on the dorsal surface of the last (10th) segment of the abdomen.

 

costal margin

The leading edge of the forewing of insects.

 

proleg

A fleshy structure on the abdomen of some insect larvae that functions as a leg, but lacks the five segments of a true insect leg.

 

prothoracic shield

The hardened plate on the dorsal surface of the first segment of the thorax.

 

tegula

A small, hardened plate or flap-like structure that overlaps the base of the forewing of insects in the orders Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera, Diptera, and Homoptera.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
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Nicole Vasquez


  white-lined sphinx    

Tom Baker


  white-lined sphinx    

       
       

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Adult

  white-lined sphinx   white-lined sphinx
       

Caterpillar

  white-lined sphinx   white-lined sphinx
       
  white-lined sphinx    
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  White-lined Sphinx (Hyles lineata)
Bill Keim
 
  White-lined Sphinx (Hyles lineata)  
     
  Hyles lineata (White-lined Sphinx)
Allen Chartier
 
  Hyles lineata (White-lined Sphinx)  
     
  Hyles lineata
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
 
  Hyles lineata  

 

slideshow

     

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Other Videos

 
  White-lined Sphinx Moth
monarchwatch
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Sep 20, 2011

A White-lined Sphinx Moth (Hyles lineata) nectaring on Star Flower (Pentas lanceolata) in Monarch Waystation #1 (Monarch Watch HQ in Lawrence, KS).

 
     
  White Lined Sphinx Moth - Hyles Lineata in Wisconsin
Onaspark
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 14, 2012

I first thought this moth was a hummingbird when it was flying around me. It was very interested in my blooming hostas. It flew continuously and was silent.

Music:
http://BeatsRoyaltyFree.com
Artist: Al Sergio
Title: One Summer Day Before Fall

The following is from wikipedia:
The fore wing is dark brown with a tan stripe which extends from the base to the apex. There are also white lines that cover the veins. The black hind wing has a broad pink median band. It has a wingspan of 2 to 3 inches.
The moth's range is throughout the United States and extends north into southern Canada and south into Mexico. It can also be found occasionally in the West Indies.
The adult of this species is a key pollinator of the rare lemon lily (Lilium parryi) in California.

aka:
Sphinx lineata Fabricius, 1775
Celerio lineata
Deilephila lineata
Sphinx daucus Cramer, [1777]
Sphinx lineata americana Laporte, 1830
Celerio lineata florilega Kernbach, 1962
Celerio lineata lineatoides Gehlen, 1934

 
     
  White-lined Sphinx Moth (Sphingidae: Hyles lineata) Lateral Close-up
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 3, 2012

Photographed at Grand Forks, North Dakota (03 June 2012).

 
     
  Ep. 359 White- lined Sphinx Moth Hummingbird Loving My Super Petunia's
Diane Mumm Garden Videos
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 8, 2014

White- lined Sphinx Moth Hummingbird-The White-lined sphinx (Hyles lineata) is a moth of the Sphingidae family.

The White-lined sphinx may be encountered from April to October. This moth's rapid wing movement resembles a hummingbird in flight when it hovers over flowers while it feeds.

The fore wing is dark brown with a tan stripe which extends from the base to the apex. There are also white lines that cover the veins. The black hind wing has a broad pink median band. It has a wingspan of 2 to 3 inches. The moth is sometimes referred to as a Hummingbird Moth because of its similarity to the Hummingbird in appearance and flight characteristics.

The moth's range is throughout the United States and extends north into southern and mid western Canada and south into Mexico. It can also be found occasionally in the West Indies

The larva is yellow and black or sometimes lime green and black. Many individuals have a subdorsal stripe. The head, prothoracic shield, and the anal plate are one color either green or orange with small black dots. The horn varies from either yellow or orange and sometimes has a black tip.Larvae burrow into soil to go into cocoons, where they remain for 2--3 weeks before they emerge as adults.

 
     
  White-lined Sphinx Moth (Sphingidae: Hyles lineata) Dorsal Close-up
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 3, 2012

Photographed at Grand Forks, North Dakota (03 June 2012).

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

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Nicole Vasquez
9/20/2017

Location: Silver Bay, MN

white-lined sphinx


Tom Baker
5/12/2012

 

white-lined sphinx


     
     
 

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