winter cress

(Barbarea vulgaris)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

winter cress

NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

Midwest

FAC - Facultative

Northcentral & Northeast

FAC - Facultative

Nativity

Native to Northern Africa, Asia and Europe. Introduced and naturalized in the United States.

 
Occurrence

Common

 
Habitat

Moist. Fields, pastures, roadsides, and other disturbed sites.

 
Flowering

April to June, September

     
Flower Color

Yellow

     
Height

8 to 32

     

Identification

This is a 8 to 32 tall, erect, biennial or short-lived perennial forb that rises from a stout taproot. In it’s first year it forms a rosette of basal leaves up to 1 across. In the second year it produces one or more flowering stalks. This is one of the first flowers to bloom in spring. It blooms a second time in late autumn.

The stems are erect, angled, and usually unbranched below the inflorescence. They are usually hairless but are sometimes sparsely covered near the base with unbranched, nonglandular hairs.

The leaves are alternate, dark green, hairless, and shiny on the upper surface. Basal leaves are up to 6 long and 2 wide and are attached to the stem with a ¾ to 3 long leaf stalk. They are divided into 1 to 4 pairs of small lateral lobes and a large terminal lobe. The lateral lobes are oblong, two to four times longer than broad with nearly straight sides or egg-shaped and attached at the narrow end. The terminal lobe is considerably larger, egg-shaped or nearly circular. The margins are wavy or bluntly toothed.

Lower stem leaves resemble the basal leaves but are progressively smaller as they ascend the stem. A pair of ear-like basal lobes clasp the main stem.

Upper stem leaves are egg-shaped or nearly circular and may be lobed, toothed, or entire. The margins are strongly wavy or bluntly toothed. They attach to the main stem without a stalk and sometimes clasp the stem at the base. They are not covered with a whitish, waxy coating (glaucous).

The inflorescence is a terminal, branched, elongated, crowded cluster.

The flowers have four yellow petals, are ½ wide, and are stalked.

The fruit is an ascending or spreading, ½ to 1½ long, narrow, curved pod that is roundish in cross-section. The fruits develop below the inflorescence.

 
Similar
Species

Early winter cress (Barbarea verna) has basal leaves with 4 to 7 pairs of lateral lobes. It is an eastern and west coast species and does not occur in Minnesota.

Northern winter cress (Barbarea orthoceras) is a native species. The flowers are ¼ wide. The flower stalk is club-like or bat-like in overall shape.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Brassicaceae (mustard)

 

Tribe:

Cardamineae

 
Synonyms

Barbarea arcuata

Barbarea barbarea

Barbarea stricta

Barbarea vulgaris var. arcuata

Barbarea vulgaris var. brachycarpa

Barbarea vulgaris var. longisiliquosa

Barbarea vulgaris var. sylvestris

Barbarea vulgarus arcuata

 

Barbarea vulgarus brachycarpa

Barbarea vulgarus longisiliquosa

Barbarea vulgarus sylvestris

Campe barbarea

Crucifera barbarea

Erysimum arcuatum

Erysimum barbarea

 
Common
Names

bitter wintercress

common winter cress

garden yellow rocket

garden yellowrocket

garden yellow-rocket

herb-barbaras

 

rocket cress

winter cress

winter-cress

yellow-rocket

yellow rocket


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

clasping

Describing a leaf that wholly or partly surrounds the stem but does not fuse at the base.

 

entire

Continuous; not toothed, notched, or lobed.

 

glaucous

Pale green or bluish gray due to a whitish, powdery or waxy film, as on a plum or a grape.

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this plant.

       
       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   

Plant

  winter cress   winter cress
       
  winter cress    
       

Inflorescence

  winter cress   winter cress
       
  winter cress   winter cress
       

Flowers

  winter cress   winter cress
       
  winter cress   winter cress
       

Lower Leaves

  winter cress    
       

Middle Leaves

  winter cress    
       

Upper Leaves

  winter cress    
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Common Wintercress (Yellow Rocket) (Barbarea vulgaris)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Common Wintercress (Yellow Rocket) (Barbarea vulgaris)  
     
  Garden Yellowrocket (Barbarea vulgaris)
Bill Keim
 
  Garden Yellowrocket (Barbarea vulgaris)  
     
  Barbarea vulgaris YELLOW ROCKET
Frank Mayfield
 
  Barbarea vulgaris  YELLOW  ROCKET  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this plant.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  Bittercress (Barbarea vulgaris) / Herb Barbara - 2014--4-26
W3stlander
 
   
 
About

Published on May 7, 2014

Barbarea vulgaris, also called as Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, and Wound Rocket, is a biennial herb of the genus Barbarea, belonging to the family Brassicaceae.

------------------

Het gewoon barbarakruid (Barbarea vulgaris) is een plant uit de kruisbloemenfamilie (Cruciferae oftewel Brassicaceae)

Geo location: 51.93414 4.32829

 
     
  wilderness survival Winter cress identification
Kaptalis
 
   
 
About

Published on May 5, 2013

wilderness survival Winter cress identification

 
     
  Winter Cress - Randomness With Reva - Episode 8
Reva McKinney
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 29, 2013

Winter Cress is found in wet wooded areas, as well as moist fields and meadows. As with all wild edibles, you should be careful to harvest from a clean source. Especially with this plant, because it has a high absorbency to any ground source, so look out for impure water nearby or farmer's fields because of run-off. Also used as a diuretic and appetite stimulant. Some experts claim that it is toxic when ingested, but there are many people that eat this plant and you can find numerous recipes for cooking with it. Also keep in mind to follow the rules of wild foraging, if you can't identify it or do not know how to prepare it, do not eat it.

 
     
  Wild Food: Wintercress
Zombie Preparedness
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 30, 2013

With all the grocery stores looted, and the dollar stores emptied, not even a Wawa to be had, food becomes a necessity that has to be filled in unorthodox ways.

Wintercress is a member of the Barbarea genus. Being part of the Brassicaceae family it is related to the broccoli, cabbage, and kale cultivars. Both the flowers and the leaves are edible. It grows in the Northeast beginning in mid-April into early summer.

There are 22 species in the genus, so the confusion I had in the field may be explained by that. However, I later found that all the plants I harvested during the filming had all the same leaf features somewhere on the plant.

for comparison sake:

http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2489/2
http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2816/2

More survival information can be found at:

http://www.zombiesurvivalwiki.com
http://zpocprep.blogspot.com/

 
     
  wintercress
coydog outdoors
 
   
 
About

Published on May 1, 2014

in this video i show you a plant that grows all over the place in the early part of spring its an edible and a medicinal plant

 
     

 

Camcorder

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2017 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.