marsh vetchling

(Lathyrus palustris)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

 

No image available

NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FACW - Facultative wetland

Midwest

FACW - Facultative wetland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACW - Facultative wetland

Nativity

Native

Occurrence

Common

Habitat

Wet to moist. Wet prairies, sedge meadows, fens, swamps, marsh borders, streambanks. Full or partial sun.

Flowering

June to July

 
Flower Color

Reddish-purple

 
Height

Climbing, 12 to 40 long

 

Identification

This is a perennial vine that rises from a slender underground stem (rhizome) and fibrous roots. The roots do not produce starchy swellings (tubers). The vine usually climbs over adjacent vegetation. In the absence of supporting vegetation, it creeps along the ground (trails).

The stems are four angled, unbranched or few branched, and usually hairless, sometimes sparsely hairy. They are often distinctly winged, sometimes narrowly winged. Plants with unwinged but acutely ridged stems that have been called var. myrtifolius have been identified from New York through Wisconsin, but are not known to occur in Minnesota.

The leaves are alternate, evenly pinnately divided usually 6, sometimes 4 or 8 leaflets with a tendril at the end. They are on unwinged, 5 16 to 13 16long stalks. The tendrils are mostly branched, though some of them may be unbranched. At the base of each leaf there is a pair of small, ½ to 1 long or longer, to wide or wider, leaf-like appendages (stipules). The stipules are narrow, asymmetrical, and two-lobed, shaped like an arrowhead split lengthwise. The upper lobe is longer than the basal lobe. They are sometimes shallowly and inconspicuously toothed.

The leaflets are oppositely attached and their shape varies greatly. They are ¾ to 2¾ long and to ¾ wide. They may be linear, narrowly elliptic, narrowly lance-shaped, or elliptic. They are angled at the base and sharply or bluntly pointed at the tip. The upper and lower surfaces are hairless. The margins are untoothed.

The inflorescence is a loose, unbranched cluster (raceme) of usually 2 to 6, rarely up to 9 flowers rising on a long stalk from some of the leaf axils. The inflorescence stalk (peduncle) is 13 16 to 2 long, about as long as the subtending leaf.

The individual flowers are ½ to ¾ long and pea-like. They have 5 sepals, 5 petals, 10 stamens, and 1 style. The sepals are united into an long bell-shaped tubed at the base then separated into 5 unequal, 1 32 to ¼ long lobes. The upper two lobes are short and triangular, the lowest one long and narrowly lance-shaped, the lateral two intermediate in both size and shape. The 5 petals are reddish-purple and are organized into a broad banner at the top, 2 wings, and a keel in the center formed by two petals fused together at the tip. The banner is egg-shaped to nearly circular and is strongly bent backward. The wings are broadly egg-shaped and are curved around and over the keel. The keel is boat-shaped, shorter than the wings, and curved upward. The flowers are sometimes bicolored, the banner reddish-purple with dark, highly contrasting veins, and the wings and keel white. The stamens have ½ to 9 16 long filaments. Nine of the filaments are fused to above the base, the tenth is free nearly to the base. The anthers are yellow.

The fruit is a linear to narrowly oblong, flattened, 19 16 to 2 long, to 3 16 wide seed pod with 5 to 10 seeds. It is green at first, becoming reddish-brown to nearly black when ripe.

 
Similar
Species

Veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus) stems are hairy and are not winged. The stipules are narrower, 1 32 to wide, and are untoothed. The upper and lower lobes of the stipule are about the same length. The leaves have 8 to 14 leaflets. The leaflets are usually bluntly pointed at the tip. The racemes are dense and have 8 to 20 flowers. The corollas are pinkish-purple to lavender.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28, 29, 30.


Comments

Subspecies
Several subspecies and/or varieties have been described based on amount of pubescence, leaflet width, and winged or unwinged stem. A study in 1998 (Isley) found that they intergrade completely and are not geographically or ecologically distinct, and therefore have no basis for separation.


Taxonomy

Family:

Fabaceae (pea)

 

Subfamily:

Faboideae (Papilionoideae)

 

Tribe:

Fabeae

 
Synonyms

Lathyrus myrtifolius

Lathyrus palustris ssp. pilosus

Lathyrus palustris var. linearifolius

Lathyrus palustris var. macranthus

Lathyrus palustris var. meridionalis

Lathyrus palustris var. myrtifolius

Lathyrus palustris var. pilosus

Lathyrus palustris var. retusus

Orobus myrtifolius

 
Common
Names

marsh pea

marsh vetchling

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

calyx

The group of outer floral leaves (sepals) below the petals, occasionally forming a tube.

 

corolla

A collective name for all of the petals of a flower.

 

filament

On plants: The thread-like stalk of a stamen which supports the anther. On Lepidoptera: One of a pair of long, thin, fleshy extensions extending from the thorax, and sometimes also from the abdomen, of a caterpillar.

 

linear

Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.

 

peduncle

In angiosperms, the stalk of a single flower or a flower cluster; in club mosses, the stalk of a strobilus or a group of strobili.

 

pinnate

Having the leaflets of a compound leaf arranged on opposite sides of a common stalk.

 

raceme

An unbranched, elongated inflorescence with stalked flowers. The flowers mature from the bottom up.

 

rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

 

stipule

A small, leaf-like, scale-like, glandular, or rarely spiny appendage found at the base of a leaf stalk, usually occurring in pairs and usually dropping soon.

 

trailing

Prostrate on the ground and creeping, but not rooting at the tip.

 

tuber

An underground root (as with dahlias) or stem (as with potatoes), thickened by the accumulation of reserved food (usually starch), which serves for food storage and vegetative propagation.

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this plant.

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
       
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Lathyrus palustris MARSH VETCHING
Frank Mayfield
 
  Lathyrus palustris MARSH VETCHING  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this plant.

     
     

Other Videos

 
     
     
     

 

Camcorder

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2017 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.