woodland strawberry

(Fragaria vesca ssp. americana)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

woodland strawberry

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

UPL - Obligate upland

Midwest

UPL - Obligate upland

Northcentral & Northeast

UPL - Obligate upland

Nativity

Native

 
Occurrence

 

 
Habitat

Woods

 
Flowering

April to June

     
Flower Color

White

     
Height

4 to 6

     

Identification

This 4 to 6 tall, erect, perennial forb is found in the woods, hence the common name.

The leaves are three-parted and are borne on long, hairy stalks that emerge from the central taproot in the ground. The leaflets are bright green to yellowish-green, coarsely toothed, and thin. They are stalkless. The terminal tooth of the leaflet is more than half as wide and as long or longer than (protrudes beyond or equals) the two adjacent teeth. The lateral veins branch off of the central vein at an angle of about 45°.

The flowers sit well above the leaves. They are borne on separate, long stalks from the central taproot in the ground. The flower has 5 petals and is ½ wide.

The fruit is an accessory fruit, consisting of a fleshy receptacle with achenes on the surface. It is slender and elliptical. The seed-like achenes are deeply embedded in pits on the surface of the fruit.

 
Similar
Species

Common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) has larger flowers and fruit. The flowers sit at about the same height as the leaves. The seed-like achenes sit on the surface of the fruit. The leaves are narrower and more tapering. The terminal tooth is narrower (less than half as wide) and shorter (does not protrude beyond) than the two adjacent teeth.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Rosaceae (rose)

 

Subfamily:

Rosoideae

 

Tribe:

Potentilleae

 

Subtribe:

Fragariinae

 
Synonyms

Fragaria americana

Fragaria vesca var. americana

 
Common
Names

hillside strawberry

thin-leaved wild strawberry

wood strawberry

woodland strawberry


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

accessory fruit

A fruit formed from the ovary but containing much fleshy tissue derived from adjacent parts, such as an apple. pear, or strawberry.

 

achene

A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded fruit, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed entirely from the wall of the superior ovary, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.

 

receptacle

The thickened, upper part of a flower stalk to which flowers or flower parts are attached. In composite flowers, the part on which the flowers are borne. In accessory fruits the receptacle gives rise to the edible part of the fruit.

       

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Leaves

  woodland strawberry   woodland strawberry
       

Fruit

  woodland strawberry   woodland strawberry
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Fragaria vesca
Matt Lavin
 
  Fragaria vesca  
 
About

Fruit: multiple achenes on a fleshy receptacle (accessory). Compared to Fragaria virginiana, Fragaria vesca has greener and more prominently veined leaves and is more understory inhabiting. Stoloniferous scapose perennial herb with a creeping growth habit, common in meadows, grasslands, and forests at all elevations in the mountainous regions of Montana.

 
     
  Fragaria vesca (with translation text)
officinalis.com
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 28, 2010

More information??? Review:
· Plants for a Future: http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Fragaria%20vesca
· GRIN Taxonomic Information: http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Fragaria%20vesca

Contact: officinalis.com@gmail.com

 
     

 

slideshow

     

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Other Videos

 
  Fragaria vesca L. - Fragolina di bosco
Pietro Curti
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 25, 2008

Delizioso frutto di bosco dal profumo intenso e dal sapore gradevolissimo, nei mesi di Maggio e Giugno macchia di rosso il sottobosco dell'area mediterranea.

Video tratto dalla VideoTeca del Micologo Pietro Curti:
www.videofunghi.it

Presidente dell'Associazione AMINT:
www.amint.i

 
     
  Wood Strawberry - Fragaria vesca
adamitshelanu
 
   
 
About

Published on May 2, 2014

Wood Strawberry - Fragaria vesca

Uncle Steve observes this fruiting plant in his yard: Wood Strawberry

Fragaria vesca
wild strawberry, woodland strawberry

Can they be eaten?

Date: 30 APRIL 2014

 
     
  The wealth around us - Wild edibles: Woodland strawberry s2e38
LeonRFpoa
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Apr 15, 2011

Fragaria vesca, commonly known as the Woodland Strawberry, occurs naturally throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Other names for this species include Fraises des Bois, Wild (European) Strawberry, European Strawberry and Alpine Strawberry (the latter is the most common type in cultivation, which usually is nearly always everbearing, and produces few runners).

Typical habitat is along trails and roadsides, embankments, hillsides, stone- and gravel-laid paths and roads, meadows, young woodlands, sparse forest, woodland edges, and clearings. Often plants can be found where they do not get sufficient light to form fruit. In the southern part of its range, it can only grow in shady areas; further north it tolerates more sun.[1] It is tolerant of a variety of moisture levels (except very wet or dry conditions).[1] It can survive mild fires and/or establish itself after fires.[1]

Although F. vesca primarily propagates via runners, viable seeds are also found in soil seed banks and seem to germinate when the soil is disturbed (away from existing populations of F. vesca).[1]

Its leaves serve as significant food source for a variety of ungulates, such as mule deer and elk, and the fruit are eaten by a variety of mammals and birds that also help to distribute the seeds in their droppings.

Woodland strawberry fruit is strongly flavored, and is still collected and grown for domestic use and on a small scale commercially for the use of gourmets and as an ingredient for commercial jam, sauces, liqueurs, cosmetics and alternative medicine. In Turkey hundreds of tons of wild fruit are harvested annually, mainly for export.[3]

Most of the cultivated varieties have a long flowering period (and have been considered by botanists as belonging to Fragaria vesca var. vesca ssp. semperflorens). They are usually called alpine strawberries. They either form runners or multiple crowns in a cluster, fruit over a very long period with larger fruit than the common wood strawberry, and are usually propagated by seeds or division of the plants. Their fruit are usually much larger than that of the wild form. Large-fruiting forms are known since the 18th century and were called "Fressant" in France.[4] Some cultivars have fruit that are white or yellow when fully ripe, instead of the normal red.

 
     
  Cultivo de la fresa: Fragaria vesca (http://elagricultoreficiente.blogspot.com.es/)
Agricultor Eficiente
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 6, 2013

Suscríbete al Canal: https://www.youtube.com/user/agricultoreficiente

Plantas de fresa en caballones recubiertos de lámina de plástico (http://elagricultoreficiente.blogspot.com.es/)

 
     
  Bosaardbei Fragaria vesca 10 mei 2011.wmv
Wim Derks
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 14, 2011

Sprekend een gewone aardbei maar alles is wat kleiner en niet het minst belangrijk, ook de vruchten die echter toch heerlijk zoet en vol van smaak zijn.

 
     

 

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