Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge

 

 

     
 
About
 
 

Ownership

 
 

 
     
 

Links

 
 

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

 
     
 

Overview

 
 

 

 
     
 

History

 
 

 

 
     
 

Management

 
 

 

 
     
 

Comments

 
 

 

 
     
 
Location
 
 

Maps

 
 

Big Stone Regulations Brochure and Map

 
         
 

Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates

 
         
         
 

Size

 
 

11,521 acres

 
         
 

Parking

 
 

Entrance and information kiosk
N45 16.135, W96 24.647

 
         
 

Hours

 
 

Daylight hours (sunrise to sunset)

 
         
 

Fees

 
 

No fee

No National Wildlife Refuge in Minnesota charges a fee

 
         
 

Driving Directions

  Area and County  
 

Get driving directions from Google Maps to this destination from any address, and send those directions to your phone.

   
          Lac qui Parle County  
          Southwest Minnesota  
     
 
Activities
 
 

Hiking Trails

 
 

One-mile self-guided footpath

 
     
 

Auto Tour

 
 

Six-mile self-guided auto tour route (open May through September)

 
     
 

Hunting

 
 

Gray Partridge, cottontail rabbit, jack rabbit, gray and fox squirrel, pheasant, turkey, and deer.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Prairie Parkland Province

   
  Ecological Section    

North Central Glaciated Plains

   
  Ecological Subsection    

Minnesota River Prairie

   
  Land Type Association    

Clinton Moraine

Havelock Lake Plain

Milan Alluvial Plain

   
             
 

Native Plant Communities*

   
 

Crystalline Bedrock Outcrop (Prairie): Minnesota River Subtype

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern)

Mesic Prairie (Southern)

Wet Prairie (Southern)

   
  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      
         
 

Natural Features

     
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wetlands

Five thousand acres, which is almost half of this wildlife refuge, is wetland.

 

 

 

           
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Refuge Entrance

 
    Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge      

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
 
     
     

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

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Other Videos
 
  Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge, Minnesota - Time-lapse June 20th 2012
timelapsetalk
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 20, 2012

First try at time-lapse with Gopro Hero2

2210 photos

8 Meg. Photo taken every 2 seconds

Played back at 24 frames/second

   
  Big Stone Wildlife Refuge
jeeprzkreeprz
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Apr 25, 2011

I came across this video while cleaning out my hard drive. It was recorded in Aug 2010. Every time I go back home, I make it a point to drive through the Big Stone Wildlife Refuge that is located in Minnesota between Ortonville and Odessa (at the bottom of the bump on western side of the state). The auto tour is about 6 miles long. It may be nothing special to some people, but it is to me for at least 3 reasons. I have edited a little to keep it under 10 min. Soundtrack is provided by Eric Lindell which I happened to be listening to at the time. If you don't like it, it doesn't matter ~ because the driver gets to choose :)

   

 

Camcorder

           
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Share your sightings or comments about of this destination.

 
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Lynn Rubey

 
 

Amphibians

 
  northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)   northern leopard frog  
 

Birds

 
 

American Coot (Fulica americana)

American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

American Tree Sparrow (Spizelloides arborea)

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)

Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon)

Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia)

Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)

Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Eastern Screech Owl (Megascops asio)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

Great Egret (Ardea alba)

Green Heron (Butorides virescens)

Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)

Northern Harrier (Circus hudsonius)

Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)

Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata)

Northern Waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis)

Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus)

Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria)

Sora (Porzana carolina)

Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)

Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia)

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)

Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus)

 

American White Pelican

Bald Eagle

Caspian Tern

Yellow-headed Blackbird

Lesser Yellowlegs

Northern Harrier

Red-tailed Hawk

Red-winged Blackbird

Yellow-headed Blackbird

 
 

Insects and Arachnids

 
 

band-winged meadowhawk (Sympetrum semicinctum)

blue dasher (Pachydiplax longipennis)

bronze copper (Lycaena hyllus)

eastern forktail (Ischnura verticalis)

Halloween pennant (Celithemis eponina)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

northern crescent (Phyciodes cocyta)

painted lady (Vanessa cardui)

simple wave (Scopula junctaria)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

yellow-collared scape moth (Cisseps fulvicollis)

 

bronze copper

monarch

northern crescent

 
 

Mammals

 
 

American mink (Neovison vison)

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

eastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger)

Franklin’s ground squirrel (Spermophilus franklinii)

muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)

thirteen-lined ground squirrel (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

 

American mink

Franklin’s ground squirrel

 
 

Plants

 
 

brittle prickly pear (Opuntia fragilis)

eastern purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

prairie onion (Allium stellatum)

  brittle prickly pear  
 

Reptiles

 
  common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina)   common snapping turtle  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

Visits

9/29/2000   8/27/2004            
 
 

Amphibians

 
 

One amphibian species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

Special Concern

mudpuppy (Necturus maculosus)

 
 

Birds

 
 

Fifteen bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Endangered

Henslow’s Sparrow (Centronyx henslowii)

Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus)

King Rail (Rallus elegans)

Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus)

Threatened

Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)

Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)

Special Concern

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Forster’s Tern (Sterna forsteri)

Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan)

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Birds List

Minnesota River Valley Birding Trail

eBird Field Checklist (Odessa Overlook)

eBird Field Checklist (Kaercher Peninsula)

eBird Field Checklist (Granite Outcrop Trails)

eBird Field Checklist (East Pool)

eBird Field Checklist (west side of East Pool)

eBird Field Checklist (east side of East Pool)

eBird Field Checklist (Low Flow Area)

eBird Field Checklist (Auto Tour Road)

eBird Field Checklist (Complete)

 
 

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

Great Egret (Ardea alba)

  Brown-headed Cowbird  
 

Fishes

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fishes List

 
 

Fungi and Lichens

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fungi List

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Lichens List

 
 

Insects and Arachnids

 
 

Three insect and arachnid species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Endangered

Dakota skipper (Hesperia dacotae)

Poweshiek skipperling (Oarisma poweshiek)

Special Concern

Iowa skipper (Atrytone arogos iowa)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Insects List

 
 

dingy cutworm moth (Feltia jaculifera)

goldenrod soldier beetle (Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus)

  dingy cutworm moth  
 

Mammals

 
 

Six mammal species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

Threatened

eastern spotted skunk (Spilogale putorius)

Special Concern

big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus)

moose (Alces americanus)

northern grasshopper mouse (Onychomys leucogaster)

prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster)

Richardson’s ground squirrel (Spermophilus richardsonii)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Mammals List

 
 

Plants

 
 

Eight plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

Endangered

ball cactus (Escobaria vivipara var. vivipara)

Threatened

disk water-hyssop (Bacopa rotundifolia)

two-headed water starwort (Callitriche heterophylla var. heterophylla)

Special Concern

cut-leaf ironplant (Xanthisma spinulosum var. spinulosum)

Oregon woodsia (Woodsia oregana ssp. cathcartiana)

prairie moonwort (Botrychium campestre)

three-stamened waterwort (Elatine triandra)

water mudwort (Limosella aquatica)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Crystalline Bedrock Outcrop (Prairie): Minnesota River Subtype ROs12a1

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern) UPs13d

Mesic Prairie (Southern) UPs23a

Wet Prairie (Southern) WPs54b

     
   

common mullein

prairie onion

 
 

Reptiles

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Amphibians and Reptiles List

 

 

 

Binoculars

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refuge for Birds

Black-crowned Night Heron, Double-crested Cormorant, Hooded Merganser, Western Grebe, and many other species of waterfowl are summer residents. This is one of the few locations in Minnesota that the Snowy Egret is known to breed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refuge for Mammals

Forty-one mammal species have been documented on this refuge.

 

 

 

 

 

Refuge for Plants

The only population of ball cactus in Minnesota is maintained in this refuge.


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