common strawberry

(Fragaria virginiana)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

common strawberry

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

Nativity

Native

 
Occurrence

Common

 
Habitat

Dry to moist. Meadows, fields, open woods, forest openings, disturbed areas. Full to partial sun.

 
Flowering

April to June

     
Flower Color

White

     
Height 4 to 6      

Identification

This is an erect, 4 to 6 tall, perennial forb that rises from rhizomes. It is often found in colonies forming a loose ground cover. It spreads freely by producing dull red runners up to 24 long that root at the nodes giving rise to new plants.

There are usually several basal leaves on hairy, green or dull red stalks. The leaf stalks can get up to 6 long but are more commonly 3 long or less. The leaves are divided into 3 leaflets.

The leaflets are thick, firm, elliptic to inversely egg-shaped, ¾ to 2¾ long, and up to 1½ wide. The lateral veins branch off of the central vein at an angle of about 30°. The upper surface is dark green to bluish-green and hairless. The lower surface is pale green and silky, with long, soft, slender, somewhat appressed hairs. The margins are coarsely toothed except near the base, where they are untoothed. The terminal tooth of the leaflet is narrower (less than half as wide) and shorter than (does not protrude beyond) the two adjacent teeth.

The inflorescence is a flat-topped or round-topped, branched cluster of a few to 12 flowers at the end of a hairy stalk that is shorter than the leaves. The flowers sit at about the same height as the leaves.

The flowers are ½ to 1 wide. There are 5 white, ¼ to ½ long petals, 5 green sepals about 2 5 long, 5 green, leaf-like bracts about the same length as the petals, 20 to 40 stamens with yellow anthers, and numerous pistils.

The fruit is an accessory fruit, consisting of a fleshy receptacle with achenes on the surface. It is roundish, ½ to ¾ long, with the familiar shape of the cultivated strawberry. The seed-like achenes are deeply embedded in pits on the surface of the fruit.

 
Similar
Species

Woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca ssp. americana) has smaller flowers and fruit. The flowers rise well above the level of the leaves. The seed-like achenes sit near the surface of the fruit. The leaflets are broader. The terminal tooth of the leaflet is as wide as and protrudes past the two adjacent teeth.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Rosaceae (rose)

 

Subfamily:

Rosoideae

 

Tribe:

Potentilleae

 

Subtribe:

Fragariinae

 
Subordinate Taxa

blueleaf strawberry (Fragaria virginiana ssp. glauca)

Virginia strawberry (Fragaria virginiana ssp. grayana)

Virginia strawberry (Fragaria virginiana ssp. platypetala)

Virginia strawberry (Fragaria virginiana ssp. virginiana)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

common strawberry

thick-leaved wild strawberry

Virginia strawberry

wild strawberry


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

accessory fruit

A fruit formed from the ovary but containing much fleshy tissue derived from adjacent parts, such as an apple. pear, or strawberry.

 

achene

A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded fruit, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed entirely from the wall of the superior ovary, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.

 

bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk or flower cluster.

 

receptacle

The thickened, upper part of a flower stalk to which flowers or flower parts are attached. In composite flowers, the part on which the flowers are borne. In accessory fruits the receptacle gives rise to the edible part of the fruit.

 

rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this plant.

       
       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   

Plant

  common strawberry   common strawberry
       
  common strawberry    
       

Inflorescence

  common strawberry   common strawberry
       

Leaves

  common strawberry   common strawberry
       
  common strawberry    
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Fragaria virginiana
Matt Lavin
 
  Fragaria virginiana  
 
About

Fruit: multiple achenes on a fleshy receptacle (accessory). Compared to Fragaria vesca, Fragaria virginiana has gray green and not-so-prominently veined leaves and is more open-site inhabiting. Stoloniferous scapose perennial herb with a creeping growth habit, common in meadows, grasslands, and open understory at all elevations in the mountainous regions of Montana.

 
     
  Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)  
     
  Fragaria virginiana WILD STRAWBERRY
Frank Mayfield
 
  Fragaria virginiana WILD STRAWBERRY  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this plant.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  Strawberry Flowers ~ Wild Strawberries (Fragaria virginiana)
Wandering Sole TV
 
   
 
About

Published on May 23, 2013

Wild strawberries in bloom in the East Kootenays of British Columbia. I found a nice patch. : )

****************************************­**************************************
****************************************­**************************************

Tags: strawberry blossom, strawberry blossoms, strawberry flowers, strawberries in bloom, strawberry berry blossom, strawberry patch, strawberry fields, wild strawberries, wild strawberry, woodland strawberry, Alpine strawberry, European strawberry, fraises des bois, rose family, Rosaceae, Fragaria

 
     
  MyNature Apps; Identifying Wild Strawberry, Fragaria virginiana
MyNatureApps
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 14, 2011

How to Identify Wild Strawberry, Fragaria virginiana. www.mynatureapps.com

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this plant.

Crystal Boyd
5/29/2013

Location: La Salle Lake SNA


     
     
 

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings

   

Afton State Park

Badoura Jack Pine Forest SNA

Baker Park Reserve

Banning State Park

Beaver Creek Valley State Park

Blackhoof River WMA

Blaine Preserve SNA

Boot Lake SNA

Buffalo River State Park

Bunker Hills Regional Park

Butternut Valley Prairie SNA

Cannon River Wilderness Area

Carley State Park

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Cedar Mountain SNA

Cedar Rock SNA

Cherry Grove Blind Valley SNA

Chimney Rock SNA

Clear Lake SNA

Cleary Lake Regional Park

Clinton Prairie SNA

Gustafson’s Camp SNA

Crow Wing State Park

Crow-Hassan Park Reserve

Englund Ecotone SNA

Falls Creek SNA

Felton Prairie SNA
Shrike Unit

Franconia Bluffs SNA

French Regional Park

Glacial Lakes State Park

Glynn Prairie SNA

Great River Bluffs State Park

Greenwater Lake SNA

Grey Cloud Dunes SNA

Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

Hayes Lake State Park

Helen Allison Savanna SNA

Hemlock Ravine SNA

Hyland Lake Park Reserve

Hythecker Prairie SNA

Iona’s Beach SNA

Iron Horse Prairie SNA

Itasca State Park

Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA

Jay Cooke State Park

Joseph A. Tauer Prairie SNA

Kasota Prairie

King’s and Queen’s Bluff SNA

La Salle Lake SNA

Lake Bemidji State Park

Lake Bronson State Park

Lake Carlos State Park

Lake Louise State Park

Lake Maria State Park

Lake Rebecca Park Reserve

Lebanon Hills Regional Park

Leif Mountain

Lost 40 SNA

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

Lundblad Prairie SNA

Lutsen SNA

Malmberg Prairie SNA

McCarthy Beach State Park

McKnight Prairie

Miesville Ravine Park Reserve

Mille Lacs Kathio State Park

Mille Lacs Moraine SNA

Mille Lacs WMA

Miller Prairie
East Unit

Minneopa State Park

Minnesota Valley NWR
Black Dog Preserve Unit

Moose Lake State Park

Mound Prairie SNA

Mound Spring Prairie SNA

Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve

Myhr Creek Ridge SNA

Nerstrand Big Woods State Park

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR
Touch the Sky Prairie Unit

Ottertail Prairie SNA

Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Pankratz Memorial Prairie
North Unit

Paul Bunyan Savanna

Pigeon River Cliffs

Pin Oak Prairie SNA

Pine Bend Bluffs SNA

Potato Lake SNA

Prairie Coteau SNA

Prairie Creek Woods SNA

Quarry Park SNA

Racine Prairie SNA

Regal Meadow

Rice Lake Savanna SNA

Richard M. & Mathilde Rice Elliott SNA

Ripley Esker SNA

River Terrace Prairie SNA

Roscoe Prairie SNA

Rushford Sand Barrens SNA

St. Croix State Park

Sakatah Lake State Park

Santee Prairie SNA

Savage Fen SNA

Savanna Portage State Park

Scenic State Park

Schaefer Prairie

Sedan Brook SNA

Sibley State Park

Spring Beauty Northern Hardwoods SNA

Spring Creek Prairie SNA

Spring Prairie Preserve

Stanley Eddy Memorial Park Reserve

Strandness Prairie

Sugarloaf Cove Nature Center

Sunfish Lake Park

Townsend Woods SNA

Twin Lakes SNA

Twin Valley Prairie SNA

Two Rivers Aspen Prairie Parkland SNA

Tympanuchus Prairie

Uncas Dunes SNA

Wild Indigo Prairie SNA

Wild River State Park

Wolsfeld Woods SNA

Woodland Trails Park

Zumbro Falls Woods SNA


 

 

Binoculars

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2017 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.